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Wisconsin Women's History (Weisbard, 2013)


This bibliography is number 16 of the series WISCONSIN BIBLIOGRAPHIES IN WOMEN'S STUDIES published by the University of Wisconsin System Women's Studies Librarian's Office, 430 Memorial Library, 728 State Street, Madison, WI 53706; 608-263-5754; email: the Women's Studies Librarian.
This bibliography updates and expands Wisconsin Women: A Bibliographic Checklist, compiled by Women's Studies Librarian Linda Parker in 1981. It is divided into three sections covering general works, selected sources on individual women, and archival resources. Dissertations and theses listed are available at the institution where they were submitted and sometimes may be borrowed through interlibrary loan or are accessible through Dissertations & Theses database from Proquest, where that database is available. Local historical societies and other organizations may also have issued calendars, exhibition brochures, and other commemorative publications on women from their areas. Local public libraries are a good source for these materials. Many of the websites included have biographical information derived from the print sources, but are listed for use by school children and others without easy access to the original material. For material specifically on the history of women at the University of Wisconsin, consult "History of Women at the University of Wisconsin" webpage, by Phyllis Holman Weisbard. "Wisconsin Women's History" incorporates with permission several citations from Wisconsin History: an Annotated Bibliography, by Barbara Dotts Paul and Justus F. Paul (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1999). See their work for additional material, including privately published memoirs.
We welcome suggestions of additional citations for future updates.
Phyllis Holman Weisbard, University of Wisconsin System Women's Studies Librarian.

General Works

Women's History in Wisconsin, web page from the Wisconsin Historical Society, links to original documents, pictures, eyewitness accounts, and other primary sources available online, about the history of the suffrage campaign in Wisconsin, and other topics. The Wisconsin Historical Images collection includes a section on Women subdivided by portraits, women in education, women at leisure/play, women at war, women in political or social movements, and women at work. The Dictionary of Wisconsin History includes brief biographies of several prominent Wisconsin women. There are also many articles about women among the Wisconsin Local History & Biography Articles, digitized versions of newspaper clippings maintained in scrapbooks at the Wisconsin Historical Society in the late 19th and the 20th centuries. It is not fulltext searchable, so it works best for searching for known individuals, locations and time spans.

The State of Wisconsin Collection of the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections includes many local history collections with material by and about women. Search the entire State of Wisconsin Collection, or select a particular local area collection to search, and try searching for "woman," "women," etc.

Abrahamzon, Bernice V. Ladies of the Lewis Ladies Aid. Eau Claire: Heins Publications, 1998. On a women's organization in Lewis, Wisconsin.

Ader, Yvonne Anderson. "Women's Progress Through Education: A Study of Pioneer Milwaukee, 1835-1870. M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 1966.

Allen, John. "The Importance of Being Alice," On Wisconsin Summer 2006. On the history of Alice in Dairyland.

Anderson, Greta. More Than Petticoats: Remarkable Wisconsin Women. Guilford, CT: TwoDot, 2004. Includes chapters on Queen Marinette, Eliza Chappell Porter, Cordelia A.P. Harvey, Margarethe Meyer Schurz, Belle Case La Follette, Harriet Bell Merrill, Lillie Rosa Minoka-Hill, Elsa Upbricht, Edna Ferber, Mabel Watson Raimey, Golda Meir, and Mildred Fish-Harnack.

Anderson, Harry H. "The Women Who Helped Make Milwaukee Breweries Famous." Milwaukee History 4, 3/4 (1981): 66-78.
Nineteenth-century women members of the major beer businesses.

Anshus, Gail K. "A History of Five Women Philanthropists at Marquette University, 1881-1991." M.A. thesis, Marquette University, 1995.

Apple, Rima D. "The best job in the world." Wisconsin Academy Review 46, 3 (2000): 29-33. (Scroll down the table of contents to this article.)
Public health nurses helped overburdened mothers keep babies healthy in 1930s rural Wisconsin.

Apple, Rima D. "Educating Mothers: The Wisconsin Bureau of Maternal and Child Health." Women's History Review [Great Britain] 12, 4 (2003): 559-576.
On the work of public health nurses employed by the Bureau between the World Wars.

Apple, Rima D., project coordinator; Joyce E. Coleman, researcher. Home Economics to Human Ecology: A Centennial History At the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Includes numerous biographies of women faculty members and student experiences in the School of Home Economics. See also the fulltext book The Challenge of Constantly Changing Times: From Home Economics to Human Ecology at the University of Wisconsin--Madison 1903-2003, also by Rima Apple. Digitized by University of Wisconsin Digital Collections.

Apple, Rima D. "'Much Instruction Needed Here': The Work of Nurses in Rural Wisconsin During the Depression," Nursing History Review 15 (2007): 95-111.
On a Demonstration Nurse Program in which the Wisconsin Bureau of Maternal and Child Health used federal funds to hire public health nurses to work in rural areas of the state to demonstrate the efficacy of public health nurses.

Archdiocese of Milwaukee. History of the Office for Women (noted: no longer online, 8/2008). See also A Grassroots Feminist Challenge to the Catholic Church: A Social-Theological History of the Women's Commission, The Archdiocese of Milwaukee, 1982-1992" (available through the Office for Women).

Bataille, Gretchen M., ed. Native American Women: A Biographical Dictionary. New York: Garland, 1993.
Six twentieth century women from Wisconsin are included: Ada Deer, Josette Juneau, Laura Cornelius Kellogg, Mountain Wolf Woman, Ferial Deer Skye, and Roberta Hill Whitman.

Bauer-King, Nancy, Rychie Breidenstein, and Diane Nichols. How Shall We Be Known: Voices of Women in Ministry in the Wisconsin United Methodist Tradition. Oconto: Three Sisters Press, 1996.

Bellais, Leslie. "No Idle Hands: A Milwaukee WPA Handicraft Project," Wisconsin Magazine of History 84, 2 (2000-01): 48-56.
The mostly female workforce, over half of whom were African American, learned work skills while employed making handicrafts.

Bergland, Betty Ann. "'Christian Citizenship,' and the Women's Missionary Federation at the Bethany Indian Mission in Wittenberg, Wisconsin, 1884/1934," in Competing Kingdoms: Women, Mission, Nationa, and The American Protestant Empire, 1812-1960, ed. by Barbara Reeves-Ellington, Kathryn Kish Sklar, and Connie Shemo. (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, forthcoming, 2010).

Bigony, Beatrice A. Women At Stout: a Centennial Retrospective. Menomonie: University of Wisconsin at Stout Women's Studies Committee, 1991.

Boos, Eric .J. "Strange Brew: the Wisconsin Brewing Industry's Opposition to Prohibition, Women's Suffrage and the Age of Consent Laws. Southern California Review of Law and Women's Studies 12, 1 (Fall 2002): 3-29

Borgia, M. Francis. He Sent Two: The Story of the Beginning of the School Sisters of St. Francis. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishing Co., 1965.
Boright, Heather, et al. Women's Work : Early Wisconsin Women Artists, West Bend Art Museum, October 3-November 11, 2001. West Bend, Wis. : The Museum, c2001

Borst, Charlotte G. "The Training and Practice of Midwives: a Wisconsin Study." Bulletin of the History of Medicine 62, 4 (1988): 606-627.
Midwives came to their occupation from a variety of backgrounds in nineteenth-century Wisconsin, but their numbers declined in the early twentieth as they were increasingly subordinated to obstetricians.

Borst, Charlotte G. "Wisconsin's Midwives as Working Women: Immigrant Midwives and the Limits of a Traditional Occupation, 1870-1920." Journal of American Ethnic History 8 (Spring 1989): 24-59.

Bridges, Judith. "Indian Women: Strength and Spirit." Wisconsin Woman 1, 9 (December 1987): 56-58.
Focuses on some Wisconsin Indian women, both contemporary and historical.

Brown, Victoria. The Uncommon Lives of Common Women: the Missing Half of Wisconsin History. Madison: Wisconsin Feminists Project Fund, 1975. Digitized by the Wisconsin Women's Network (2003?)

Buenker, John D. "The politics of mutual frustration: Socialists and suffragists in New York and Wisconsin ." In: Flawed Liberation: Socialism and Feminism, ed. by Sally M. Miller. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981): 113-44.

Bunkers, Suzanne L. "'Faithful Friend': Nineteenth-Century Midwestern American Women's Unpublished Diaries." Women's Studies International Forum 10, 1 (1987): 7-17. See also her "Diaries: Public and Private Records of Women's Lives." Legacy 7, 2 (1990): 17-26.
Discusses methodology of studying unpublished diaries housed in historical archives in Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.

Burt, Elizabeth V."Conflicts of Interest: Covering Reform in the Wisconsin Press, 1910-1920," Journalism History 2000 26, 3: 94-107.
Coverage of the suffrage movement in three Wisconsin newspapers of the decade.

Burt, Elizabeth V. "Dissent and Control in a Woman Suffrage Periodical: 30 Years of the Wisconsin Citizen." American Journalism 16, 2 (Spring 1999): 39-61.

Burt, Elizabeth V. " The Wisconsin Press and Woman Suffrage, 1911-1919: An Analysis of Factors Affecting Coverage by Ten Diverse Newspapers" Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 73, 3 (1996): 620-634.
Examines the coverage of suffrage events in mainstream Wisconsin newspapers of the period.

Butler, Anna B.; Bascom, Emma C.; Kerr, Katharine F., editors. Centennial Records of the Women of Wisconsin. Madison: Atwood & Culver, 1876.

Calmes, S.H. "Women in the First Academic Department of Anesthesiology," International Congress Series 1242 (December 2002): 263-267.
At the University of Wisconsin.

Canaday, Margot. "'We Say What We Think:' Rural Radio, Politics, and Domesticity in Dane County, Wisconsin, 1937-1945." Women's Studies 29 (2000): 793-826.
Chronicles a radio program on WIBA, Madison run by women.

Cannon, A. Peter. Wisconsin Women Legislators : a Historical List. Madison: Legislative Reference Bureau, (issued biennially).

Clark, James. "Wisconsin Women Fight For Suffrage." Chronicles of Wisconsin 12 (1956). Published by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin.

Clausen, Jean. "Mother is Back in College." Wisconsin Alumnus 66, no. 10 (Aug./Sept. 1965): 8-11. (Click on the article from the table of contents.)

Cleary, Catherine B. "Married Women's Property Rights in Wisconsin, 1846-1872." Wisconsin Magazine of History 78, 2 (1994/95): 110-137.
Married women did not have the right to own property until 1850 or to control their earnings until 1872.

Cleary, Catherine B. "Wisconsin Women Become Bankers in the Twentieth Century." Wisconsin Banker, December 1999: 4,8,10.

Collum, Maggie and Madelyn Kennedy. "Green Bay's Yankee Daughters." Voyageur: Northeast Wisconsin's Historical Review 11, 2 (1995): 21-28.
Describes seven women who founded organizations in Green Bay at the end of the nineteenth/beginning of the twentieth centuries.

Cooper, Signe. Wisconsin Nursing Pioneers. Madison: University of Wisconsin, Extension Division, 1968.

Cornwell, Ethel K. 'For God and Home and Every Land:' The Story of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union of Wisconsin, 1874-1974. Milwaukee: Woman's Christian Temperance of Wisconsin, 1975.

Costello, Cynthia B. "'We're Worth It!' Work, Culture and Conflict at the Wisconsin Education Association Insurance Trust." Feminist Studies 11, 3 (1985): 497-518; and We're Worth it! : Women and Collective Action in the Insurance Workplace. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1991.
Strike of women clerical workers in 1979 and its aftermath.

Cox, Elizabeth M. Women State and Territorial Legislators, 1895-1995. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1996. The section "Wisconsin (1925-1995):" 317-320.

Croft, Mary K., et al. Women of Vision: Reflections on Notable Women of Portage County. Stevens Point, WI : Epitaph Press, 1999.

Crane, Virginia Glenn. "'The Very Pictures of Anarchy:' Women in the Oshkosh Woodworkers' Strike of 1898," Wisconsin Magazine of History 2001 84, 3: 44-59

Crust, Anita Waltrip. A History of the Wisconsin Division of the American Association of University Women, 1921-1961. (40 p.)

Daniels, Adrienne Edith Hacker. "A Distant Voice of Suffrage: Amos P. Wilder and Women's Rights." Wisconsin Academy Review 41, 4 (Fall 1995): 4-7.
Describes a pro-suffrage speech given by Wilder in Madison in 1895.

De Grott, Carol, Arneth, Julie, and Gould, Marion. "Beyond the Ballot Box," Voyageur: Northeast Wisconsin's Historical Review 27 (Winter/Spring 2011): 2, 12-21.

De Luca, Sara. Dancing the Cows Home: A Wisconsin Girlhood. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1996.
Reminiscences of a Polk County farm in the 1950s.

Deacon, Florence Jean. "Handmaids or Autonomous Women: the Charitable Activities, Institution Building and Communal Relationships of Catholic Sisters in Nineteenth Century Wisconsin." Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1989.

Deeringer, Susan Curtis. "Dressmaking as an Occupation for Women in Plymouth, Wisconsin, 1890-1920." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1983.

Delta Kappa Gamma Society. Sigma State (Wis.) Pi Chapter. Committee on Pioneer Women Educators in Racine. Report of Committee on Pioneer Women Educators in Racine, May 1958.

Denial, Catherine Jane. "Wisconsin Women and the Law, 1820-1848." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 1996.

Dexheimer, Florence Chambers. Daughters of the American Revolution: Sketches of Wisconsin Pioneer Women. Fort Atkinson: W.D. Hoard & Sons, 1925. Available at in the Wisconsin Electronic Reader.

Dombeck, J.M. "The Women's Coalition of Milwaukee, 1972-1987: Feminist Activism at the Local Level." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 1987.

Dreamers and Doers, Women of Northeast Wisconsin. Green Bay, WI: American Association of University Women, Green Bay Area Branch; distributed by the Brown County Historical Society, 1994.
Celebrates the lives of historical and contemporary women in northeast Wisconsin. Excerpts in Voyageur: Northeast Wisconsin's Historical Review 21, 2 (2005): 56-59 focuses on Native American women: Menominee-French Marinette Chevallier Farnsworth (1784-1865), Stockbridge-Munsee Electa Quinney (d. 1885), Mohawk Lillie Rosa Minoka-Hill (1876-1952), and Oneida Josephine Hill Webster (1883-1978). One white woman, Juliette Magill Kinzie (1806-70), who wrote about her experiences at Fort Winnebago is also included in the article.

Engelmann, Ruth. Leaf House: Days of Remembering, a Memoir. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.
Reminiscences of a Finnish American settlement in northern Wisconsin during the 1920s and 1930s.

Ernst, Kathleen. "Common Courage: Women on the Wisconsin Frontier." Wisconsin Woman 3, 11 (March 1990): 21-22.

Ernst, Kathleen. "Legendary Wisconsin Women." Wisconsin Woman (March 1989): 43-46.
Illustrated article about Rosaline Peck, Cordelia Harvey, Olympia Brown, Frances Willard, Ella Wheeler Wilcox, Mary Spellman, Lillie Rosa Minoka-Hill, Georgia O'Keeffe, and Golda Meir.

Fairbanks, Carol; Sundberg, Sara Brooks. Farm Women on the Prairie Frontier: a Sourcebook for Canada and the United States. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1983.
Index includes 8 citations to material on Wisconsin farm women.

Fenster, Valmai K. Out of the Stacks: Notable Wisconsin Women Librarians. Madison: Wisconsin Women Library Workers, 1985.

Fiorenza, Mary Elizabeth. "Midwifery and the Law in Illinois and Wisconsin, 1877-1917." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1985.

Fiorenza, Mary Elizabeth and Michael Edmonds. Women's History Resources at the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. (5th ed. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1997.
Detailed guide to locating and using material in the Library, Archives, and other branches of the Society.

"First Assemblywomen Elected to State Legislature in 1924." Wisconsin Then and Now 25, 9 (April 1979): 2-3, 6.

Follet, Joyce Clark. "Gender and Community: Kenosha, Wisconsin, 1835-1913." Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1991.

Foley, Betsy. Catholic Woman's Club: 100 years, 1900-2000: Pioneers in Community Giving. Green Bay, WI: Catholic Woman's Club, 2000.
History of the club in Green Bay.

Foley, Betsy. "The Women in Rufus Kellogg's Life," Voyageur: Northeast Wisconsin's Historical Review 19, 1 (2002): 48-55, 57-59.
Women in the family of a Green Bay banker.

Gale, Zona. "What Women Won in Wisconsin." Nation 115, 2981 (August 23, 1922): 184-185.

Geurink, Jean. "The Rural Isolation Myth: Historical Changes in the Roles of Wisconsin Farm Women." Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2006.

Gilpatrick, Kristin. Famous Wisconsin Film Stars. Oregon, WI: Badger Books, 2002.
Discusses the Wisconsin ties of Agnes Moorehead, Carole Landis, Colleen Dewhurst, Tyne Daly, Gena Rowlands, Carlotte Rae, Ellen Corby, and numerous male actors.

Gilson, Susan Ring. "The New Woman in Wisconsin: Female Reformers of the Progressive Era." M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 1976.

Gjerde, Jon and McCants, Anne. "Individual Life Changes, 1850-1910: A Norwegian-American Example." Journal of Interdisciplinary History 30, 3 (1999): 377-405.
Studies the effects of gender, birth order, and distance from parents on the marital pattern of children in Norwegian American families during the time period. Girls left home earlier than boys. Older sons and daughters were more likely to marry, as were those who moved away.

Gouveia, Grace Mary. "'We Also Serve:' American Indians Women's Role in World War II." Michigan Historical Review 20, 2 (1994): 153-182.
Discusses Menominee women in Wisconsin as well as Lakota Sioux in South Dakota. The Menominee women worked during the War in a mill owned by the tribe and in lumber camps.

Grant, Marilyn. "The 1912 Suffrage Referendum: an Exercise in Political Action." Wisconsin Magazine of History 64 (1980/81): 107-118.
Discusses both the Wisconsin Woman Suffrage Association, headed by Reverend Olympia Brown, and the Political Equality League, presided over by Ada James.

Graves, Lawrence L. "The Wisconsin Suffrage Movement, 1846-1920." Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1954.

Haegele, Mary. Those Wonderful Women of Wisconsin: a Tribute to Kewaunee County Women. Kewaunee, Wis. : Abacus Associates, 1999.

Hagen, Monys Ann. "Norwegian Pioneer Women: Ethnicity on the Wisconsin Agricultural Frontier." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1984.

Hague, Amy. "Give Us a Little Time to Find Our Places: University of Wisconsin Alumnae, Classes 1875-1900." M.A. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1983.

Hanousek, M. Eunice. New Assisi: The First Hundred Years of the Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1849-1949. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishing Co., 1948.

Hass, Paul H. "Sin in Wisconsin: the Teasdale Vice Committee of 1913." Wisconsin Magazine of History 49 (1966): 138-151.

Hendrickson, Mark L. "Pioneer Newspaperwomen of Wisconsin." Wisconsin Academy Review 42, 4 (Fall 1996): 15-20.
Discusses Emma Veeder (Janesville Signal), Susa Humes Sturtevant (Oshkosh Northwestern), Ada Markham (Independence News-Wave), and Elaine Stiles (The Kingston Spy), all active in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Henke, Alice M. Branch Amid the Pines: Early Years of the Congregation of the Sisters, Servants of Mary, Ladysmith, Wisconsin, 1912-1921. Ladysmith: Sisters, Servants of Mary, 1983.

Her Own Words: Dane County Wisconsin Pioneer Women's Diaries (video).Writer and producer Jocelyn Riley. Madison: 1986. Photographs and words based on the diaries and personal narratives of five pioneer women who lived in or traveled through Dane County in the 1830s-1850s. The women: Sarah Hobbins, Juliette Kinzie, Elisabeth Koren, Rosalind Peck and Linka Preus.

Herman, Kali. Women in Particular: an Index to American Women. Phoenix: Oryx, 1984.
Forty-four women are listed under "Wisconsin" in the geographical index to Women in Particular. Nineteenth century women include Mary Mortimer, founder of Milwaukee Female College, suffragist and peace advocate Jessie Annette Hooper, physician Almah J. Frisby, journalist Stella A. Gaines Fifield, and children's author Rebecca Perley Reed.

Hinding, Andrea. Women's History Sources: a Guide to Archives and Manuscript Collections in the United States. New York: Bowker, 1979 (2 v.)
Wisconsin entries are in volume 1, pp. 1061-1088.

Hoberg, Georgia et al. The Impact of Her Spirit. River Falls: Wisconsin Extension Homemakers Council, 1989.

Hochstein, Irma. Progressive Primer. Madison: Wisconsin Women's Progressive Association, 1922.
Handbook written for newly enfranchised women.

Hoeveler, Diane Long. Milwaukee Women Yesterday. Milwaukee: University of Wisconsin Board of Regents, 1979.

Hurn, Ethel Alice. Wisconsin Women in the War Between the States. Wisconsin History Commission, 1911. Digitized by the Wisconsin Historical Society.

Jacob, Kathryn Allamong. "The Mosher Report." American Heritage 32, 4 (1981): 56-64.
On a study of sexual habits of women at Stanford and the University of Wisconsin-Madison in the 1890s.

Jamakaya. Like Our Sisters Before Us: Women of Wisconsin Labor. Milwaukee: Wisconsin Labor History Society, 1998.
Based on interviews conducted for the Women of Wisconsin Labor Oral History Project. Interviews were with Evelyn Donner Day, Alice Holz, Evelyn Gotzion, Catherine Conroy, Nellie Wilson, Doris Thom, Lee Schmelling, Helen Hensler, Joanne Bruch, and Florence Simons.

Janik, Erika. "Good Morning, Homemakers!" Wisconsin Magazine of History 90, 1 (2006-2007): 4-15.
On a program that aired on WHA, the University of Wisconsin radio station, starting in 1926, through 1965, when long-time host Aline Hazard retired and the show was renamed "Accent on Living." See also "Dear Mrs. Hazard," by Erika Janik, On Wisconsin Spring 2007.

Jenson, Joan M. Calling This Place Home: Women on the Wisconsin Frontier, 1850-1925. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2006.

Jensen, Joan M. "The death of Rosa: Sexuality in Rural America," Agricultural History 67 (Fall 1993): 1-12.
Examines the death of a Wisconsin farm woman due to a botched abortion.

Jensen, Joan M. "'I'd Rather Be Dancing': Wisconsin Women Moving On." Frontiers 22, 1 (2001): 1-20.

Jensen, Joan M. "Sexuality on a Northern Frontier: the Gendering and Disciplining of Rural Wisconsin women, 1850-1920," Agricultural History 73, 2 (Spring 1999): 136-67

Johnson, Peter L. Daughters of Charity in Milwaukee, 1846-1946. Milwaukee: St. Mary's Hospital, 1946.

Johnson, Virginia Feld. Women of the Plywood : the World War II years. Algoma, WI: V. Feld Johnson, 1998.
Women of the Algoma Plywood and Veneer Co.

Jupp, Gertrude B. "The Heritage of Milwaukee-Downer College: A Reaffirmation." Milwaukee History 4, 2 (1981): 43-47.

Kanetzke, Howard. "Wisconsin Women." Badger History 33, 1 (September 1979.)
Issue of this children's magazine was devoted to women in Wisconsin history. Illustrated by Judy A. Patenaude. V. 22, 3 (1967) also featured Wisconsin women.

Kehoe, Alice B. "Recognizing Both the Carol Masons." Wisconsin Archeologist 82, 1-2 (2001): 3-6.
On two archeologists who worked in the Fox River Valley, Carol Irwin Mason and Carol L. Mason.

Kehoe, Karen. "Not a moment for Delay": Benevolence in Wisconsin During the Civil War Era." Ph.D. diss., Marquette University, 2004.
On Cordelia Harvey of Madison and Henrietta Colt of Milwaukee.

Kennedy, Kathleen. "Loyalty and Citizenship in the Wisconsin in the Wisconsin Woman's Suffrage Association, 1917-1919." Mid-America 76, 2 (1994): 109-131.
The group supported war efforts to defeat Germany during WWI.

Kidwell, Clara Sue. "Power of Women in Three American Indian Societies." Journal of Ethnic Studies 6, 3 (1978): 113-121.

Kieckhefer, Grace Norton. "Milwaukee-Downer Rediscovers Its Past." Wisconsin Magazine of History 34 (1950/51): 210-214 and 241-2.

Kittell, M. Teresita. Refining His Silver: Pioneer Days of the Franciscan Sisters of Christian Charity, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, 1866-1911. Manitowoc: Franciscan Sisters of Christian Charity, 1979.

Kleinman, Lynne H. "Milwaukee-Downer College: A Study in the History of Women and the History of Higher Education in America, 1851-1964." Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 1991.

Kleinman, Lynne H. "Writing Our Own History: a Class in Archival Sources," Feminist Collections 16, 3 (1995): 16-18.
Describes archival projects completed by students in a class Kleinman taught in Wisconsin women's history at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Kliebard, Herbert M. "The Feminization of Teaching on the American Frontier: Keeping School in Otsego, Wisconsin, 1867-1880," Journal of Curriculum Studies 27 (September/October 1995):545-61.
Women teachers received lower salaries than men teachers.

Kluender, Kala R., guest curator. With Wisconsin Women; Midwives in the Badger State Late 1800s to the Present (online exhibit), based on an exhibit mounted in the Historical Reading Room of Ebling Library, University of Wisconsin-Madison, April 23 to July 31, 2007.

Kohler, M. Hortense. Rooted in Hope: The Story of the Dominican Sisters of Racine, Wisconsin. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishing Co., 1962.
One hundred years of history.

Kohler, Ruth Miriam DeYoung. The Story of Wisconsin Women. Kohler: Committee on Wisconsin Women for the 1948 Wisconsin Centennial, 1948.

Kort, Ellen. A Voice of Her Own : Wisconsin Women and Their Quilts. Nashville, Tenn. : Rutledge Hill ; St. Albans: Verulam, 2000.

Krouse, Susan Applegate. "What Came Out of the Takeovers: Women's Activism and the Indian Community School of Milwaukee."American Indian Quarterly 27, 3-4 (2003): 533-547.
Discusses the women's goals in taking over a Coast Guard Station in Milwaukee in 1971 in support of the American Indian Movement (AIM).

Krueger, Lillian. Motherhood on the Wisconsin Frontier. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1951.

Krueger, Lillian. "Social Life in Wisconsin: From Pre-territorial Days to the Mid-Sixties." Wisconsin Magazine of History 22 (1938/39): 156-77, 312-28, and 396-426.

Kursch, Daisy. "The Milwaukee-Downer College Spirit." Milwaukee History 9, 4 (1986): 98-102.
Alumnae remembrances of the women's college.

Laberge, Marie Anne. "'Seeking a Place to Stand:' Political Power and Activism Among Wisconsin Women, 1945-1963." Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1995.
Demonstrates that women were politically active and central to the political debates of the era.

Laberge, Marie Anne. "Working Together or Working Apart: Socialist Women in the Wisconsin Suffrage Movement, 1910-1920." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1986.

Ladies Union League Papers, 1862-1864. Papers related to a woman's organization in Madison, Wis., that handled claims for money for Wisconsin soldiers and their families, donated food to hospitals for the sick, and corresponded with wounded soldiers during the Civil War; consisting of letters from hospitalized soldiers and others. Digitized by University of Wisconsin Digital Collections as part of the Wisconsin Goes to War: Our Civil War Experience Collection.

Lamek, Perry M. "The Queens of Racine: The Girls of Swat," Wisconsin Trails Magazine July-August 2003.
On one of the teams in the All-American Girl’s Professional Baseball League.

Lamoreaux, Jeanne D.(ed.) "Wisconsin Women." The Wisconsin Alumnus 45, 8 (May 1944): 4-7. (Click on the article from the table of contents.)
On notable graduates of the University of Wisconsin.

Langbaum, Samantha. "The Paradox of Aspiration and the Making of a Law: the Wisconsin Equal Rights Act of 1921." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1992.

Langill, Ellen. Waukesha Service Club: a History 1930-2005. Waukesha, WI: The Club, 2005.

Larson, Bradley G. "Service in Skirts." Voyageur: Northeast Wisconsin's Historical Review 21, 1 (2004): 24-28.
Excerpt from author's Voices of History, 1941-45, about northeastern Wisconsin women in the military during World War II.

Larson, Margaret. For the Common Good : a History of Women's Roles in La Crosse County, 1920-1980. La Crosse, WI: League of Women Voters of La Crosse County : League of Women Voters Education Fund, 1996.
Based on oral histories.

Loew, Patty. "The Back of the Homefront: Black and American Indian Women in Wisconsin During World War II." Wisconsin Magazine of History 82, 2 (1998): 83-103.
Women quoted include the author's mother, Alice DeNomie Loew, and aunt, Mary Jane Aynes Kahl, both Ojibwes, and Marge Pascale, Frances Reneau, Nellie Wilson, May Caire, and Rubie Bond. Based on interviews conducted by the author (with her mother and aunt) and oral histories in the Wisconsin Women During World War II Oral History Project, 1992-1994, sponsored by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin.

Lorimer, Margaret. Ordinary Sisters : the Story of the Sisters of St. Agnes, 1858-1990. Fond du Lac, WI: Congregation of Sisters of St. Agnes, 2007.

Lueders Bolwerk, Carol A. "Dairy Farm Women in Wisconsin : the Changing Nature of Their Work, Roles, and Choices over Three Generation," Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 1999.

Lundburg, Emma O. "Women in the University of Wisconsin." Wisconsin Alumni Magazine 9 (April 1908): 263-269.(Click on the article from the table of contents.)

Mack, Maureen D. Women of Madeline Island. Friendship, WI: New Past Press, 2006. (48p.)
On Ozhahguscodaywayquay (Susan) Johnston, 1772-18; Jane Johnston Schoolcraft, 1800-1; Emma Mansel Russell Johnson, 1872-197; and Agnes Windt Cadotte, 1903-1980.

Marston, Brenda. "We Want Our Vote to Count: Women's Peace Activism, 1914-1934." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1985.
On the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and its Wisconsin chapter in particular.

Masino, Susan. Famous Wisconsin Musicians. Oregon, WI: Badger Books, 2003.
Discusses the Wisconsin ties of Tracy Nelson, Ruby Starr, Hildegarde, the Cordettes, Jane Wiedlin, and numerous male musicians.

McBride, Elizabeth. "Juliette Kinzie Slept Here," Wisconsin Trails Magazine (March-April 2000).
On several of the interesting women who contributed to the history of Wisconsin.

McBride, Genevieve G. On Wisconsin Women : Working for Their Rights from Settlement to Suffrage. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1993. Read an excerpt from the first chapter in the Wisconsin Magazine of History 89, no. 2 (Winter 2005-2006): 12-15.
See also McBride's Ph.D.diss. (University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1989) "No 'Season of Silence': Uses of Public Relations' in Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Reform Movements in Wisconsin" for more information on the pre-1866 suffrage period, especially from a communication perspective.

McBride, Genevieve G., ed. Women's Wisconsin: From Native Matriarchies to the New Millennium. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2005.
Contents: The first Wisconsin women -- Women on the Wisconsin frontier, 1836-1848 -- Statehood and the status of women, 1848-1868 -- Poverty and progress for women in Wisconsin, 1868-1888 -- Organized women, 1888-1910 -- "Forward" women in Wisconsin, 1910-1930 -- Women at war, 1930-1950 -- Never done: Women's work from the Wisconsin Centennial into the new millennium. Except for the last section, this volume reprints articles and excerpts from the Wisconsin Magazine of History, all introduced by McBride. The last section is a new essay by McBride.

Miller, Midge Leeper. "Wisconsin's Struggle for the Equal Rights Amendment," n.d. Wisconsin Women's Network website.

Mink, Nicolaas. "Cooking in the Countryside: The Rural Reform of Taste and the Wisconsin Farmers' Institute's Cooking Schools." Wisconsin Magazine of History 92, 2 (2008): 2-13.
Led to women participants taking part in social reforms.

Mitchell, Bonnie. "League of Women Voters Marks 50 Years." Wisconsin Then and Now 16, 2 (1969): 1-3.
The League was founded by two women with Wisconsin ties: Carrie Chapman Catt (born in Wisconsin but spent most of her life elsewhere) and Jessie Jack Hooper.

Moore, Alta Edna. "The History of the Woman Suffrage Campaign in the State of Wisconsin." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1940.

"More Than Four Hundred Women Hold Municipal Office in Wisconsin." American City 31 (August 1924): 155.

Morgan, Thomas J. and Nitz, James R. "Our Forgotten World Champions: the 1944 Milwaukee Chicks." Milwaukee History 18, 4 (1995): 30-45.
The Chicks won the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League in 1944.

Morris, Mary Ellen J. Sketches from Memory. Resada, CA: Hungerford Press, 1942.
Of southwestern Wisconsin.

Mouser, Bruce. "Lots of Women's History Out There, If You Are Willing To Look For It: Black Women in La Crosse." Feminist Collections 7, 2 (Winter 1986): 4-9.
Research conducted using census information, church and local government records.

Mowry, Duane. "Women As School Officers." Arena 24 (August 1900): 198-206.

Murphy, Lucy Eldersveld. "Economy, Race, and Gender Along the Fox-Wisconsin and Rock Riverways, 1737-1832." Ph.D. diss., Northern Illinois University, 1995.

Examines the sexual division of labor and trade relations of the Indian villages along the waterways.

Neth, Mary. "Gender and the Family Labor System: Defining Work in the Rural Midwest." Journal of Social History 27, 3 (1994): 563-577.
Explores the sexual division of labor and the value of women's work on German and Norwegian immigrant farms in Wisconsin, Iowa, and North Dakota.

Neth, Mary. Preserving the Family Farm: Women, Community, and the Foundations of Agribusiness in the Midwest, 1900-1940. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Obenauer, Marie Louise. Employment of Women in Power Laundries in Milwaukee, A Study of Working Conditions and of the Physical Demands of the Various Laundry Occupations (Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, no. 122. Women in Industry Series, no. 3). Washington: Government Printing Office, 1913. Digitized in the "Women Working, 1800-1930" project, Harvard University Library.

Oberdeck, Kathryn J. "Class, Place, and Gender: Contested Industrial and Domestic Space in Kohler, Wisconsin, USA, 1920-1960," Gender & History 13, 1 (2001): 97-137.
Kohler company workers' wives played a comparatively lesser role in a strike activities there than they did in other strikes during the era.

Odrcic, Liana J. 'Reading Our Lives: Collective Reading and Cultural Work in 19th- and 20th-Century Wisconsin Women's Book Clubs'. Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2008.
From the abstract: "...demonstrates how Wisconsin women used collective literacy practices in the semi-public domains of their clubs to meet not only the civic needs of their communities and the nation at large but also their own gender-specific needs as turn-of-the-century women.... While existing qualitative studies of women's book clubs have argued that book club practices serve significant social, intellectual, and affective purposes in contemporary women's lives, these studies invariably return to a characterization of women's book clubs as being primarily focused on the selection, reading, and discussion of literary texts. This project argues instead that women's book clubs are primarily focused on the lives of the women members themselves in relation to the books they choose to read and interpret together and that, moreover, this is where the cultural work of contemporary women's book club reading resides."

Ogren, Christine A. "Where Coeds Were Coeducated: Normal Schools in Wisconsin, 1870-1922." History of Education Quarterly 35, 1 (Spring 1995): 1-26.
In contrast to the segregated experience for women students at the University of Wisconsin in Madison, those at the normal schools had many more shared experiences both in the classrooms and in activities.

Olin, Helen Maria Remington. The Women of a State University: An Illustration of the Working of Coeducation in the Middle West. New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1909. Digitized in "Women Working, 1800-1930," Harvard University Libraries.
On the University of Wisconsin. For a contemporaneous take, see Anderson, William J. "The Women of State University." Wisconsin Alumni Magazine 11, 2 (Nov. 1909): 53-55. (Click on the article from the table of contents.)

O'Rourke, Alice. Let Us Set Out: Sinsinawa Dominicans, 1949-1985. Sinsinawa: Mazzuchelli Guild, 1986.
History of the Order in Sinsinawa, Wisconsin.

Ortlepp, Anke. Auf denn, ihr Schwestern! : deutschamerikanische Frauenvereine in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1844-1914. Stuttgart : F. Steiner, 2004; and article in English: "German American Women's Clubs: Constructing Women's Roles and Ethnic Identity." Amerikastudien [Germany] 48, 3 (2003): 425-442.
On German-American women's clubs in Milwaukee.

Ouimette, Helen. Country Catalog of Memories: A Childhood on a German-American Farm in the Late 1920's and Early 30's. Edited by Lori Ouimette Evans. Neillsville: H.E. Ouimette, 1986.
On farm life in Manitowoc County.

Palmini, Cathleen. "Across the Unknown Waters to Wisconsin: the Migration Narratives of Four Women Settlers,"Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 88 (2000) :105-120. (Click on the article from the table of contents.)

Palmini, Cathleen, ed. "'The Broad Lakes Roll Between Us': Wisconsin Women's Letters Home." Inland Seas 59, 1 (2003): 46-57.
On Racheline S. Wood, Orpha Bushnell Ranney, Ann Chaney, and Annie R. Henderson who travelled across the Great Lakes to Wisconsin in the 19th cent.

Pardini, Priscilla. The Faye McBeath Foundation: A Story of Giving. Milwaukee, 1998.

Pardini, Priscilla. Women Making a Difference: American Association of University Women in Milwaukee, 1894-2012. Milwaukee: AAUW, American Association of University Women, Milwaukee Branch, 2012.

Pawley, Christine. "A 'Bouncing Babe,' a 'Little Bastard:' Women, Print and the Door-Kewaunee Regional Library, 1950-1952," in Women in Print: Essays on the Print Culture of American Women from the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, edited by James P. Danky and Wayne A. Wiegand, (Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 2006). This essay starts on page 208. See also Pawley, Christine. "Women, Print, and Domesticity," in her Reading Places: Literacy, Democracy, and the Public Library in Cold War America. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 20.

Pazdera, Terri, ed. The Living History of Luther Manor, 1981.
Reminiscences of residents at the Luther Manor, who were interviewed by freshmen and sophomores at the University of Wisconsin's Marinette County campus, covering topics that include farm life and other occupations and women's lives from the late 1800s to 1981, the Depression of the 1930s, and World War I.

Pederson, Jane Marie. Between Memory and Reality: Family and Community in Rural Wisconsin, 1870-1970. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1992.

Perri, Colleen. Entrepreneurial Women. Kenosha: Possibilities Publishing, 1987 (on women-owned businesses in Kenosha).

Philpott, Carrie E. "Sí yo, yo cuento": Latinas making space and enacting community for social and political rights in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. M.A. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2012.

Phillips, Dennis H. "Women in Nineteenth Century Wisconsin Medicine." Wisconsin Medical Journal 71 (November 1972): 13-18.

A Photo History of the National Weather Service in Green Bay (photographs of women employed by the NWS during World War II): [noted no longer online, 8/2008]

Pienkos, Angela T. A Brief History of Polanki, Polish Women's Cultural Club of Milwaukee, 1953-1973. Milwaukee: Franklin Press, 1973.

Pioneers in the Law: the First 150 women. Madison, Wis. : State Bar of Wisconsin, Pioneers in the Law Committee, [1998] (80p. book, plus video by the same name). Also available at

Plier, Virginia. Miracles and Memories, from the Model T to the Internet. Green Bay: Alt Publishing Co., 1997.
On life in Wauwatosa.

Putnam, Mabel R. Winning of the First Bill of Rights for American Women. Milwaukee: F. Putnam, 1924.
On the Wisconsin women's Bill of Rights, passed in 1921.

"Radio Revolution: Women Speak to Women about their Lives, 1930s-1960s," Wisconsin Magazine of History 90, no. 1 (2006-2007): 2-3.
This is an introduction to two articles listed under their authors, Erika Janik's "Good morning, homemakers!" and Nancy C. Unger's "The We Say What We Think Club,"both separately indexed by author in this bibliography.

Radcliffe, Irene and Robinson, Eleanor. History of Fauver Hill Study Club, Formerly Campbell Library Association. La Crosse, WI [?]: Doris Bowes and Judy Rockwood, 2001. [48p.]

Ragatz, Tom, et. al. "Women Lawyers in Dane County," in Lawyers Who Shaped Dane County: A History of the Practice of Law in the Madison Area. Madison: Dane County Bar Association History & Memorials Committee, 2012.

Rank, Kathryn Marie Gilbert. "Women and Prohibition in Milwaukee." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, 1978.

Ranney, Joseph A. "The History of Wisconsin's Women's Rights Law. Part 1: Wisconsin Women and the Law, 1846-1920 and "Part 2: Wisconsin Women and the Law Since 1920" from Wisconsin Lawyer.

Raymond, Tamara. "Search for Equality in Wisconsin." Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters 70 (1982): 126-34. (Click on the article from the table of contents.)
On the passage of the Wisconsin's Equal Rights Law in 1921.

Rice, Mary Kellogg. Useful Work for Unskilled Women : a Unique Milwaukee WPA Project. Milwaukee, Wis. : Milwaukee County Historical Society, c2003.

Riley, Jocelyn, comp. Her Mother Before Her: Winnebago Women's Stories of Their Mothers & Grandmothers: A Resource Guide. Madison: Jocelyn Riley, 1995.

Riley, Jocelyn, comp. Winnebago Women: Songs & Stories: A Resource Guide. Madison: Jocelyn Riley, 1995.

Ripp-Shucha, Bonnie. "'This Naughty, Naught City': Prostitution in Eau Claire From the Frontier to the Progressive Era." Wisconsin Magazine of History 81, 1 (Autumn 1997): 31-54.

The Road She Travelled: Honoring Women Who Make a Difference. La Crosse: Longfellow Middle School, 2006-2010.
Project by students in the 7th grade classes at Longfellow Middle School in La Crosse in conjunction with the La Crosse League of Women Voters. The students interviewed women who have positively impacted the La Crosse community and created docudramas to share their stories. Site includes a directory of the individuals.

Roberts, James P. Famous Wisconsin Authors. Oregon, WI: Badger Books, Inc., 2002.
Includes Zona Gale, Ella Wheeler Wilcox, Edna Ferber, Mountain Wolf Woman, Margery Latimer, Marya Zaturenska, Lorine Neidecker, Edna Meudt, Kristine Kathryn Rusch, Jane Hamilton, Lorrie Moore, Kelly Cherry, and Jacquelyn Mitchard, plus numerous male authors.

Rock, Cynthia Kickham. "The History of Abortion in Nineteenth-Century Wisconsin." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1992.

Rogowski, Gini and Juene Nowak Wussow. "Milwaukee W.P.A. Dolls." Lore Magazine (Milwaukee Public Museum), 1996. r>
Works Progress Administration handicraft work by women.

Rumpf, Eva Augustin. "The Vote & Nothing But the Vote." Wisconsin Woman 4, 5 (August 1990): 6-7, 32.

Saler, Bethel. "Negotiating the Treaty Economy: Race, Gender, and the Transformation From an Indian to a White Territory in Northeastern Wisconsin, 1824-1852." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1992, and "Negotiating the Treaty Polity: Gender, race and the Transformation of Wisconsin from Indian Country Into an American State, 1776-1854. Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1999.

Savagian, John. "Women at Ceresco." Wisconsin Magazine of History 83, 4 (2000): 258-280.
Ceresco was a utopian community adjoining Ripon based on the philosophy of Chares Fournier. It lasted from 1844-1850. According to Savagian, women's roles were no less confining than in the mainstream society at that time, i.e., they were chiefly in the domestic sphere, although they did own stock in their own names in Wisconsin Phalanx, the company that created Ceresco.

Schulz, Dorothy Moses and Steven M. Houghton. "Married to the Job: Wisconsin Women Sheriffs." Wisconsin Magazine of History 86, 3 (2003): 22-37.

Schwalm, Leslie A. "The Antislavery and Reform Activities of Women in Wisconsin." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1984.

Search, Mabel. "Women's Rights in Wisconsin." Marquette Law Review 6 (1922): 164-169.

Seitz, Jody Lee. "Gender and Dairying in Wisconsin: A Study of Evaluation of Labor on Two Nineteenth Century Farms." M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1989.

Shafer, Mary A. Wisconsin: The Way We Were, 1845-1945. Minoqua, WI: Heartland Press, 1993.
Includes vignettes of Edna Ferber, Zona Gale, Jessie Jack Hooper, Belle Case La Follette, Dr. Kate Pelham Newcomb, and Laura Ingalls Wilder and many photographs of Wisconsin women.

Sherr, Lynn and Jurate Kazickas. The American Woman's Gazetteer. New York: Bantam Books, 1976.
Sourcebook of places and events in women's history. Wisconsin section, pp. 247-252.

Skrivseth, Marilyn. "The Evolution of the Wisconsin Women's Intercollegiate Athletic Conference from 1971 to 1993 as Experienced by the Primary Women's Athletics Administrators." Ph.D. diss., University of Iowa, 1995.

Speltz,Mark. "An Interest in Health and Happiness as Yet Untold: The Woman’s Club of Madison, 1893–1917." Wisconsin Magazine of History 89, no. 3 (Spring 2006): 2-15.

Spindler, Louise S. Menomini Women and Culture Change. American Anthropological Association Memoir 91. Issued as the American anthropologist [new ser.] v.64, no.1, pt.2, Feb. 1962. Menasha: American Anthropological Association, 1962.

Stachewicz, Ann N. "From "Disorderly Women" to "Little Girls": Gender, Class and Conflict in the Allis-Chalmers Strike of 1946-1947." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2006.

Stamp, Mark A. "Wisconsin's Marriage and Divorce Laws: A Historical Perspective." M.M.L. thesis, University of Wisconsin Law School, 1983.

Steinschneider, Janice. An Improved Woman : the Wisconsin Federation of Women's Clubs, 1895-1920. Brooklyn, NY: Carlson Pub., 1994.

Step By Step: Building a Feminist Movement, 1941-1977 (video). Producers Joyce Follet and Marilyn Orner in association with Wisconsin Public Television. Madison: 1998. Distributed by Women Make Movies, New York.
Traces the gradual emergence of contemporary feminism during the time period through the life stories of eight women from Wisconsin and near-by states. Wisconsin women interviewed are Gene Boyer, Sr. Austin Doherty, Mary Eastwood, Dorothy Haener, Mary Lou Munts, Doris Thom, and Addie Wyatt. The work of Kathryn Clarenbach, who passed away before the video was made, is cited.

Stephens, Carolyn King. Downer Women, 1851-2001 : Celebrating the 150th Anniversary of the Charter of Milwaukee National Institute and High School. Milwaukee: Sea King Publications, 2003. Illustrated by Judith King Peterson.

Stevens, Michael E., ed., and Ellen D. Goldlust, assistant ed. Women Remember the War, 1941-1945. Madison : Center for Documentary History, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1993.
Based on oral history interviews with Wisconsin women.

Stout, Claude D. "The Legal Status of Women in Wisconsin." Marquette Law Review. Part I: V. 14, no. 2 (February 1930): 66-80; Part II: V. 14, no. 3 (April 1930): 121-69; Part 3, V.14, no. 4 (June 1930): 199-211.

Struna, Nancy and Mary L. Remley. "Physical Education for Women at the University of Wisconsin, 1863-1913: A Half Century of Progress." Canadian Journal of the History of Sport and Physical Education 4, 1 (1973): 8-26.

Swoboda, Marian J.; Roberts, Audrey J., editors. University Women: a Series of Essays. Madison: University of Wisconsin System Office of Women, 1980, and 1993. 4. v. All four volumes have been digitized by the University of Wisconsin Libraries:
V. 1: They Came to Teach, They Came to Stay; V. 2: Wisconsin Women, Graduate School, and the Professions; and V. 3: Women Emerge in the Seventies. V. 4: Women of Campus in the Eighties: Old Struggles, New Victories, edited by Marian J. Swoboda, Audrey J. Roberts, and Jennifer Hirsch. Madison: University of Wisconsin System Office of Equal Opportunity Programs and Policy Studies, 1993.

Talbot, George. At Home, Domestic Life in the Post-Centennial Era, 1876-1920. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1976.
Exhibition catalog.

Talsky, Mary Thereasa. "The Women of WISSA: History of Interscholastic Girls' Athletics in the Private and Parochial Secondary Schools of Wisconsin." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 1999.

Thayer, Earl R. "Wisconsin's Pioneering Women Physicians," Wisconsin Academy Review 51, 2 (Spring 2005): 51-62.

Thomann, Beverly M. When a Woman Wills: a Narrative History of Ripon, Wisconsin Women. Ripon: American Association of University Women, Ripon Branch, 1981 (138 p.)

Tinling, Marion. Women Remembered: A Guide to Landmarks of Women's History in the United States. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986.
The Wisconsin section, pp. 558-571, covers houses, monuments, sites associated with events, and places named for women throughout the state.

Tomin, Barbara and Carol Burgoa. Multicultural Women's History: Curriculum Unit For the Elementary Grades. Windsor, CA: National Women's History Project, 1986.
Includes material on Ada Deer and Frances Willard.

Tonge, Grace. Ten Dynamic Women. Madison: School of Family Resources and Consumer Sciences, University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1984?
Stories and photographs of older women from Madison area: Jane Farwell, Gilma Gruen, Velma Hamilton, Helen Stick, Marie Boneff, Guniel Holt, Helen Larson, May Reynolds, Louise Lawton, and Verena Northey.

Transforming Women's Education : the History of Women's Studies in the University of Wisconsin System. Madison, WI: Office of University Publications for the University of Wisconsin System, Women's Studies Consortium, 1999.

Trilling, Blanche Mathilde. History of Physical Education for Women at the University of Wisconsin, 1889-1913 (Madison: University of Wisconsin, no date) and History of Physical Education for Women at the University of Wisconsin, 1898-1946 (Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1951)

Tuttle, Liza. A Club of Their Own: 125 Years of the Woman's Club of Wisconsin. Milwaukee, Wis. : Woman's Club of Wisconsin, 2000.

Unger, Nancy C. "The We Say What We Think Club," Wisconsin Magazine of History 90, 1 (2006-2007): 16-27.
A talk radio program on WIBA, Madison, from 1937-1957.

Unger, Nancy C. "Women for a Peaceful Christmas: Wisconsin Homemakers Seek to Remake American Culture," Wisconsin Magazine of History 93, 2 (2009-2010): 2-15.
About a group of 16 Madison women who organized in 1971 to promote peace and to challenge Americans to consider the links between consumerism, public policy, and natural resources.

Vecchio, Diane. "Connecting Spheres: Women, Work, and Family Life in Milwaukee's Italian Third Ward," Italian Americana, Spring 1994.

Vecchio, Diane. Merchants, Midwives, and Laboring Women: Italian Migrants in Urban America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006.
On the work experiences of Italian immigrant women and their daughters in Milwaukee (and Endicott, New York) at the turn of the twentieth century.

Velie, Meredithe Ann. "Hierarchy and Web: A Study of Urban School Reform, Gender, and Cognitive Style in Milwaukee, 1890-1920." Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1992.
Examines the life histories of three Milwaukee educational reformers during the Progressive Era: Meta Berger, Lizzie Kander, and Dorothy Enderis.

Vosko, Leah F. and Witwer, David, "Not a Man's Union: Women Teamsters in the United States During the 1940s and 1950s," Journal of Women's History 13, 3 (2001): 169-192.
Experiences of women members of Local 695, International Brotherhood of Teamsters, in Watertown, Wisconsin.

Voss, Kimberly Wilmot and Lance Speere. "Way Past Deadline: the Women's Fight to Integrate the Milwaukee Press Club." Wisconsin Magazine of History 92, 1 (2008): 28-43.

We Were Here: Contributions of Rock County Women
. Janesville: American Association of University Women, Janesville Branch, 1975. (32 p.)

Weatherford, Doris, ed. "Wisconsin," A History of Women in the United States: State-by-State Reference. Danbury, CT: Grolier, 2004. (4 v.) Vol. 4: 229-255.
Summarizes Wisconsin women's history from prehistory and white exploration through the present. Contains short biographies of several prominent Wisconsin women (Mathilde Franziska Giesler Anneke, Tammy Baldwin, Olympia Brown, Catherine Taft Clark, Nancy Dickerson, Zona Gale, Margaret Newell H'Doubler, Lorena Alice Hickok, Jessie Annette Jack Houper, Lizzie Black Kander, Louise Phelps Kellogg, Belle Case La Follette, Helen Parkhurst,Vel R. Phillips, and Ellen Clara Sabin), descriptions of prominent sites, and a bibliography.

Weisbard, Phyllis Holman. "History of Women at the University of Wisconsin" webpage. Last update 2010.

Weisberger, Bernard A. "Changes and Choices: Two and a Half Generations of La Follette Women." Wisconsin Magazine of History 76, 4 (Summer 1993): 248-270.
On Belle, Isabel ("Isen"), Fola, and Mary La Follette.

Welch, Maureen. Wisconsin Women Writers of Adult Fiction and Poetry 1962-1992 (bibliography). Madison: University of Wisconsin System Women's Studies Librarian's Office, 1992 (21 p.) Published in the series "Wisconsin Bibliographies in Women's Studies." Available at:
In addition to biographical information on the women writers, there is a three-page list of biographical and literary sources used in compiling the bibliography.

White, Sarah. Madison Women Remember: Growing Up in Wisconsin's Capital. Chicago: Arcadia, 2006.
Remembrances of Anne Stassi Bruno, Donna Laplley Fisker, Berverly Mickelson Fosdal, Ruby Helleckson Hubbard, Margaret Brink Ingraham, Winifred Lottes Lacy, Jackie Gregory Mackesey, Rosemary McGilligan McDermott, Anita Daitch Parks, Helen Blazek Richter, Regina Rhyne, and Susan Schmitz.

Williams, Nancy Greenwood. First Ladies of Wisconsin: the Governors' Wives. Kalamazoo, MI: 1991.

Wisconsin. Governor's Commission on the Status of Women. Real Women, Real Lives : Marriage, Divorce, Widowhood. Madison : The Commission, 1979.
Contains the life stories of women from a variety of backgrounds struggling to cope with divorce, child custody, etc., under the tax system and marital property laws then in force in Wisconsin.

Wisconsin Electronic Reader
Includes fulltexts of works by Dexheimer and Youmans (see their listings elsewhere in this bibliography), plus pictures from the fight for women's suffrage in Wisconsin (, biographies of Wisconsin women authors are included at and photographs of women are in the gallery section of the site,

Wisconsin Historical Society. Women's Auxiliary. Famous Wisconsin Women. Madison: 1971-6.
Series of six illustrated pamphlets from exhibits at the State Historical Society.

Wisconsin Historical Society.Women's History in Wisconsin, web page.
Links to original documents, pictures, eyewitness accounts, and other primary sources available online, about the history of the suffrage campaign in Wisconsin, and other topics. The Wisconsin Historical Images collection includes a section on Women subdivided by portraits, women in education, women at leisure/play, women at war, women in political or social movements, and women at work. The Dictionary of Wisconsin History includes brief biographies of several prominent Wisconsin women.

Wisconsin Veterans Museum. "'This is my war too!' Women in the Military The Women's Army Corps" was an online exhibit [noted no longer online, 8/2008.]

Wisconsin Women: a Gifted Heritage. Goggin, Jeannine; Manske, Patricia Alland, project directors; Bletzinger, Andrea; Short, Anne editors. Madison?: American Association of University Women, Wisconsin State Division, 1982.
Illustrated biographies of many important historical and contemporary women.

Wisconsin Women: Celebrating Their Contributions, an oral history project of D.C. Everest School District students and staff. Weston: 2011. Photo album for the project is online.
90 oral histories; 606 pages.

Wisconsin Women for Agriculture: 1973-1998, 25 Years of Service: Information, Deliberation, Action. Wisconsin Women for Agriculture, 1998 (59 leaves).

Wisconsin Women On Parade: Celebrating Wisconsin Women. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, 1986 (Bulletin no. 6333, 12 p.)
Includes descriptions of suffrage leader Olympia Brown, farmer Christine Kumlein, sculptor Helen Farnsworth Mears, and Dr. Kate Newcomb.

Wisconsin Women's Council. "Distinguished Wisconsin Women."
The complete text of a 1998 resolution made by the Wisconsin State Assembly honoring Wisconsin women, with links to biographical information about each woman mentioned.

Wisconsin Women's Network. "Chronology of Recent Highlights of Wisconsin's Women's Movement," by Kathryn Clarenbach. (Link goes to the introduction. Follow links at bottom of page to go to other sections of the chronology; chronology from 1977 - 2000, by Marian Thompson and Constance Threinen.) See also the History section of the Network's website. It includes links to "Wisconsin Women and the National Plan of Action" resolutions adopted in 1977 at the Wisconsin State Meeting and the first National Women's Conference in Houston, and "Wisconsin's Struggle for the Equal Rights Amendment."

Woman's Suffrage Movement Turning Points in Wisconsin History, #32, Wisconsin Historical Society.
Primary source documents: articles, books, pictures.

"Women at the Bar in the 20th Century." Wisconsin Law Magazine:

Women in the Law. Milwaukee: Daily Reporter Pub. Co., 2009. "A special publication of Wisconsin Law Journal."

Women Who Forged the Way, produced by the Organization for Campus Women. La Crosse, WI:
Educational Television Center, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, 1993 (video). Focuses on women who influenced the development of the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse.

Writing on the Lakes, producer Jocelyn Riley. Madison: Jocelyn Riley Productions, 1998 (video).
Uses stills and songs to depict the thoughts of a woman traveling to Wisconsin in 1948.

Youmans, Theodora Winton. "How Wisconsin Women Won the Ballot." Wisconsin Magazine of History 5 (1921/2): 3-32. Available at: as part of the Wisconsin Electronic Reader,
Youmans provides a memoir of the 1912 campaign for woman suffrage in Wisconsin (the referendum lost 227,000 to 135,000) and events through enfranchisement. She also reviews the earlier efforts from 1849 on. For further information on Youmans and on the 1912 campaign, see "Theodora Winton Youmans and the Wisconsin Woman Movement," by Genevieve McBride in Wisconsin Magazine of History 71, 4 (1988): 243-275 and "The 1912 Suffrage Referendum: An Exercise in Political Action," by Marilyn Grant in Wisconsin Magazine of History 64 (Winter 1980-81): 107-118. For Wisconsin suffrage pictures, see

Zarob, Virginia. "Family in an Expanding Industrial Economy: Economic, Occupational, Social, and Residential Mobility in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1860-1880." Ph.D. diss., Marquette University, 1976.

Zatopa, Patricia; DeNiro, Mary, editors. From Pioneer to Present, a tribute to Rhinelander Women: a Collection of Biographies. Rhinelander: Northwoods Chapter of the National Organization for Women, 1983 (32 p.)

Works on Individual Women

Included below are citations to women who spent a significant portion of their lives in Wisconsin. In addition to these citations, the Wisconsin Magazine of History in its early volumes (in the 1920s) frequently carried reminiscences by women of growing up in Wisconsin, and the Wisconsin Alumni Magazine at the University of Wisconsin-Madison frequently spotlighted women graduates. The Wisconsin Alumni Magazine is available online through 1990 through the University of Wisconsin Digital Collection. Select it from the drop-down menu on the search page at, or browse individual issues via Several books on the history of women at the University of Wisconsin have been digitized by the UW Libraries. They include essays on individual professors, as well as programs, departments, and organizations. There are also numerous privately published family histories and genealogies available in the Wisconsin Historical Society Library and elsewhere (the subject heading "Wisconsin--Biography" retrieves them). Women born in Wisconsin who left the state in early childhood and went on to prominence in other places are generally not listed on this bibliography. Suffrage leader Carrie Chapman Catt (born in Ripon) and Little House on the Prairie's Laura Ingalls Wilder (born in Pepin) are examples of well-known figures who left Wisconsin as children. For biographical information on prominent contemporary Wisconsin women, consult Who's Who of American Women, issues of Wisconsin Woman (ceased publication in 1990), newspapers, and news magazines. Genealogists should try the US GenWeb Archives Project, Wisconsin section.

Aber, Margery
Introduced the Suzuki method at University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point and began the American Suzuki Institute in 1971.

D'Ercole, Patricia. "Margery Aber and the American Suzuki Institute." Wisconsin Academy Review (Spring 1995): 36-37.

Ahnen, Leona
Simons, Kelly. Leona's Legacy: Memories of a Farmer's Daughter. Woodruff, WI: Guest Cottage, 2002.

Aldrich, Hannah
Hannah Aldrich was an immigrant resident of Sylvan Township, Richland County.

Krynski, Elizabeth and Kimberly Little. "Hannah's Letters: the Story of a Wisconsin Pioneer Family, 1856-1864." Wisconsin Magazine of History. Part I: V. 74, no. 3 (Spring 1991), pp. 163-195; Part II: V. 74, no. 4 (Summer 1991), pp. 272-296; Part III: V. 75, no. 1 (August 1991), pp. 39-62.

Alvstad, Ingeborg Holdahl
Reminiscences by Alvstad of her family's emigration from Norway, the sinking of their ship, their settlement in Gilman Township, Pierce County, Wisconsin, in 1889, and her early years there as her family established a farm home. Digitized by the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections as part of the "Wisconsin Pioneer Experience Collection."

Anderson, Louise
Anderson, Louise. After the Sun has Set: Memories of 1898. NY: Vantage Press, 1987.
A year in the life of a 7 year old Wisconsin farm girl.

Anneke, Mathilde Franziska
German born feminist, social reformer, writer, and educator who established the Milwaukee Tochterschule, a school for girls.

Bank, Michaela. Women of Two Countries: German-American Women, Women's Rights and Nativism, 1848-1890. New York: Berghahn, 2012.
On Anneke and two other women, Clara Neymann and Mathilde Wendt.

Conk, Margo and Renny Harrigan. "Recovering Our Past: Mathilde Franziska Anneke (1817-1884)." Feminist Collections 7, 3 (Spring 1986): 3-6.

Krueger, Lillian. "Madame Mathilde Franziska Anneke: An Early Wisconsin Journalist." Wisconsin Magazine of History 21 (1937/38): 160-167.

"Mathilde Franziska Anneke." Entry in the Encyclopedia of Revolutions of 1848, maintained by James G. Chastain. .

McDonnell, Judith. "Anneke, Mathilde Franziska Giesler (1817-1884)." In European Immigrant Women in the United States: A Biographical Dictionary, ed. by Judy Barrett Litoff and Judith McDonnell (New York: Garland, 1994): 5-6.

Piepke, Susan L. Mathilde Franziska Anneke (1817-1884): The Works and Life of a German-American Activist. New York: Peter Lang, 2005.

Appel, Livia
Appel was copy editor at the State Historical Society from 1948-1956.
Prucha, Francis Paul. "Livia Appel and the Art of Copyediting: a Personal Memoir." Wisconsin Magazine of History 79, 4 (1996): 364-380.

Ashmun, Margaret
Ashmun was an author from Rural, Wisconsin.

Wales, Julia G. "Margaret Ashmun: Wisconsin Author and Educator." Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters 34 (1942): 221-29. (Click on the article from the table of contents)

Baird, Elizabeth Therese
Baird, Elizabeth T. Reminiscences of Life in Territorial Wisconsin. Wisconsin Historical Collections, vol 15 (Madison: Democrat Printing Company, 1900): 205-263. Digitized by the Wisconsin Historical Society.

Baird, Elizabeth T. O-De-Jit-Wa-Win-Ning. Green Bay, WI: Heritage Hill Foundation, 1998.
The memoirs of a woman who "lived through the evolution of the Wisconsin territory from an untamed wilderness to a thriving state and center of commerce and agriculture." [quotation from distributor, the Brown County Historical Society.]

Thomas, Kathleen M.W. "Elizabeth Therese Baird: a French-Indian Upbringing in the Nineteenth Century." Voyageur: Northeast Wisconsin's Historical Review 27, 1 (Summer/Fall2010): 24-33.

Barney, Maginel Wright Enright
Barney, Maginel W. Valley of the God-Almighty Jones: Reminiscences of Frank Lloyd Wright's Sister, Maginel Wright Barney. With Tom Burke. New York: Appleton-Century, 1965.

Hamilton, Mary Jane. "Maginel Wright Barney: An Artist in Her Own Right." Wisconsin Academy Review 38, 4 (Fall 1992): 4-11.

Ortakales, Denise. "Maginel Wright Enright Barney" web page, updated 24 August 2002.

Berger, Meta
Berger (1873-1944) was an advocate for socialism, public education, women's rights and peace.

Berger, Meta. A Milwaukee Woman's Life on the Left: the Autobiography of Meta Berger, edited by Kimberly Swanson. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 2000. Chapter 5: "A Socialist in Congress!" digitized by the Wisconsin Historical Society. An interview with Swanson about Berger appeared as "A Milwaukee Woman's Life on the Left," in Wisconsin Magazine of History 85, 3 (2002): 56-57.

Berger, Victor and Berger, Meta. The Family Letters of Victor and Meta Berger 1894-1929. Edited by Michael E. Stevens. Madison : State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1995.

Stevens, Michael. "A Political Partnership: The Marrige of Victor and Meta Berger. Milwaukee History 19, 3 (1996): 95-104.

Billings, Sara
Sara Billings, letters 1864. Three letters, written August 20, September 2 and 21, 1864, by Sara Billings of Woodlawn, Wisconsin, to her brother, Captain Levi Billings of Company K, 28th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment, containing details of everyday life and family members' activities. Digitized by University of Wisconsin Digital Collections as part of the Wisconsin Goes to War: Our Civil War Experience Collection.

Bock, Sadie Padley
Bock, Sadie Padley. Stagecoach to Jet in Three Generations. New York: Vantage Press, 1978 (49 p.)

Boyer, Gene
Feminist leader and businesswoman from Beaver Dam.
"Women's Movement Loses Champion and Visionary Organizer; In Memoriam: NOW Founder Gene Boyer." National Organization for Women, 2003.

Bradford, Mary Davison
Bradford, Mary Davison. Pioneers! O Pioneers!: Her Autobiography. Evansville, WI: Antes Press, 1937? Online as Memoirs as Mary D. Bradford: Autobiographical and Historical Reminiscences of Education In Wisconsin, Through Progressive Service From Rural School Teaching to City Superintendent as part of the Kenosha County Wisconsin GenWeb Project.
Reminiscenses of Kenosha teacher and superintendent of schools, who lived from 1856 to 1943.

Her memoirs were first published in eight installments in Jensen, Don. "Mary D. Bradford: Education Pioneer," Kenosha (Kenosha News).

She was profiled in "Education: Knitting Warrior," Time Magazine, April 18, 1938.

Brainerd, Mary Pease
Four Letters written by Mary ("Molly") Brainerd from rural Danville, Dodge County, Wis. to relatives in Michigan in the 1880s. Digitized by University of Wisconsin Digital Collections as part of the "Wisconsin Pioneer Experience Collection."

Brinton, Beulah
Social activist and midwife who arrived in Bay View in 1870.

Kursch, Daisy Estes. "Beulah Brinton of Bay View." Milwaukee History 10, 2 (1987): 38-46.

Brise, Adele

Park, Karen E. "The Negotiation of Authority at a Frontier Marian Apparition Site: Adele Brise and Our Lady of Good Help," American Catholic Studies 123, 3 (Fall 2012): 1-26.

Josie Broadhead
Bilen, Wendy. Finding Josie. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2008. Excerpted in "Finding Josie." Wisconsin Magazine of History 91, 4 (2008): 16-19. (The author uncovers the story of her grandmother who lived on a La Crosse dairy farm in the early 1900’s.)

Brown, Olympia
Universalist Church minister, orator, and president of the Woman Suffrage Association of Wisconsin for 28 years. Brown lived from 1835-1926.

Brown, Olympia. Acquaintances, Old and New, Among Reformers. 1911. Digitized as part of the American Memory Project, Library of Congress.

Brown, Olympia. "Olympia Brown: an Autobiography." Journal of the Universalist Historical Society 4 (1963): 1-77. Olympia Brown's daughter, Gwendolen B. Willis, edited this autobiography, drawn from her mother's memoirs Acquaintances, Old and New, Among Reformers, privately published, 1911 (see above).

Cote, Charlotte. Olympia Brown: the Battle for Equality. Racine: Mother Courage Press, 1988.

Greene, Dana ed. Suffrage and Religious Principle: Speeches and Writings of Olympia Brown. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1983.

Isenberg, Nancy Gale. "A Victory for Truth: The Feminist Ministry of Olympia Brown." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1983.

Jackson, Susan. and Isabel O'Hanlon. "Olympia Brown," in Women of Courage: Ten North Country Pioneers in Profile. Potsdam, N.Y. : American Association of University Women, St. Lawrence County Branch, 1989.

Neu, Charles E. "Olympia Brown and the Woman Suffrage Movement." Wisconsin Magazine of History 43 (Summer 1960): 277-287.

Noble, Laurie Carter. "Olympia Brown," Dictionary of Unitarian and Universalist Biography.

Rury, John and Glenn Harper. "The Trouble with Coeducation: Mann and Women at Antioch, 1853-1860." History of Education Quarterly 26, 4 (1986): 481-502.
Differing views of the meaning of coeducation between Antioch president Horace Mann and student Brown.

"Wisconsin's Legal History: Olympia Brown,"Wisconsin Lawyer

Buck, Florence
Conner, Alice Anne. "The Rev. Florence Buck: Crusader for women," Kenosha ( Kenosha News). Requires registration to access.

Byington, Mary
Byington, Mary. Woman Operator on the Milwaukee Railroad During World War II : A Memoir. Timber Lake, SD : M. Byington, 1998.

Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947
A suffrage leader born in Wisconsin. Her diaries from 1911-1912, written during a trip around the world, are in the Wisconsin Historical Society Archives (Wis Mss QP MAD 4/24/J3)

Chapelle, Dickey, 1919-1995
War correspondent and photojournalist.
Her papers are in the Wisconsin Historical Society. See the online Finding Aid.
Chapelle, Dickey. What's a Woman Doing Here? A Reporter's Report on Herself. New York: Morrow, 1962.
Ostroff, Roberta. Fire in the Wind: The Life of Dickey Chappelle.New York: Ballentine, 1992.

Cheatham, Jeannie
Jazz musician whose autobiography includes coverage of her time teaching at University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Cheatham, Jeannie. Meet Me with Your Black Drawers On: My Life in Music. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2006. See parts Welcome to Wisconsin -- On the move in Madison -- Movin’ an’ moanin’, groovin’ an’ groanin’ in Madison.

Clarenbach, Kathryn Frederick.
Organizer of the National Women's Political Caucus, first chair of N.O.W., planner of the National Women's Conference (1977), chair of the Governor's Commission on the Status of Women for fifteen years, University of Wisconsin-Extension professor, and director of continuing education programs for women. Her papers are in the University of Wisconsin Archives (Finding Aid online). There is also a lengthy set of oral history interviews that have been digitized as part of the University of Wisconsin Digital Collection. The interviews were conducted by Margaret Andreason in 1987-89.

Chesler, Ellen. "Lives Well Lived: Kathryn F. Clarenbach." The New York Times Magazine (January 1, 1995): 25.

Many articles by and about Kathryn Clarenbach are available in the University of Wisconsin Digital Collection. Search for "Clarenbach" from the search page. These are some of the results:

  • Swoboda, Marian J.; Roberts, Audrey J., Women Emerge in the Seventies (University women : a series of essays, Volume III). Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin System, Office of Women, 1980. Select Chapter 15: Continuing Education: a Personal view, by Clarenbach, Kathryn F. pp. 121-129 ff.
  • Swoboda, Marian J.; Roberts, Audrey J.; Hirsch, Jennifer, Women on Campus in the Eighties : Old Struggles, New Victories (University women : a series of essays, Volume IV). Madison, Wisconsin: Office of Equal Opportunity Programs and Policy Studies, 1993. Select Chapter 1: Women's Studies Outreach: Evolution at Extension, by Clarenbach, Kathryn F.; Niles, Dolores H. pp. 1-10.
  • Transforming Women's Education : the History of Women's Studies in the University of Wisconsin System. Madison, Wisconsin: Office of University of Publications for the University of Wisconsin System, Women's Studies Consortium, 1999. See especially Chapter 2: Extension Leads the Way for Women, pp. 31-56.
  • The Badger Yearbooks for 1940 (p. 158 and 248) and 1941 (p. 92 and 280) have pictures of Kathryn Frederick.

    Connor, Cecilia
    Connor, Lafayette. Cecilia: the Trials of an Amazing Ojibwe woman, 1834-1892. Danbury, WI: Burnett County Historical Society, 2006.

    Conroy, Catherine
    Telephone worker and Communications Workers of America member; active in Coalition of Labor Union Women.
    Oral History Interview, conducted by Elizabeth Balanoff, Milwaukee, 1976.The interview was conducted in conjunction an oral history project at the University of Michigan and was digitized by Roosevelt University Oral History Project in Labor History.

    Curtin, Alma Cardell
    Mikos, Michael J. "Alma Cardell Curtin, the Woman Behind Jeremiah Curtin." Milwaukee History 13 (1990): 53-68.
    Jeremiah was a linguist and ethnologist. This article suggests that Alma should be credited with authorship of her husband's memoirs. See also "New Light on the Relationaship between Henryk Sienkiewicz and Jeremiah Curtin," by Michael J. Mikos, Slavic Review 50, 2 (1991): 422-432, which makes a similar point.

    Davis, Ethel (Maahs)
    Kept a scrapbook of clippings from the Dodgeville area from the 1930s-1970s.

    Maahs scrapbook: book number 1, book number 2, book number 3

    Deer, Ada

    Ada’s retirement: UW Says Goodbye to Ada Deer. Madison: American Indian Studies Program, 2007. (33 min. DVD).

    Fanlund, Lari. "Indians in Wisconsin: A Conversation With Ada Deer." Wisconsin Trails: the Magazine of Life in Wisconsin 24 (March/April 1983):8-21.

    Elkins, Frances
    Innovative interior designer, born in Milwaukee.
    Salny, Stephen M. Frances Elkins: Interior Design. New York: Norton, 2005.

    Elm, Nancy Danforth
    Oneida elder and grandmother of the filmmaker. Hinton is also an Oneida elder and fluent speaker of the Oneida language.
    Danforth, Michelle and Wisconsin Public Television. She Who Walks: the Story of Nancy Danforth Elm and Maria Christjohn Hinton (video). Green Bay: WPT, 2002.

    Faust, Amelia Pedersen
    Phillips, Peggy A. Millie's Story: Black River Country after the Frontier. Black River Falls: Published by Odana Press for the Jackson County Historical Society, 1994.

    Fennema, Elizabeth
    University of Wisconsin-Madison scholar of gender and mathematics.

    Morrow, Charlene. "Elizabeth Fennema (1928 -)." In Notable Women in Mathematics: A Biographical Dictionary, ed. by Charlene Morrow and Teri Perl ( Westport, CT; Greenwood, 1998): 51-56.

    Ferber, Edna
    Novelist Ferber (1887-1968) grew up in Appleton and worked on newspapers in Wisconsin.

    Edna Ferber: Selected Resources from the Appleton Public Library site includes photographs, articles she wrote in the Appleton Post-Crescent newspaper and more.

    "Edna Ferber." Excerpt from Wisconsin Authors and Their Works, by Charles Rounds (1918):

    Ferber, Edna. A Peculiar Treasure (autobiography). Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1960.
    Ferber discusses her early years, including her experiences as a newspaper writer in Milwaukee.

    Gilbert, Julie Goldsmith. Ferber, a Biography. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1978.

    Roberts, James P. Famous Wisconsin authors. Oregon, WI : Badger Books Inc., c2002.

    Shapiro, Ann R. "Edna Ferber, Jewish American Feminist," Shofar 20, 2 (2002): 52-60.
    Ferber had early experiences with ant-Semitism, yet in her novels created an idealized America, where people of any group could succeed, without prejudice.

    Stevens, John. "Edna Ferber's Journalistic Roots." American Journalism 12, 4 (1995): 497-501.

    Zimmerman, Mark. "Edna Ferber," Encyclopedia of the Self, n.d.
    Iincludes links to digitized excerpts from her publications, photographs, etc.

    Frackelton, Susan S.
    Milwaukee artist.
    Korenic, Lynette Marie. "The Decorative Fire of Susan S. Frackelton: China Painting, Art Pottery, and Book Illumination." Ph.D. diss., University of California, Santa Barbara, 2006.

    Frey, Gertrude M. Neugebauer
    Jorgenson, Shirley D. Gertrude's People. Madison: Stonefield Publishers, 1994.
    Biography of woman from Beaver Dam.

    Gale, Zona
    Burt, Elizabeth. "Rediscovering Zona Gale, Journalist." American Journalism 12, 4 (1995): 444-61.

    Derleth, August. Still Small Voice: The Biography of Zona Gale. New York: Appleton-Century Co., 1940.

    Forman, Henry James. "Zona Gale: A Touch of Greatness." Wisconsin Magazine of History 46 (1962-63): 32-37.

    Gibbs, Janet Frances. Zona Gale: Pulitzer Playwright, Social Activist, 20th Century Literary Comet. Ph.D. diss., Drew University, 2010.

    Rux, Paul Philip. Zona Gale: Library Pioneer. Janesville: 1984? 79 slides, 1 audio tape and bibliography on author Gale (1874-1938).

    Simonson, Harold Peter. Zona Gale. New York: Twayne, 1962.

    "Zona Gale." Excerpt from Wisconsin Authors and Their Works, by Charles Rounds (1918):

    Zona Gale: Her Live and Writings (video). Writer and producer Jocelyn Riley. Madison: Jocelyn Riley Productions, 1988.

    Garcia, Jessie
    Madison-born sportscaster.
    Garcia, Jessie. My Life with the Green and Gold: Tales from 20 Years of Sportscasting. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2013.

    Gerry, Eloise
    Dr. Eloise Gerry: Scientist-Author-Teacher. Forest History Society website accessed December 12, 2005 [noted no longer online, 8/2008]

    McBeath, Lida W. "Eloise Gerry: a Woman of Forest Science." Journal of Forest History 22, 3 (1978): 128-135.

    Gibbons, Anna
    Portage County native who had a career as a circus side-show performer.

    Klem, Amelia. "A Life of Her Own Choosing: Anna Gibbons’ Fifty Years as a Tattooed Lady." Wisconsin Magazine of History 89, 3 (Spring 2006): 28-39.

    Gockel, Mary
    From Glen Haven.
    Thuente, Clement Marie. A Sketch of the Life and Work of Mary Gockel. Milwaukee: Missionary Association of Catholic Women Publishers: 1926.

    Goodell, Lavinia
    Rhoda Lavinia Goodell (1839-1880), originally from Utica, New York, moved to Janesville in 1871 and was admitted to the bar in Rock County in 1874.

    Cleary, Catherine B. "Lavinia Goodell, First Woman Lawyer in Wisconsin." Wisconsin Magazine of History 74, 4 (1991): 243-271.

    Davis, Paulette and Janet LaBrie. History's Ms. Stories: Lavinia Goodell, Wisconsin's First Female Attorney. 1 DVD (72 minutes). Janet LaBrie interviews Paulette Davis, who reenacts the life of Goodell.

    Derichsweiler, Teresa M. "The Life of Lavinia Goodell Wisconsin's First Woman Lawyer." Student paper at Stanford Law School, 1997.

    Norgren, Jill. "Lavinia Goddell: 'A Sweeping Revolution of Social Order,'" in Rebels At the Bar, New York: New York University Press, 2013: 44-73.

    "Pioneers in the Law: Rhoda Lavinia Goodell.."Wisconsin Bar Association website:

    Schier, Mary Lahr. Strong-minded Woman: the Story of Lavinia Goodell, Wisconsin's First Female Lawyer. Northfield, MN : Midwest History Press, c2001 (suitable for young readers).

    Gramlich, Teresa
    Nugent, Rosamond. Buried Wheat. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishing Co., 1967.
    On Mother Gabriel, of the Franciscan Sisters of Christian Charity, Manitowoc.

    Gratiot, Susan Hempstead, b. 1797
    19th cent. pioneer in Lafayette County
    Bale, Florence Gratiot. "A Packet of Old Letters." Wisconsin Magazine of History 11, 2 (December 1927): 153-168. Introduction and excerpts from her letters.

    Grignon, Mary Elizabeth Meade
    Crane, Virginia G. "History and Family Values, a Good Wife's Tale: Mary Elizabeth Meade Grignon of Kaukauna, 1837-1898." Wisconsin Magazine of History 80 (1997): 179-200.

    Grotenrath, Ruth
    Artist from Milwaukee.

    Montgomery, Susan. In Celebration: The Life and Art of Ruth Grotenrath. West Bend: Museum of Wisconsin Art, distributed by University of Wisconsin Press, 2011.

    Hamilton, Velma
    African American Madison educator.
    Basurto, Pauline Elisabeth. Velma Fern Bell Hamilton, 1929-2009: Education and Integration: Thought, Word and Deed in Madison, Wisconsin. M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, 2009.

    Hamerstrom, Frances
    Wildlife biologist, expert on raptors, and author of twelve books and over 150 scientific papers. She came to Wisconsin in the 1930s and lived with her husband in a farmhouse near Plainfield.

    Corneli, Helen M. "The Hamerstroms: Conservation Pioneers in Hard Times." Wisconsin Magazine of History 82, 4 (Summer 1999): 255-286.

    Corneli, Helen M. Mice in the Freezer, Owls on the Porch: The Lives of Naturalists Frederick and Frances Hamerstrom. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002.

    Frederick Hamerstrom. Frances Hamerstrom. Induction, Wisconsin Conservation Hall of Fame, 1996.

    Hamerstrom, Frances. My Double Life: Memoirs of a Naturalist. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1994. Excerpted in "Fran Hamerstrom: A Passion for the Wild and Free," Wisconsin Academy Review 41, 2 (Spring 1995): 4-10.

    Harnack, Mildred Fish
    American English instructor and anti-Nazi activist in Germany, she was the only American civilian publically tried and executed inside the Third Reich.

    Brysac, Shereen Blair. Resisting Hitler : Mildred Harnack and the Red Orchestra. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

    Garson, Sandra. "Better Not Write, But Don't Forget Me." The Wisconsin Alumnus 87, 4 (May/June 1986): 9-12 (click on the article from the table of contents page).

    Honoring Mildred Fish Harnack: From Wisconsin Born and Educated to Resistance Fighter During World War II With the Red Orchestra Movement (a virtual exhibit with primary sources).

    Nelson, Anne. Red Orchestra: The Story of the Berlin Underground and the Circle of Friends Who Resisted Hitler. New York: Random House, 2009.

    Wisconsin's Nazi Resistance: The Mildred Fish-Harnack Story (video), produced by Joel Waldinger, Wisconsin Public Television. Madison, 2011. Associated website.

    Harvey, Cordelia A. Perrine
    Widow of Wisconsin governor Louis Harvey, Cordelia successfully lobbied with President Lincoln to bring wounded Union soldiers to Wisconsin for treatment.

    Various reports and correspondence to and from Harvey are in the Wisconsin Goes to War: Our Civil War Experience digital collection. Harvey items include: Correspondence, 1862-64, Reports compiled by Doctors and forwarded by Mrs. Harvey, 1863-1864 (Vicksburg 1864), letters, 1910-1913, and typed transcriptions, 1910-1914. Digitized by University of Wisconsin Digital Collections as part of the Wisconsin Goes to War: Our Civil War Experience Collection.

    Ernst, Kathleen. "An Angel From Wisconsin." Civil War Times Illustrated 28, 1 (1989):20-25.

    Harrsch, Patricia G. "The Noble Monument: The Story of the Soldiers' Orphans' Home." Wisconsin Magazine of History 76, 2 (Winter 1992/3): 82-120.
    Established in 1866 at the urging of Cordelia Harvey.

    Kann, Bob. Cordelia Harvey: Civil War Angel. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2011.

    McKinney, Mrs. William. "Mrs. Cordelia A. P. Harvey." Sketches of Wisconsin Pioneer Women. (Fort Atkinson, Wis. : Hoard & Sons, [1924?]): 47-49. In the Wisconsin Electronic Reader,
    Mrs. Cordelia A. P. Harvey. Biography on the Second Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Association (reenactors organization) website accessed July 28, 2003. Includes text from McKinney above.

    Solem, Jane Walrath. Wisconsin Angel: Cordelia Harvey, Civil War Heroine. Lake Mills: Hartington Press, 2009.

    Hastings, Lucy
    Correspondence in the 1850s and 1860s, including an 1855 description of moving from Massachusetts to Oxford, Wisconsin, and information on Indians around Oxford, moving to Eau Claire in 1857, and an Indian panic there in 1862. Digitized by University of Wisconsin Digital Collections as part of the "Wisconsin Pioneer Experience Collection."

    H'Doubler, Margaret
    Vertinsky, Patricia. "From Physical Educators to Mothers of the Dance: Margaret H'Doubler and Martha Hill," International Journal of the History of Sport 27, 7 (May 2010): 1113-1132. H'Doubler established the first university degree program in dance education at the University of Wisconsin in 1927. Her student Hill went on to teach at Bennington.

    Heard, Regie
    Heard, Regie and Bonnie Langenhahn. Regie's Love: a Daughter of Former Slaves Recalls and Reflects. Menomonee Falls: McCormick and Schilling, 1987.
    Born in Arkansas, African American Regie Heard moved to Milwaukee when she married. She and her husband operated the Angel Food Teashop restaurant in a Milwaukee mansion from 1926-1936.

    Hinton, Maria Christjohn
    Oneida elder and fluent speaker of the Oneida language.

    Danforth, Michelle and Wisconsin Public Television. She Who Walks: the Story of Nancy Danforth Elm and Maria Christjohn Hinton (video). Green Bay: WPT, 2002.

    Hoard, Mary
    Starke, William. Remembering Mary Hoard, A Very Special Lady. Fort Atkinson: Fort Atkinson Historical Society, 2007.

    Hoban, Margaret
    Tolan, Sally. "Margaret Hoben: Educator." Milwaukee History 8 (Spring 1985): 11-23.

    Holz, Alice
    Hold, Alice. "Memories of the Milwaukee Leader." Milwaukee History 13, 1 (1990): 18-25.
    A labor movement leader reminisces about the newspaper.

    Hooper, Jessie Annette
    Suffrage speaker, Democratic Party leader, and peace activist from Oshkosh. Her papers, mainly from 1920-35, are in the Wisconsin Historical Society (various locations).

    Smith, James Howell. "Mrs. Ben Hooper of Oshkosh: Peace Worker and Politician." Wisconsin Magazine of History 46 (1962/63): 124-135.

    Hoxie, Vinnie Ream

    Cooper, Edward S. Vinnie Ream: An American Sculptor. Chicago: Academy Chicago, 2004.

    DeBirny, Cecile Ream. "Vinnie Ream." Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine 107, 2 (1973): 88-103.

    Stathis, Stephen W. and Lee Roderick. "Mallet, Chisel, and Curls." American Heritage 27, 2 (1976): 44-47, 94-96.

    Vinnie Ream Hoxie on the Arlington National Cemetery website.

    "Vinnie Ream Hoxie" by Patricia Chadwick on the History's Women website [article in process of being replaced, 12/12/2005].

    Vinnie Ream Hoxie website. Last accessed December 12, 2005.

    Huey, Mrs. Thomas
    Address (transcript), 1924, in which she reminisces about her life in Dunn County, Wisconsin, between 1863 and 1883. Digitized by University of Wisconsin Digital Collections as part of the "Wisconsin Pioneer Experience Collection."

    Hunter, Amy Louise
    A graduate of the Yale School of Medicine and its public health program, Hunter was Director of the Bureau of Maternal and Child Health of the Wisconsin Board of Health.

    Adams, Sean Patrick. "Who Guards Our Mothers, Who Champions Our Kids? Amy Louise Hunter and Maternal and Child Health in Wisconsin, 1935-1960." Wisconsin Magazine of History 83, 3 (2000): 181-201.

    Hurd, Ann Augusta Jaquins and Hurd, Mary Olivia
    Hurd, Ann A. Letters of Ann Augusta Jaquins Hurd and Mary Olivia Hurd Arno, 1858-1897. Edited by Helen H. Cooperman. Chicago: H.H. Cooperman, 1988.
    Late nineteenth-century mother-daughter correspondence in central Wisconsin.

    James, Ada
    Finding aid to her papers in the Wisconsin Historical Society, and selected folders from that collection digitized by the University of Wisconsin Libraries.

    James, Ada and Hooper, Jessie Annette
    Graves, Lawrence. "Two Noteworthy Wisconsin Women: Mrs. Ben Hooper and Ada James." Wisconsin Magazine of History 41 (1957/58): 174-180.

    Jastrow, Rachel
    Rachel Jastrow started the Madison chapter of Hadassah, a national Jewish women's organization founded by her sister, Henrietta Szold.

    Levin, Alexandra Lee. "The Jastrows in Madison: A Chronicle of University Life, 1888-1900." Wisconsin Magazine of History 46 (1962/63): 243-256.

    Jennings, Janet
    Walsh, John Evangelist. "Forgotten Angel: The Story of Janet Jennings and the Seneca." Wisconsin Magazine of History 81, 4 (1998): 267-293.

    Jones, Nellie Kedzie Sawyer
    Jones (1858-1956) was a leader in establishing the study of home economics on the college level.

    Jones, Nellie Kedzie Sawyer. "Nellie Kedzie Jones's Advice to Farm Women: Letters From Wisconsin, 1912-1916," edited by Jeanne Hunnicott Delgado. Wisconsin Magazine of History 57 (1973): 3-27. Also published by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin in its "Wisconsin Stories" Series.

    Jordan, Elizabeth Garver
    See chapter in Wisconsin Authors and Their Works, edited by Charles Ralph Rounds. Madison, Wis. : Parker Educational Co., 1918.

    Kander, Lizzie Black
    Kander assembled The Settlement Cookbook (the 1910 edition, excerpts digitized by the Wisconsin Historical Society).

    Fritz, Angela. "Lizzie Black Kander and Culinary Reform in Milwaukee, 1880-1920." Wisconsin Magazine of History 87, 3 (2004): 36-49.

    Johnson, Beth DiNatale. "Kander, Lizzie Black, 1858-1940." In Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, ed. by Paula E. Hyman and Deborah Dash Moore (New York: Carlson Press, 1997): V. I: 717-718.

    Kann, Bob. A Recipe for Success: Lizzie Kander and her Cookbook. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2007 (for children).

    Uebelherr, Jan. "100 years of 'The Settlement'." Milwaukee Journal Sentinel April 18, 2001.

    Waligorski, Ann Shirley. Social Action and Women: the Experience of Lizzie Black Kander. M.A. Thesis, University of Wisconsin, 1970.

    Keenan, Irene N.
    Winnebago member.
    Riley, Jocelyn, producer. Big Sister, Little Sister (video). Madison: Her Own Words, 1995.

    Kellogg, Louise Phelps

    Kinnett, David. "Miss Kellogg's Quiet Compassion." Wisconsin Magazine of History 62, 4( 1971): 267-299.

    Kluge, Cora Lee
    Professor of German, University of Wisconsin-Madison
    Oral history interview, 2007, digitized in the University of Wisconsin Digital Collection

    Kohler, Ruth de Young

    Mitchell, Bonnie. "Wade House Serves as a Lasting Memorial to History-Minded Wisconsin Woman," Wisconsin Then and Now 15, 6 (1968): 1-4. Ruth De Young worked for the Chicago Tribune as a writer and editor. After she married Herbert Kohler of Wisconsin, she moved to Wisconsin and was active on many local and state historical projects, including the restoration of Wade House.

    Kinzie, Mrs. John H.
    Bogue, Margaret Beattie. "As She Knew Them: Juliette Kinzie and the Ho-Chunk, 1830-1833." Wisconsin Magazine of History 85, 2 (Winter 2001-2002): 44-57.

    Kinzie, Mrs. John H. Wau-Bun: the "Early Day" in the Northwest. Introduction by Nina Baym. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1992.
    Mrs. Kinzie (1806-1870) originally published her description of pioneer life and Fort Winnebago, Wisconsin, in 1856. It has been published in numerous editions, including one edited with notes and introduction by Eleanor Kinzie Gordon (1901), and one with notes and introduction by Louise Phelps Kellogg (1948 and 1975). The 1873 edition was digitized by the Library of Congress's American Memory Project.

    Purdy, Helen M. "Mrs. John H. Kenzie." In Sketches of Wisconsin Pioneer Women. (Fort Atkinson, Wis.: Hoard & Sons, [1924?]): 95-97. In the Wisconsin Electronic Reader:

    La Budde, Wilhemine Diefenthaeler
    Elsner, Jennifer M. "Wilhe[l]mina Diefenthaeler La Budde and Wisconsin Women's Involvement in Forest Conservation, 1925-1955." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2000.

    La Follette, Belle Case
    Belle: the Life and Writings of Belle Case La Follette (video). Writer and producer Jocelyn Riley. Madison: 1987.
    Uses photographs and words of Belle Case La Follette (1859-1931), who describes her views of her home, family, and life with her husband Robert M. La Follette (U.S. congressman and senator, Wisconsin governor) and her leadership role in suffrage, peace and progressive movements.

    Freeman, Lucy; La Follette, Sherry; Zabriskie, George A. Belle: the Biography of Belle Case La Follette. New York: Beaufort Publishers, 1985.

    Montgomery, Dee A. "Intellectual Profile of Belle Case La Follette: Progressive Editor, Political Strategist, and Feminist." Ph.D. diss., Indiana University, 1975.

    "Pioneers in the Law: Belle Case La Follette." Wisconsin Bar Association website:

    Riley, Jocelyn. "Belle Case La Follette." Wisconsin Academy Review 34, 2 (March 1988): 20-23. (Click on the article from the table of contents.)

    Unger, Nancy C. "The Two Worlds of Belle Case La Follette." Wisconsin Magazine of History 83, 2 (Winter 1999/2000): 83-110.
    Adapted from the chapter "Belle Case La Follette: Women's Victory, Women's Tragedy," in Unger's Fighting Bob La Follette: The Righteous Reformer (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000).

    Laird, Helen Connor
    Laird, Helen L. A Mind of Her Own: Helen Connor Laird and Her Family, 1888-1982. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2005.
    A leader in politics and education on the community and state level, Helen C. Laird was the mother of Secretary of Defense Melvin R. Laird, Jr., and grandmother of Wisconsin First Lady Jessica Doyle.

    Lenroot, Clara (Clough)
    Lenroot, Clara (Clough). Long, Long Ago. Appleton, WI: Badger Printing Co., 1929.
    Reminiscences of mid-nineteenth century Wisconsin childhood.

    Lerner, Gerda
    The doyenne of the field of women's history and professor emerita at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

    Fischer, Joan. "Resistance and Triumph: an Interview With Gerda Lerner," Wisconsin Academy Review Spring 2002 (being digitized in the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections)

    Lerner, Gerda, Fireweed: a Political Autobiography. Philadelphia : Temple University Press, 2002.

    "Lerner, Gerda (1920- )." In American Women Historians 1700s-1990s: A Biographical Dictionary, by Jennifer Scanlon and Shaaron Cosner (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996): 144-146.

    Strasser, Judith. "Pioneering Professor: Gerda Lerner." Re://Collections, Jewish Women's Archive Newsletter 1, 2 (Fall 1999).

    Levy, Augusta
    Levy, Augusta. "Recollections of a Pioneer Woman of La Crosse." Edited by A.H. Sanford. Proceedings of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin 59 (1911): 201-15.
    Mid-nineteenth century La Crosse.

    Lund, Alice Dahlin
    Lund, Alice Dahlin. "I Want to Write About My Days of a Slower Progress," in Writings of Farm Women 1840-1940: an Anthology, by Carol Fairbanks and Bergine Haakenson (New York: Garland, 1990): 95-123.
    Selection from memoir of life in West Sweden, Wisconsin, in 1860s and 1870s.

    Lurie, Nancy Oestreich
    "Nancy Oestreich Lurie." In Women Anthropologists: Selected Biographies, edited by Uta Gacs, et al (New York: Greenwood, 1988); reprinted in Wisconsin Archeologist 74 (1993): 3-9, with updated information by Dawn Scher and Carter Lupton.

    Lynde, Mary Blanchard
    Langill, Ellen D. Speaking with an Equal Voice: The Reform Efforts of Milwaukee's Mary Blanchard Lynde." Wisconsin Magazine of History 87, 1 (2003): 18-29.

    Maidhood, Edna
    Dodgeville teacher, editor, and poet.

    Maidhood, Edna. Rose Jar: The Autobiography of Edna Maidhood. Madison: North Country Press, 1990.

    Marinette, -- Queen of the Menominees, 1793-1865
    Johnson, Beverly Hayward . Queen Marinette: Spirit of Survival on The Great Lakes Frontier. Amasa, MI : White Water Associates, 1995.
    Biography of a "French and Native American woman who lived near the mouth of the Menominee River during the early 1800s. An intelligent, competent and respected businesswoman, for whom the city Marinette, Wisconsin is named." [Quotation from the distributor, the Brown County Historical Society.]

    Martin, Mary Laurentine
    Views From My Schoolroom Window: The Diary of School Teacher Mary Laurentine Martin, edited by Jennifer Cain Bohrnstedt. Authorhouse, 2006.
    Account of a 19th century Janesville woman who started teaching school at age 15.

    McCormick, Mary
    Missionary from Milwaukee.
    Mueller, Donald J. and Jacquelilne Hansen Maggiore. Fluent in Faith: the Gift of Mary McCormick. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 2012.

    McGinty, Maud
    Born in Waupaca County in 1878; teacher of the deaf, in Wisconsin and Michigan.
    Plant, Nancy K. "She Taught Him to 'Hear with His Eyes'"(and second digitized part) Wisconsin Magazine of History 93, 1 (2009): 36-47.

    McKay, Nellie Y.
    UW-Madison Professor of African American Studies, Women's Studies, and English.
    Moody, Jocelyn. "Nellie McKay: A Memorial," African American Review 40, 1 (2006):5-38.

    Blockett, Kimberly and Rutledge, Gregory, ed. "'The Nellie Tree': Or, Disbanding the Wheatley Court," African American Review 40, 1 (2006):39-66.

    Mead, Theta
    Jensen, Joan M. "The World of Theta Mead, County Nurse: Private and Public Health Care in Rural Wisconsin, 1900-1922." Wisconsin Magazine of History 92, 3 (2009): 2-15.

    Mears, Helen Farnsworth (1871-1916)
    Ella, Janet. "Sculptor Helen Farnsworth Mears." Wisconsin Academy Review 32, 2 (March 1986): 19-22. (Click on the article from the table of contents.)

    Green, Susan Porter. Helen Farnsworth Mears. Oshkosh: Castle-Pierce Press, 1972.

    Hiles, Mary. "Helen Farnsworth Mears." Voyageur: Northeast Wisconsin's Historical Review 20, 2 (2004): 46-51.

    "The Story of a Statue." (anon.) Wisconsin Then and Now 9, 8 (1969): 1-3.

    Meir, Golda
    Brown, Michael. "The American Element in the Rise of Golda Meir, 1906-1929." Jewish History [Israel] 6, 1-2 (1992): 35-50.

    Meir, Golda. My Life. New York: Putnam, 1975.
    From Russia to Milwaukee to Israel. The section describing her childhood in Milwaukee is excerpted in "A Political Adolescence," Wisconsin Academy Review 43, 1 (Winter 1996/97): 13-19.
    Mendez-Mendez, Serafin. "Golda Meir: The Formation of a Modern Political Leader." Connecticut Review 15, 2 (1993): 37-48.

    Mendenhall, Dorothy Reed
    Physician, lecturer in Maternal and Child Health, University of Wisconsin.

    Her papers are in the Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College. Finding Aid.

    Zwitter M.; Cohen J.R.; Barrett A.; Robinton E.D. "Dorothy Reed and Hodgkin's Disease: a Reflection After a Century," International Journal of Radiation Oncology. 53, 2 (June 2002): 366-375.

    "Dr. Dorothy Reed Mendenhall." Changing the Face of Medicine Exhibit, National Library of Medicine, no date.

    Merrill, Harriet Bell
    University of Wisconsin Zoologist Merrill (d. 1915) did field work in the Amazon.

    Hartridge, Merrillyn L. The Anandrous Journey: Revealing Letters to a Mentor. Amherst Press, 1997.
    Work by Merrill's grand-niece, based on her letters to Edwin A. Birge, Dean of the University of Wisconsin Department of Zoology, and other material.

    Hartridge, Merrillyn L. "H.B. Merrill: Early Wisconsin Scientist and Adventurer." Wisconsin Academy Review 41, 2 (Spring 1995): 16-22.

    Meudt, Edna
    Teacher and poet.
    Meudt, Edna. The Rose Jar: The Autobiography of Edna Meudt. Madison, WI: North CountryPress, 1990.

    Roberts, James P. Famous Wisconsin authors. Oregon, WI : Badger Books Inc., c2002.

    Miller, Ellen Spaulding
    Selections from the Papers of an Eau Claire resident, from 1863 and 1870-1887. The collection consists largely of letters written principally by her to family members who probably lived in New York. The letters reflect domestic life, family relationships, economic conditions, lumbering, religious revivals, and health conditions in the lumbering capital of northwestern Wisconsin. Digitized by University of Wisconsin Digital Collections as part of the "Wisconsin Pioneer Experience Collection."

    Miller, Frieda Segelke
    Miller grew up in La Crosse and graduated from Milwaukee-Downer College. She was director of the U.S. Department of Labor Women's Bureau (1944-53) and later worked for the International Labor Organization and the International Union for Child Welfare.

    Wallace, Teresa Ann. "Frieda Segelke Miller: Reformer and Labor Law Administrator." Ph.D. diss., Boston University, 1983.

    Miner, Harriet Pond Rice
    A Life Well Lived: Memorial of Mrs. H.A. Miner. Madison: Wisconsin Woman's Home Missionary Union, 1918.

    Minoka-Hill, Lillie Rosa
    Reared in a Hicksite Quaker preparatory school and educated at the Woman's Medical College of Philadelphia, Minoka-Hill (1876-1952) married an Oneida Indian from Wisconsin and settled on the Oneida Reservation.
    Apple, Rima D. "Lillie Rosa Minoka-Hill." Women and Health 4, 4 (Winter 1979): 329-31.
    Hill, Roberta Jean. "Dr. Lillie Rosa Minoka-Hill: Mohawk Woman Physician." Ph.D. diss., University of Minnesota, 1999.

    Moesser, Anona (1907-2002)
    Nurse from Green Bay who directed American Red Cross service clubs during World War II.
    Somerville, Lee. "Her Boys." Voyageur: Northeast Wisconsin's Historical Review 21, 1 (2004): 10-15, 17-22.

    Monroe, Margaret Ellen.
    Monroe, Margaret Ellen. Margaret Monroe: Memoirs of a Public Librarian. Madison, WI: Parallel Press, University of Wisconsin--Madison Libraries, 2006.
    Memoirs of a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Library and Information Studies.

    Morris, Mary Ellen Joiner (1848-1940)
    Morris, Mary Ellen Joiner. Sketches From Memory. Resada, CA: Hungerford Press, 1942 (55 p.)

    Morrison, Eliza
    A part Ojibwa woman who lived from 1837-1921.

    A Little History of My Forest Life : an Indian-White Autobiography; edited by Victoria Brehm. Tustin, Mich. : Ladyslipper Press, c2002.

    Mortimer, Mary
    Mortimer (1816-1877) founded Milwaukee Female College.

    Norton, Minerva (Brace). A True Teacher: Mary Mortimer, a Memoir. New York: F.H. Revell, 1894.

    Peterson, Walter F. "Mary Mortimer: A Study in Nineteenth Century Conversion." Journal of Presbyterian History 41, 2 (1963): 80-88.

    Peterson, Walter F. "Mary Mortimer: Continuity and Change at Milwaukee Female College," Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 56 (1967/68): 73-79. (Click on the article from the table of contents.)

    Mountain Wolf Woman
    A Winnebago from Black River Falls, who experienced fully both the traditional lifestyle of her tribe and white society.

    Bataille, Gretchen and Kathleen Mullen Sands. "Culture Change and Continuity: A Winnebago Life." In American Indian Women Telling Their Lives, 69-82. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

    Holliday, Diane Young. Mountain Wolf Woman: a Ho-Chunk Girlhood. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2007 (for children).

    Mountain Wolf Woman. Mountain Wolf Woman, Sister of Crashing Thunder: the Autobiography of a Winnebago Indian, edited by Nancy Ostreich Lurie. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press,1966.

    Mountain Wolf Woman: 1884-1960 (video). Writer and producer Jocelyn Riley. Madison: Her Own Words, 1990.
    Based on Mountain Wolf Woman's autobiography and narrated by her granddaughter.

    Radin, Paul. The Autobiography of a Winnebago Indian. New York: Dover, 1963.

    Munts, Mary Lou
    "Wisconsin Legal History: Mary Lou Munts." Wisconsin Lawyer.

    Nelson-Beale, Arlene
    Nelson-Beale, Arlene. Wait Until I'm Able; edited by Ashley Hays. Shawnee Mission, Kan. : PDP Publications, c1999.

    Newcomb, Kate Pelham
    Woodruff physician who lived from 1886-1956.

    Comandini, Adele. Doctor Kate, Angel on Snowshoes: The Story of Kate Pelham Newcomb. New York: Rinehart, 1956.

    Niedecker, Lorine
    Niedecker was a poet. She had a long correspondence and collaborations with Louis Zukofsky. The Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center at University of Texas has Zukofsky's papers and created a subset called the Niedecker Collection.

    Knox, Jane Shaw. Lorine Niedecker: an Original Biography. Fort Atkinson, WI: Dwight Foster Public Library, 1987.

    Meyer, Wayne. "Lorine Niedecker: A Life by Water." Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters 71, 2 (1983): 1-12. (Click on the article from the table of contents.)

    Penberthy, Jenny "The 'Very Variant': Lorine Neidecker's Manuscript Collection." Library Chronicle of the University of Texas at Austin 22, 1/2 (1992): 113-147.

    Peters, Margot. Lorine Niedecker: A Poet's Life. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2011.

    Pridmore, Jan. A Web Guide to Lorine Niedecker. Updated February 23, 2003. Last accessed December 12, 2005.

    Roub, Gail. "Getting to Know Lorine Niedecker." Wisconsin Academy Review 32, 2 (1986): 37-41.

    Nohl, Mary
    Outsider artist/sculptor from Fox Point.

    Manger, Barbara and Janine Smith. May Nohl: Inside and Outside. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2009.

    O'Keeffe, Georgia
    Artist born in Sun Prairie. She has been the subject of numerous books, articles, videos, and websites. Here are selected website and book citations:

    "Georgia O'Keeffe." ArtCyclopedia entry:

    "Georgia O'Keeffe."

    Hogrefe, Jeffrey. O'Keeffe : the Life of an American Legend. New York, N.Y. : Bantam Books, 1999.

    Lisle, Laurie. Portrait of an Artist : a Biography of Georgia O'Keeffe. Albuquerque : University of New Mexico, c1986.

    Messinger, Lisa Mintz. Georgia O'Keeffe : London : Thames & Hudson, 2001.

    Patten, Christine Taylor and Alvaro Cardona-Hine. Miss O'Keeffe. Alburquerque : University of New Mexico Press, c1992.

    Peters, Sarah Whitaker. Becoming O'Keeffe : the Early Years. New York : Abbeville Press, 1991.

    Robinson, Roxana. Georgia O'Keeffe : a Life. New York : HarperPerennial, 1990, c1989.

    Oleson, Thurine
    Oleson, Thurine. Wisconsin, My Home: the Story of Thurine Oleson, as told to her daughter Erna Oleson Xan. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1950, 1975.

    Olson, Bertha
    Pederson, Jane M. "Gender, Justice, and a Wisconsin Lynching, 1889-1890." Agricultural History 67, 2 (1993): 65-82.
    Olson was tried and convicted of instigating the lynching of her abusive husband.

    Pallone, Jodie
    Pallone, Jodie. Cut over Country: Jodie's Story. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, 1976.
    Rural life in the 1920s.

    Paterson, Anna
    Paterson, Lucille, ed. and trans. "Ephraim Is My Home Now: Letters of Anna and Anders Paterson 1884-1889." Wisconsin Magazine of History. Part I: V. 69, no.3 (Spring 1986), pp. 187-210; Part II: V. 69, no.4 (Summer 1986), pp. 284-304; Part III: V. 70, no. 1 (Autumn 1986), pp. 32-56; and Part IV: V. 70, no.2 (Winter 1986-87), pp. 107-131.

    Peters, Nell
    Peters, Nell. Nell's Story : a Woman from Eagle River. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1995.

    Phillips, Velvalea Rogers
    Politician, state office holder, judge, and civil rights leader
    "Vel Phillips" section of "Selma of the North: Milwaukee and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s" online exhibit, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Library, Division of Archives & Special Collections [no longer online.]
    "Vel Phillips" Topics in Wisconsin History. Wisconsin Historical Society.

    Pietsch, Edna Frida
    Edna Frida Pietsch Collection (1920-1981). Archival collection of a woman composer from Milwaukee.

    Polacheck, Hilda Satt
    Bergland, Betty Ann. Reconstructing the 'Self' in America: Patterns of Immigrant Women's Autobiographies. Ph.D. diss., University of Minnesota, 1990.
    Polacheck's autobiography is one of the three analyzed by Bergland.

    Polacheck, Hilda Satt. I Came a Stranger: The Story of a Hull-House Girl, edited by Dena J. Polacheck Epstein. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989.
    Wisconsin focus in Part IV: "Family Life and Politics in Milwaukee, 1912-29."

    Porter, Ann Eliza Bacon
    Porter, Lillian R. Choice Seed in the Wilderness. Rockland, Maine: Seth Low Press, 1964.
    Edited diary of Ann Eliza Bacon Porter from Cooksville.

    Prisland, Marie
    Prisland, Marie. From Slovenia to America: Recollections and Collections. Chicago: Slovenian Women's Union of America, 1968.
    Memoirs of an immigrant to Sheboygan who founded the Slovenian Women's Union of America and created a magazine, the Dawn.

    Quarlls, Caroline
    First fugitive slave helped by the Underground Railroad in Wisconsin
    Pferdehirt, Julie. Caroline Quarlls and the Underground Railroad. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2008. (for children). See also "Caroline Quarlls 1842 Journey on the Underground Railroad."

    Quinney, Electa
    First teacher in Wisconsin.
    "The First Wisconsin Teacher." Wisconsin Journal of Education, new series, vol. 18 (Madison, 1888): 493-494. Digitized by the Wisconsin Historical Society.

    Raimey, Mabel Watson
    First African American woman lawyer in the state.
    Williams, Phoebe Weaver. "A Black Woman's Voice: The Story of Mabel Raimey, 'Shero.'" Marquette Law Review 74 (Winter 1991-92): 345-76.

    Ranney, Orpha
    Letters from Ranney, Dunn County, Wis., to her sister Adah Holcomb in New Hartford, Conn., including details of her trip from New York to Wisconsin and describing illnesses, children, deaths, domestic chores, farming, weather, Christmas, and other details of daily life. Digitized by University of Wisconsin Digital Collections as part of the "Wisconsin Pioneer Experience Collection."

    Raskin, Ellen
    Author from Milwaukee who wrote The Westing Game and other children's fiction.

    Kruse, Ginny Moore. "Ellen Raskin: Notable Wisconsin Author." c.2000.

    Olson, Marilynn S. Ellen Raskin. Boston, MA: Twayne Publishers, 1991.

    Reed, Ellen Spaulding
    Lipsett, Linda O. Pieced from Ellen's Quilt: Ellen Spaulding Reed's Letters and Story. Dayton, Ohio: Halstead & Meadows Publishing, 1991.
    Biographical work based on Reed's correspondence and friendship quilt.

    Richardson, Elizabeth
    Downer College student from Indiana who went on to serve in the American Red Cross in World War II.

    Madison, James H. "'Hey Milwaukee': a Wisconsin 'Girl' Goes to War, 1944-1945." Wisconsin Magazine of History 91, 1 (2007); 28-41.

    Ris, Hania W.

    Ris, Hania W. "Ordeal of Being a Test Case: In Quest of the Right to Practice Medicine in Wisconsin." Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters 80 (1992): 1-19. (Click on the article from the table of contents.)
    Efforts of a foreign-born physician to become licensed in Wisconsin.

    Roberts, Annette
    A Milwaukee pacifist.

    Klotsche, J. Martin and Roberta Roberts Klotsche. A Woman of Courage: the Life and Times of Annette Roberts. Tucson: 1988.

    Rosenthal, Hannah
    Butrick, Leifa. "Wisconsin Woman of the Year," Wisconsin Woman (April 1988): 20-24.

    Rosser, Annetta
    Annetta Rosser Collection (1938 - 1998). Archival collection of a composer who lived in Madison.

    Ryan, A. Elizabeth
    Ryan, A. Elizabeth. "A Reminiscence of County Social Service Work 1932-1974." Milwaukee History 18, 1 (Spring 1995): 15-24.
    She retired in 1974 after more than forty years in Milwaukee County social welfare service.

    Sabin, Ellen Clara
    Sabin (1850-1949) was president of Milwaukee-Downer College.

    Friend, Neita Oviatt. "Ellen Clara Sabin and My Years at Downer." Wisconsin Magazine of History 59 (1976): 178-191.

    Palmer, Virginia A. "Faithfully Yours, Ellen C. Sabin: Correspondence Between Ellen C. Sabin and Lucia R. Briggs From January 1921 to August 1921." Wisconsin Magazine of History 67 (1983): 17-41.
    Correspondence between successive presidents of Milwaukee-Downer College.

    Pau on Lau, Estelle. Ellen C. Sabin, Proponent of Higher Education for Women: a Social History. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1978.
    See also Pau On Lau's article "Ellen Sabin and the Founding of Milwaukee-Downer College," in Old Northwest 3, 2 (1977): 39-50.

    Sackett, Mary
    Sackett (1825-1869) lived in Laona, Wisconsin.

    Sackett, Mary. Mary's Sackett's Journal, 1841/42. Kirkwood, MO: W.M. Underwood, 1986 (69 p.)

    Salisbury, Winifred
    Salisbury, Winifred. "Letters From the Settlement House." Milwaukee History 19, 2 (Summer 1996): 54-68.
    University of Wisconsin graduate (1902) spent 1906 studying conditions among the poor people of Milwaukee's South Side. She wrote home (Oregon, WI) describing what she observed and about her life.

    Schley, Mathilde Georgine
    Painter, dressmaker, and author Schley (1864-1941) was the daughter of German immigrants.

    Merrill, Peter C. "A Cosmopolitan Life in Wisconsin: Mathilde Schley's Hunger for the Beautiful and Useful." Voyageur: Northeast Wisconsin's Historical Review 10, 1 (1993): 40-45.

    Schurz, Margarethe Meyer
    Margarethe Meyer Schurz founded the first kindergarten in the United States in Watertown in 1856.

    Curran, Judth Moran. "Schurz, Margarethe Meyer (1833-1876)." In European Immigrant Women in the United States: A Biographical Dictionary, ed. by Judy Barrett Litoff and Judith McDonnell (New York: Garland, 1994): 270-272.

    Jenkins, Elizabeth. "How the Kindergarten Found Its Way to America." Wisconsin Magazine of History 14 (1930): 48-62.

    "Margarethe Meyer Schurz 1833 - 1876." Froebel website online. Last accessed December 12, 2005.

    Slaughter, Gertrude
    Slaughter,Gertrude. Only the Past Is Ours. New York: Exposition Press,1963.

    Smith, Betty Walker
    Smith, Betty Walker, with Jan Whitaker. My Life in Politics. Madison: [Historic Madison], c2

    Smith, Mary Ellen Beardsley (b. 1842)
    Newspaper contributor to newspapers in the Sun Prairie area.
    Banks, Barbara A.E. 19th Century Wisconsin Writer, Mary Ellen Beardsley Smith, "Aunt Prue." Tucson, AZ: Sunflower Press, 2010. A collection of Smith's writings, compiled by her great-grandaughter.

    Sorenson, Juanita S.
    Sorenson, Juanita S. Juanita, Daughter of the Middle West: the Life Journey of Juanita Sumpter Sorenson. Madison: J.S. Sorenson, 2004.

    Stelter, Martha
    Martha Stelter. My First 80 Years. Washington Island, WI: Jackson Harbor Press, 1997.

    Stearns, Lutie Eugenia
    Stearns, Lutie Eugenia. "My Seventy-Five Years, Part I: 1866-1914." Wisconsin Magazine of History 42 (1958/59): 211-218; Part II: 1914-1942, 282-287; Part III: "Increasingly Personal," V. 43 (1959/60): 97-105.

    Stearns, Lutie Eugenia. "The Question of Discipline." Library Journal (1901). Available in Library Work With Children: Reprints of Papers and Addresses, selected and annotated by Alice I. Hazeltine (New York: Wilson, 1917), available at

    Pawley, Christine "Advocate for Access: Lutie Stearns and the Traveling Libraries of the Wisconsin Free Library Commission, 1895-1914." Libraries and Culture 35, no. 3 (Summer 2000): 434-458.

    Stotts, Stuart. Books in a Box: Lutie Stearns and the Traveling Libraries of Wisconsin. LaFarge, WI: Big Valley Press, 2005. Fictionalized biography for ages 9 and up.

    Stotts, Stuart. "A Thousand Little Libraries: Lutie Stearns, the Johnny Appleseed of Books." Wisconsin Magazine of History 90, 2 (Winter 2006-2007): 38-49.

    Tannenbaum, Earl. "The Library Career Of Lutie Eugenia Stearns," Wisconsin Magazine of History 39 (1955/56): 159-165.

    Stone, Mildred
    Hen Medic: Fifty Years in Medicine (autobiography of physician born in 1911). New York: Carlton Press, 1989.

    Stratman-Thomas, Helene
    Helene Stratman-Thomas (1892-1970) (biographical information on site for the Helene Stratman-Thomas Collection)

    Tallman, Nellie
    Hornbostel, Julia. A Good and Caring Woman : the Life and Times of Nellie Tallman. Lakeville, Minn. : Galde Press, 1996.
    Based on diaries written by Janesville inhabitants Gussie and Nellie Tallman from 1860-1916.

    Thayer, Arvina Lowe
    Winnebago member
    Riley, Jocelyn, producer. Big Sister, Little Sister (video). Madison: Her Own Words, 1995.

    Tinker, Mary F. (Mary Foster), 1894-1978
    Tinker, Mary F. Mary's Memories. Valeejo, CA: Protean Publishing, 2002.

    Tabor, Baby Doe (Elizabeth Bonduel McCourt Doe Tabor)
    Colorado silver mine owner, born in Oshkosh.
    Temple, Judy Nolte. Baby Doe Tabor: The Madwoman in the Cabin. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2007.

    Tonnesen, Beatrice, 1871-1958
    Photographer from Oshkosh.
    Cross, Scott. "Beatrice Tonneson: Photography Pioneer." Voyageur: Northeast Wisconsin's Historical Review 21, 1 (2004): 38-42.

    Trilling, Blanche Mathilde
    Department of Physical Education. University of Wisconsin.
    Blanchard, Jean W. The Role of Blanche M. Trilling in the Development of the Women’s Sports Program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1912-1946. MA Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1986.

    Ulbricht, Elsa
    Milwaukee artist, educator, and performer (1886-1980).

    Merrill, Peter C. "Elsa Ulbricht: A Career in Art." Milwaukee History 16, 1 (Spring 1993): 22-28. Available on the website of the Traditional Fine Arts organization at

    Treacy, Janet. "Elsa Ulbricht: An Unquenchable Spirit." Wisconsin Academy Review 38, 3 (Summer 1992): 19-25.

    Unger, Nancy C. "The 'We Say What We Think' Club." Wisconsin Magazine of History 90, 1 (Autumn 2006): 16-27. From 1937-1957 five Dane County women discussed topics-of-the-day and of interest to farm women monthly over station WIBA, Madison. The women who hosted the show -- Sibylle Mitchell (1890-1980) of Cottage Grove, Ruth King of Madison, Isabel Baumann (1918-1977) of Sun Prairie, Grace Langer of Marshall, and Selma Sorenson of Klevenville -- are profiled.

    Volk, Almira (1810-1906)
    Volk, Almira Ketchum. The Autobiography of Almira Volk. Milwaukee, WI: Evening Wisconsin Co., 1897 (65 p.)

    Wales, Julia Grace
    University of Wisconsin English professor and WWI peace advocate.

    Wales, Julia Grace. "Mediation Without Armistice: The Wisconsin Plan." Madison, Wis.: The Wisconsin Peace Society, 1915. Digitized by the Wisconsin Historical Society.

    Trattner, Walter I. "Julia Grace Wales and the Wisconsin Plan for Peace." Wisconsin Magazine of History 44 (1960/61): 203-213.

    "Women Pacifists" We Were There: Canada and the First World War exhibit, National Archives of Canada.
    Site includes some digitized documents by Wales.

    Warner, Teresa
    Zighelboim, Stephanie. "Quite the Woman: Teresa Warner in Independence, Wisconsin, 1951-1990." M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, 2003. On a Mexican-American woman.

    Weaver, Melinda Ann
    Memories of Early Days, 1876 (town of Lisbon, Waukesha County). First published in the Waukesha Plaindealer, in 1876.

    Welles, Beatrice Ives
    Conner, Alice Anne. "Beatrice Ives Welles: Civic Leader, Champion for Women," Kenosha ( Kenosha News). [Requires registration to access.]
    Mother of Orson Welles.

    Westerman, Joyce
    Kann, Bob. Joyce Westerman: Baseball Hero. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press 2012 (for children).

    Wheeler, Harriet Wood
    Bunge, Nancy. Woman in the Wilderness: Letters of Harriet Wood Wheeler, Missionary Wife, 1832-1892. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, c2010.

    White, Helen C.
    English professor and department chair, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

    Dougan, Kirsten M. Helen Constance White website.

    McNaron, Toni. "The Purple Goddess: A memoir [of Helen C. White]," Women's Studies Quarterly, 22, 1-2 (Spring-Summer 1994): 42-50; reprinted from Vol. 14 (Fall-Winter 1986): 44-7.

    White, Sylvia Bell
    African American from Milwaukee.
    White, Sylvia Bell and Jody LePage. Sister: An African American Life in Search of Justice. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2013. Autobiography.

    Wilcox, Ella Wheeler
    Ballou, Jenny. Period Piece: Ella Wheeler Wilcox and Her Times. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1940.

    Ifkovic, Edward. Blue Moon: A Novel Based on the Life of Ella Wheeler Wilcox. Oregon, WI : Waubesa Press, 2001.

    Wheeler, M. P. "Ella Wheeler Wilcox." Sketches of Wisconsin Pioneer Women (Fort Atkinson, Wis. : Hoard & Sons, [1924?]): 57-60. In the Wisconsin Electronic Reader

    Wilcox, Ella Wheeler. The World and I. New York: Arno, 1980, c1918.
    Autobiography of Wilcox (1850-1919), Rock County poet and journalist, whose writings appeared in Cosmopolitan, Good Housekeeping, and other magazines.

    Willard, Frances Elizabeth

    Bordin, Ruth Birgitta Anderson. Frances Willard: A Biography. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.

    Bordin, Ruth Birgitta Anderson. Woman and Temperance: the Quest for Power and Liberty 1873-1900. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1981.

    Dillon, Mary Earhart. Frances Willard: From Prayers to Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1944.

    "Frances E. Willard: A Nineteenth Century Leader," is a part of a "Temperance & Prohibition" site at Ohio State University.

    Hardesty, Nancy A. Women Called to Witness: Evangelical Feminism in the Nineteenth Century. Nashville: Abingdon, 1984.

    Ivy, James D. "'The Lone Star State Surrenders to a Lone Woman': Frances Willard's Forgotten 1882 Texas Temperance Tour." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 102, 1 (1998): 44-61.
    Argues that her tour ultimately failed because she was perceived as a Northerner who also broke Southern norms by being a woman speaking in public.

    Kent, Antoinette Cowles. "Frances E. Willard." In Sketches of Wisconsin Pioneer Women (Fort Atkinson, Wis. : Hoard & Sons, [1924?]): 26-28. In the Wisconsin Electronic Reader:

    Lee, Susan Earls Dye. "Evangelical Domesticity: The Origins of the Woman's National Christian Temperance Union Under Frances E. Willard." Ph.D. diss., Northwestern University, 1980.

    Marilley, Suzanne M. "Frances Willard and the Feminism of Fear." Feminist Studies 19,1 (Spring 1993):123-146.

    Miller, Ida Tetreault. "Frances Elizabeth Willard: Religious Leader and Social Reformer." Ph.D. diss., Boston University, 1978.

    O'Brien, Sharon. "Tomboyism and Adolescent Conflict: Three Nineteenth Century Case Studies." In Woman's Being, Woman's Place: Female Identity and Vocation in American History, ed. by Mary Kelley. (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1979): 351-372.
    Willard is one of the three.

    Shafer, Elizabeth. "St. Frances and the Crusaders." American History Illustrated 11, 5 (1976): 24-33.

    Skidmore, P.G. "Crusading and Conforming: the Techniques of Temperance." Dalhousie Review [Canada] 56, 1 (1976): 93-102.

    Slagell, Amy Rose. "A Good Woman Speaking Well: The Oratory of Frances E. Willard." Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1992.

    Slagell, Amy Rose. "The Rhetorical Structure of Frances E. Willard's campaign for Woman Suffrage, 1876-1896." Rhetoric & Public Affairs 4, 1 (2001): 1-23.

    Wheeler, Sarah Wetherbee. "Frances E. Willard's Rhetorical Contribution to Suffrage and Social Reform ." Ph.D. diss., Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1993.

    Willard, Frances E. How I Learned to Ride the Bicycle: Reflections of an Influential 19th Century Woman.Introduction by Edith Mayo, edited by Carol O'Hare. Sunnyvale, CA: Fair Oaks, Pub. Co, 1991.
    Revised edition of Willard's A Wheel Within a Wheel (1895).

    Willard, Frances E. Let Something Good Be Said: The Speeches and Writings of Frances E. Willard, edited by Carolyn De Swarte Gifford and Amy Slagell. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2007.

    Willard, Frances E. Occupations for Women: A Book of Practical Suggestions for the Material Advancement, the Mental and Physical Development, and the Moral and Spiritual Uplift of Women (1897). [Digitized by the University of Wisconsin-Madison.]

    Willard, Frances E. Writing Out of My Heart: Selections from the Journal of Frances E. Willard, 1855-96, ed. by Carolyn DeSwarte Gifford. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995.

    Xiong, Mai Ya
    Cohen, Sheila. Mai Ya's long journey to Wisconsin. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2005.
    Odyssey of a Hmong woman from Laos to Thailand to Wisconsin. This is a book for older children as well as adults interested in Hmong-Americans.

    Youmans, Theodora Winton
    Youmans (1863-1932) was a Waukesha journalist and suffrage leader. During her presidency of the Wisconsin Woman Suffrage Association from 1913-1920, Wisconsin became the first state to ratify the 19th amendment to the Constitution giving the vote to women.

    McBride, Genevieve. "Theodora Winton Youmans and the Wisconsin Woman Movement." Wisconsin Magazine of History 71 (1988): 243-275.

    "Wisconsin's Legal History: Theodora Winton Youmans." Wisconsin Lawyer

    Zimmermann, Elizabeth (1910-1999)
    Zimmermann was a British-born master knitter who moved to Wisconsin in 1937. She taught knitting classes through UW-Extension and wrote books on the subject.

    "New School Knitting: The Influence of Elizabeth Zimmermann and Schoolhouse Press" exhibit, Design Gallery, UW-Madison.

    Tigan, Anne. "Wisconsin Woman in History: Elizabeth Zimmermann Changed the World of Knitting," Wisconsin Woman (March 2008): 40.

  • Archival Resources

    Note: Archival items that have been digitized are generally listed and linked elsewhere in this bibliography.

    Archival Resources in Wisconsin: Descriptive Finding Aids:
    This is a combined collection of Finding Aids, which describe unpublished primary resources held in one of these institutions: the Wisconsin Historical Society, University of Wisconsin-Madison Archives and Record Management, the Center for the Study of Upper Midwestern Cultures, and UW-Madison Memorial Library's Department of Special Collections. The collection of finding aids may be searched (ex: for "women" or for a particular name), or one can browse through a list of the names of the individuals and organizations included.

    Wisconsin Historical Society Library and Archives:
    Many collections of personal papers and records of women's organizations in Wisconsin are held in the Archives Division. Women's History Resources at the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, by Mary Fiorenza and Michael Edmonds (5th ed., Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1997) describes the secondary literature that provides entree to archival sources and describes in detail by subject (homes/households, work, wartime, reform movements, religion, and media) and by example the different types of material available (first-person accounts, periodicals, images, material culture, etc.) Diaries, correspondence, reminiscences, interviews, and other types of material are found in the collections. The Archives also holds the papers of Clara B. Colby, (1846-1916) who grew up in Wisconsin and taught at the University of Wisconsin before moving to Nebraska where she organized suffrage efforts and founded the Woman's Tribune, the organ of the National Woman Suffrage Association. For discussion of Colby's papers, see "State Historical Society of Wisconsin Welcomes Suffragist's Papers," by Cindy Knight in Feminist Collections 12, 1 (Fall 1990): 18-20.
    The Archives online catalog is available at In addition, many finding aids are available online via "Archival Resources in Wisconsin" (see above) and/or are linked from the Arcat records (the term for Finding Aid is "register" in Arcat) or searchable by keywords.
    "Sources for Women's History," by Debra Anderson, University Archives, Special Collections Department, Cofrin Library, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, lists relevant collections held in the Historical Society and its Area Research Centers throughout the state.
    The Society's Digital Library and Archives has a collection of Wisconsin Historical Images. The search "women" finds numerous images of individual women, groups, posters, etc.
    The Society's Digital Library and Archives has a Wisconsin Local History & Biography Articles (WLHBA) collection that contains thousands of newspaper articles preserved in scrapbooks at the Society in the late 19th and 20th centuries. It is searchable in the advanced search screen by name, word-in-headline, newspaper, county, year, and main heading (agriculture, church history, social and political movements, etc.) There is no category for women, but searching for the words "woman," "women," "girl," "mother," and other women words in the headline box is productive, as are searches of individuals by name.
    Also see Andrea Hinding's Women's History Sources: A Guide to Archives and Manuscript Collections in the United States, 2 v. (New York: Bowker, 1979), vol. 1, pp. 1061-1088, for descriptions of manuscript collections from individual women found in the State Historical Society and other repositories in Wisconsin.

    Two Wisconsin Historical Society collections are major resources on the history of women suffrage and have been microfilmed for use elsewhere. They are:

    James, Ada Lois. Papers, 1816-1952. This is a 30,000-page manuscript collection of a women's suffrage leader in Wisconsin and other James family members. The finding aid has been digitized, as have several selected folders. The second collection is the Wisconsin Woman Suffrage Association. Records 1892-1925. Together, these two collections form a 42-reel microfilm set Grassroots Women's Organizations. Women's Suffrage in Wisconsin, editorial director, Anne Firor Scott (Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1989). A guide to the microfilm edition was compiled by Nanette Dobrosky. For a discussion about the significance of both collections, see "Historical Society Women's Collections to be Published," by Harry Miller in Feminist Collections 11, 2 (Winter 1990): 13-14, and a review by Genevieve G. McBride in Journal of American History 79 (March 1993): 1704-1706.

    Another important resource in the Historical Society is the set of Records 1963-1979 of the Wisconsin Governor's Commission on the Status of Women. See its Finding Aid. The Archives also has many taped interviews and transcripts with Wisconsin women. Examples of such collections are below (descriptions are chiefly from the cataloging records for these collections):

    Documenting the Midwestern Origins of the 20th Century Women's Movement. Oral History Project, project director Gerda Lerner, interviewer, Joyce Follet.
    Oral history interviews were conducted during 1990-1991 with 22 Midwestern women who were leaders of movements for women in labor, education, politics, religion, and business at local, state, national, and international levels. Interview tapes (and in some cases written transcriptions) are held. The Wisconsin women interviewed were Gene Boyer, Kathryn Clarenbach, Ruth Clusen, Sister Austin Doherty, Mary Eastwood, Judith Goldsmith, Sarah Harder, Virginia Hart, Helen Hensler, Midge Miller, Mary Lou Munts, Sister Joel Read, Doris Thom, and Nellie Wilson. An interview with Milwaukee labo r organizer Catherine Conroy was conducted prior to her death by the University of Michigan-Wayne State University Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations Program on Women and Work. For a discussions of the project, see "Midwestern Women's Role in the Contemporary Women's Movement: an Oral History Project," by Linda Shult in Feminist Collections 14, 1 (Fall 1992): 17-18; and "Midwestern Leaders of the Modern Women's Movement: An Oral History Project," by Gerda Lerner in : 11-15. [See also Step By Step: Building a Feminist Movement, 1941-1977 (video), which also resulted from this project.]

    Maternity Nurses Oral History Project, 1986. Interviewer: Sara Monkres.
    Twenty-four audiotaped interviews with nineteen nurses caring for women during birth. Resumes and transcripts for most of the interviews are also in the collection.

    The Impact of Her Spirit Oral History Project, 1983-1989.
    Undertaken by members of the Wisconsin Extension Homemakers Council as a celebration of the organization's 50th anniversary, focusing on the life stories of Wisconsin homemakers and on the influence of the WEHC in their lives. Tape-recorded interviews, transcripts, photographs, slide/tape show, script for a play based on the oral histories, and TAaste Wisconsin History, a cookbook derived from the project. Focused on the lives of Wisconsin homemakers and the influence of the Council in their lives. A duplicate set of transcripts was divided according to counties of residence of the interviewees and may be found at the appropriate State Historical Society of Wisconsin Area Research Centers throughout the state. The Impact of Her Spirit, by Georgia Hoberg, et al. (River Falls: Wisconsin Extension Homemakers Council, 1989) is a published guide to the project.

    Rural women's oral history project, 1984-1985. Jean Saul Rannells, interviewer.
    Interviews with 27 elderly rural Wisconsin women concerning the everyday experiences of their lives. The interviews span the period 1915-1985 and focus on daily activities, attitudes toward work and leisure time, religion, community involvement, informal education, and the relationships the women had with others. Transcripts of the interviews are also present.
    Wisconsin Jewish Oral History Interview Project (Guide). Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1974.
    Tapes and transcripts of Jewish men and women who immigrated to Wisconsin from Europe.

    Wisconsin Survivors of the Holocaust: a Documentation Project of the Wisconsin Jewish Archives (Guide edited by Sara Leuchter. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1983.)
    Of the 24 persons interviewed for this oral history project, 11 were women.

    Wisconsin Women During World War II Oral History Project, 1992-1994.
    115 interviews undertaken by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin to capture the experiences of Wisconsin women on the homefront and, to a limited extent, in military service, during World War II. Interviewees were selected to include a broad cross-section of women of different racial and ethnic backgrounds, rural and urban experience, and workers in and outside the home. Topics discussed include changes in lifestyle prompted by the war, community ties and support systems, and attitudes about the war. Interviews were conducted by Kathryn Borkowski, Stephen Kolman, Tracey Deutsch, and Kristina Ackley between January 1992 and April 1994. Publication: Women Remember the War, 1941-1945, by Michael C. Stevens, ed., and Ellen D. Goldlust, assistant ed. Madison: Center for Documentary History, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1993.

    Women of Wisconsin Labor Oral History Project, 1988-1992.
    Interviews with seventeen women active in the labor movement in Wisconsin, selected to form a representative sample of unions, geographic areas, and type of work (service, industrial, building trades, public employees, etc.). The women discuss work experiences, their role in their respective union organizations, issues important to them as women workers, and prominent leaders with whom they worked. The project was directed by JoAnne Rica with funding support from the Wisconsin State AFL-CIO, the International Association of Machinists District 10, the United Steel Workers of America District 32, the Wisconsin Labor History Society, and the Milwaukee Chapter of Coalition of Labor Union Women. All interviews were conducted by Jambalaya (formerly J. M. Dombeck). In addition to the tape-recorded interviews, there is background information on the project, short biographies of each interviewee with a brief description of the interview, and indexes to each interview. There are also photographs of some of the interviewees.

    Women's Oral History Project of Madison WEAC Insurance Trust Interviews, 1977-1982. Interviewers: Cynthia Costello, Catherine Loeb, and others.
    Fifteen participants were interviewed about the 1979 strike by women clerical workers in the United Staff Union at the Wisconsin Education Association Council Insurance Trust, Madison. (See also "'We're Worth It! Work, Culture and Conflict at the Wisconsin Education Association Insurance Trust," by Cynthia Costello in Feminist Studies 11, 3 (1985): 497-518.)

    Milwaukee Urban Archives :
    The Milwaukee Urban Archives in the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Golda Meir Library, is made up of administrative records for the Milwaukee campus, the State Historical Society Area Research Center (papers of individuals and organizations in Milwaukee and adjacent counties), and the Fromkin Memorial Collection of materials dealing with the history of social justice in the United States from the end of the Civil War to World War II. There is much material on women in the papers of families and individuals, which document the immigrant woman experience, schooling, religious and communal life. Of interest among the organizational records are those of the Ladies' Art and Science Class of Milwaukee College (1874-1899), the National Association of Women in Construction Milwaukee Chapter (1955-1980), and the Women's Christian Temperance Union Milwaukee Chapter (1926-1950). Use the "Women" Research Guide for further information.

    The State of Wisconsin digital collection has numerous archival items within it. Search the whole collection or browse through the titles. The sub-collection "Wisconsin Traditions of Social Care" includes many photographs of women.

    University of Wisconsin- Madison Archives.
    The University Archives is the repository for the University of Wisconsin, Madison, the University of Wisconsin System, and the University Extension. Of particular interest for women's history are the records of the Dean of Women, 1920-1968 (unpublished guide available in the Archives), and the private papers of several faculty women associated with the University. In addition, since the early 1970s, an ongoing oral history project has interviewed many women faculty, staff, students, and administrators. There is also a series of interviews with faculty wives. Written transcripts have been prepared for some of the interviews. A 1991 Guide to the Collection lists the interviewees, briefly describes the subjects discussed in their interviews, and notes whether a transcript exists. Examples of some of the interviewees: Ruth Glassow (Physical Education 1912-16 and 1930-62), Ruth Henderson (Home Economics 1923-1958) Madeline Doran (English 1935-1975), Ruth Doyle (assistant to the Dean of the Law School), and Frances Hurst (faculty wives series). All the oral histories are catalogued in the Library Catalog, with the heading University of Wisconsin-Archives. Oral History Project. A quick way to find those who talked about women's issues, is to do a keyword search Wisconsin and University and "oral history" and women.

    Other Archival Resources
    League of Women Voters of La Crosse County Women's History Project.
    Conducted oral history interviews in the mid-1990s with La Crosse area women from many walks of life.