Women's Peace Organizations
Group originated in 1981 with marches and demonstrations against siting Cruise missiles at Greenham Common, U.K., an air force base. The effort was successful, and the group continues to protest nuclear weapons. An exhibit about the the Peace Camp from 1981-2000 mounted by the Imperial War Museum includes audio files in which participants describe their experiences. See also "Threat to Greenham Common." Activities of women nuclear resisters are covered in issues of The Nuclear Resister.
Peace Organizations With Women's Sections or Projects
- African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) publishes a magazine called Conflict Trends. The March, 2003 issue is on "Women, Peace, and Security."
- Association for Progressive Communications
is a "global Internet community for environment, human rights, development, and peace." APC is a federation of "members" who are non-profit Internet service and communication providers. Many women's organizations and peace groups use APC services for email, mounting websites, etc. The U.S. member of APC is the Institute for Global Communications (IGC), which is made up of several networks, including PeaceNet: and WomensNet.
- Global Action to Prevent War, jointly with WILPF has published Beyond Conflict Prevention: How Women Prevent Violence and Build Sustainable Peace (also on the Social Science Research Council site).
- International Alert is an independent, international non-governmental organization that "works to help build lasting peace in countries and communities affected or threatened by violent conflict." Select the theme "gender."
- The International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development has a Women's Rights Program and several publications online. Click on "catalogue," then select "Women's Rights" from the categories. Included will be several issues of "Women's Human Rights in Conflict Situations Newsletter."
- International Crisis Group works through "field-based analysis and high-level advocacy to prevent and resolve deadly conflict." Searching its website for "women" brings up various reports, such as Beyond Victimhood: Women's Peacebuilding in Sudan, Congo and Uganda.
- International Fellowship of Reconciliation, based in the Netherlands, has a Women's Peacemakers Program. It began in 1997 and works to support and strengthen women's peacemaking initiatives.
- The International Peace Bureau (IPB) was founded in 1892 and is "the world's oldest and most comprehensive international peace federation." Site has a Gender Issues section.
- Peace Pledge Union is the oldest pacifist organization in the U.K. Site includes information updates to a Women and Peace Pack.
- SwissPeace's "Gender & Peacebuilding" resource page has links to various documents.
- The United Nations Develoment Fund for Women (UNIFEM) has a portal on Women, Peace, and Security. Included are gender profiles of countries in conflict. topical issue briefs UNIFEM published Women, War and Peace (2002). FACES: Women as Partners in Peace and Security is a publication of the U.N. Office of the Special Advisor on Gender Issues and the Advancement of Women (OSAGI). See also the position paper by the NGO Working Group on Women Peace and Security to the UN Special Committee on Peacekeeping
Women in Conflict Areas
- General Resources
- Gender and Armed Conflict (2003) by Amani El Jack, is one of the Cutting Edge Packs published by BRIDGE, which "supports gender advocacy and mainstreaming efforts by bridging the gaps between theory, policy and practice with accessible and diverse gender information in print and online." See also the supporting documents to this report, by Emma Bell with Lata Narayanaswamy.
- The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action has a Women and Armed Conflict section.
- The United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) has a War-Torn Societies Project (WSP), which has published Women and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Issues and Sources ( WSP Occasional Paper No. 3, June 1998).
- Women Facing War is a study conducted by the International Committee of the Red Cross, issued in October, 2001. The ICRC has many other documents and links concerned with women and war. Use the drop-down menu for Key Topics and select "women."
- Women For Women supports women who are survivors of war and genocide. It formed in 1993 in response to atrocities against women in Bosnia; then added Rwanda, and more recently, Kosova.
- "Afghan Women in the Peace Process," by Zieba Shorish-Shamley, Director of the Women's Alliance for Peace and Human Rights in Afghanistan (WAPHA) is on the WAPHA site. For links to additional information on Afghan women, see RAWA (Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan), Afghanistan Online, and numerous news sites.
- The Organization for African Unity's African Women's Committee on Peace and Development is described on the Femmes Africa Solidarite site. OAU co-sponsored a conference in Zanzibar, May 17-20, 1999, that resulted in the Zanzibar Declaration on Women and a Culture of Peace
- "Women and War" ACAS Bulletin Issue 55/56. From a conference held in Dakar, Senegal, Dec. 11-13, 1998.
- Isis-WICCE, based in Uganda, has been documenting women's experiences of armed conflict; however their reports are not online.
- Additional African links from WILPF's Peacewomen site.
- Middle East
- The Bridge:
Jewish and Arab Women for Peace in the Middle East
Founded by Ada Aharoni, The Bridge includes Jewish and Arab Israeli women and their supporters. Ada Aharoni's homepage also links to Horizon, an electronic magazine that promotes conflict resolution through culture and literature, from IPRA: International Peace Research Association. Issue number 4 (Spring 1999) is on "Women, Children and Peace"
- Building Bridges for Peace brings together Jewish and Arab Israeli teens along with Denver-area high schoolers in an all-girls' camp where they are trained in leadership and conflict resolution.
- Coalition of Women for Peace
- The The Jerusalem Center for Women (Palestinian) and Bat Shalom (Israeli).
- Winning the Peace: Women's Role in Post-Conflict Iraq meeting held April 21-22, 2003, sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars, Washington, DC. The Center has a gender page.
- Women, Peace and Security News: Iraq from PeaceWomen
- The Bridge: Jewish and Arab Women for Peace in the Middle East
- Former Yugoslavia
- Donna Hughes has several papers on the war in Yugoslavia and women,
- "Feminist Organizing in Belgrade, Serbia: 1990-94," from Canadian WomenÕs Studies/Les Cahiers de la Femme, v. 16, no. 1, pp. 95-97, 1995
- "Feminist Resistance to War and Violence in Serbia," from Frontline Feminisms (Garland Press, 1999)
- See also articles linked from her homepage
- Donna Hughes has several papers on the war in Yugoslavia and women, including
- Northern Ireland
- Northern Ireland Women's Coalition (NIWC)
The NIWC began in 1996 "to put forward an agenda of reconciliation through dialogue, accommodation and inclusion." Two women (Monica McWilliam and Jane Morrice) were elected to represent the NIWC in the Peace Talks. (Site gone, April, 2006).
- "Power, Politics, Positionings -- Women in Northern Ireland" is a 1996 report by Democratic Dialogue, "Northern Ireland's first think tank."
- Northern Ireland Women's Coalition (NIWC)
Other Resources on Women and Peace
- Heroines of Peace: The Nine Nobel Women, article by Irwin Abrams
- Peace Magazine site includes tables of contents and selected articles. Articles available in fulltext concerning women include "Saving Kosovars," by Corey Levine (about a friend who was "cleansed,") and "Women in Danger in Afghanistan," by Lara Paul.
- Peace and Bread in Time of War, by Jane Addams (Macmillan, 1922) is available in fulltext, digitized by Harvard University. She describes women's peace movements in the United States during World War I.
- Peace Talks is the theme of volume 2006-2 of WIA: Women in Action from Isis International.
- United Nations Reform: Improving Peace Operations by Advancing the Role of Women is a report from the Stanley Foundation on ways to improve the recruitment and selection of women for United Nations peace operations.
Women's Human Rights
- Women's Human Rights Resources section of the DIANA Project. This is a massive annotated bibliography of articles, documents, and websites maintained by the University of Toronto Law School Library
- Many international human rights organizations have searchable websites or databases
of reports and articles. The search terms "women," "females," "gender,"
or "girls7quot; should be searched in
- AAAS Human Rights Action Network Alerts case reports
- Equipo Nizkor
collects information and documents about human rights in Latin America. Searchable database in English ("women," etc.) or Spanish ("mujeres," etc.) See also Derechos, the "first Internet-based human rights organization," whose 6,000 page site has a searchable index.
published by the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Washington College of Law, American University.
- Human Rights Watch has a Women's Rights section .
- Amnesty International and Amnesty International USA
- The United Nations has many divisions tracking women's rights and other issues. See UNIFEM's Portal on Women, War and Peace and for further links: United Nations Sites With Women and Gender Information, another page from the University of Wisconsin System Women's Studies Librarian's Office.
- Additional sites for international organizations with women's human
rights interests are linked from International Women's
which is another page from the University of Wisconsin System Women's Studies Librarian's Office.