Online Usage/Electronic Resources Section


This section is part of a larger document, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

AND WOMEN'S LIVES: A BIBLIOGRAPHY, compiled by Linda Shult for

the Office of the Women's Studies Librarian, 430 Memorial

Library, 728 State St., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.  Originally

published February 1996.  Email: the Women's Studies Librarian.  

World Wide Web site:

http://www.library.wisc.edu/libraries/WomensStudies/









ONLINE USAGE



    This section gathers information about women using the online

environment, primarily the Internet.  It doesn't include electronic

resources themselves (see "Electronic Resources" instead), but focuses

on how women view and use online resources such as email, discussion

groups, etc.  Because this is an area of rapid change, some of the

articles listed cover stages of  online development superceded by newer

technologies, but are included as they provide a fuller history of the

field and offer conceptual frameworks valid for analyzing future online

developments.



 

Atkinson, Steven D. and Judith Hudson, eds.  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN

WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE DATABASES.  New York: Haworth Press, 1990. 

420p. 

    This collection of sixteen articles touches on the range of

information (and lack of it) available on women in the online databases

available to researchers.  Among the topics: coverage in humanities,

social/behavioral sciences, biomedical, legal, and business-related

databases; locating information on lesbians, women of color, women in

developing countries, women in sports, women in government; finding

women's studies materials and feminist perspectives, using reference

and online bibliographic databases.

 

Balas, Janet L.  "Women's Information Resource Exchange (WIRE)." 

COMPUTERS IN LIBRARIES v.14, no.4 (April 1994): 25-26. 

    A brief description of what was at the time an online information

service based in San Francisco (now part of CompuServe).

 

Balka, Ellen.  "Womantalk Goes On-Line: The Use of Computer Networks in

the Context of Feminist Social Change."  Vancouver, BC, Canada: Ph.D.

dissertation, Simon Fraser University, 1993.  422p. 

    Analysis of four computer networks used for social change, concluding

that women's organizations will benefit little from the existing design

of such networks because of the social biases inherent in them.

 

Bezanson, Deborah.  "Women and Government Online: Two Case Studies." 

WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE DATABASES,

ed. Steven D. Atkinson and Judith Hudson, pp.385-396.  New York: Haworth

Press, 1990.  

 

Brail, Stephanie.  "Take Back the Net! Don't Let On-Line's Dirty Little

Secret Prevent You From Exploring Cyberspace."  ON THE ISSUES v.3, no.1

(Winter 1994): 39-42. 

    Notes the online harassment experienced by some women in an

environment where they are largely a minority, but also mentions such

services as ECHO (East Coast) and Women's Wire (West Coast) that offer

woman-friendly Internet access.  



Broadhurst, Judith.  THE WOMAN'S GUIDE TO ONLINE SERVICES.  New York:

McGraw, 1995.  c.418p. bibl. index. ill. 

    A guide (useful to men as well) to newcomers to the online

environment, with discussion of  online stalking, locating sites for

children and for career advice, and specific information about online

services.

 

Broadhurst, Judith.  "On-line Gold Mines."  WORKING WOMAN v.18

(September 1993): 80-81.

    Looks at online resources such as bulletin boards and networks.

 

Bromley, Hank.  "Gender Dynamics Online: What's New About the New

Communication Technologies?"  FEMINIST COLLECTIONS v.16, no.2 (Winter

1995): 16-19. 

    Bromley examines women's access to and participation in online 
resources such as discussion lists and discovers that "women are faring

little better on this medium than on its predecessors" (p.16).

 

Cardman, Elizabeth.  "The Gender Gap in Computer Use: Implications for

Bibliographic Instruction."  RESEARCH STRATEGIES v.8, no.3 (1990):

116-128.

 

Collins-Jarvis, Lori A.  "Gender Representation in an Electronic City

Hall: Female Adoption of Santa Monica's PEN System."  JOURNAL OF

BROADCASTING & ELECTRONIC MEDIA v.37, no.1 (Winter 1993): 49-65.

    Examines possible factors, including public access terminals and

restructuring of the network toward a more welcoming environment, that

led women to use Santa Monica's Public Electronic Networking system at

a much higher rate than other such networks.

 

Darcy, Robert, et al.  "Women & Politics Data Bases."  WOMEN & POLITICS

v.1, no.4 (Winter 1980-81): 77-81; v.2, nos.1-2 (Spring-Summer 1982):

115-120; v.2, no.3 (Fall 1982): 69-76; v.2, no.4 (Winter 1982):

125-128.

    This series of columns offers abstracts of machine-readable data

bases in a variety of fields of interest to researchers studying women

and politics.  



Davidson, Keay.  "Liberte, Egalite, Internete."  NEW SCIENTIST v.146

(May 27, 1995): 38-42.

    Examines the idea of democratization as a result of electronic

communication.

 

Dentinger, Susan.  "Using the Internet to Reach Libraries: Part I." 

FEMINIST COLLECTIONS v.12, no.3 (Spring 1991): 8-11. 

    Briefly explains the Internet, what it can be used for, and how to

access library catalogs using this electronic network.



Dentinger, Susan.  "Using the Internet to Reach Libraries and

Databases: Part II."  FEMINIST COLLECTIONS v.12, no.4 (Summer 1991):

11-15. 

    Looks at how to discover what's available on the Internet, suggests

some Internet guides, gives an example of FTP, and introduces WMST-L

women's studies list.

 

Detlefsen, Ellen Gay.  "Issues of Access to Information About Women." 

WOMEN'S COLLECTIONS: LIBRARIES, ARCHIVES, AND CONSCIOUSNESS, ed.

Suzanne Hildenbrand, pp.163-171.  New York: Haworth Press, 1986.

    Notes the lack of information resources on feminism/women's studies

in general, with specific attention to sparse online services and

indexes, but also describes some promising online resources developing

during the 1980's.  Also published in SPECIAL COLLECTIONS v.3, nos.3/4

[1986].



Dibbell, Julian.  "A Rape in Cyberspace."  THE VILLAGE VOICE (December

21, 1993): 36-42. Also available via anonymous ftp from

parcftp.xerox.com as file/pub/MOO/papers/VillageVoice.txt, and will be

part of the next edition of COMPUTERIZATION AND CONTROVERSY: VALUE

CONFLICTS AND SOCIAL CHOICES, ed. Charles Dunlop and Rob Kling (1st

ed., Academic Press, 1991). See also FLAME WARS: THE DISCOURSE OF

CYBERCULTURE, ed. Mark Dery (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1994),

pp.237-261.  

    Discussion of an attack on the female character of a woman using a

MUD (Multi-User Dungeon, a role-playing game) through manipulation of

the character by a male MUD user.

 

Dickstein, Ruth and Karen Williams.  "Social and Behavioral Sciences

Databases."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE

DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and Judith Hudson, pp.73-94.  New

York: Haworth Press, 1990.  

 

Dolan, Donna R.  "Exploring the Coverage of Women in Biomedical

Databases."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE

DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and Judith Hudson, pp.95-121.  New

York: Haworth Press, 1990.  

 

Durniak, Barbara Ammerman.  "Researching Information About Women in

Reference Databases: Advances and Limitations."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH

IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and

Judith Hudson, pp.175-203.  New York: Haworth Press, 1990.  

 

Ebben, Maureen Majella.  WOMEN ON THE NET: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF

GENDER DYNAMICS ON THE SOC.WOMEN COMPUTER NETWORK.  Urbana, IL:

Ph.D. dissertation, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 1994.  311p.  

 

Elmer-Dewitt, Philip.  "On a Screen Near You: Cyberporn."  TIME v.146

(July 3, 1995): 38-45. 

    The famous cover story featuring a Carnegie Mellon report on online

pornography.

 

Erlich, Reese.  "Sexual Harassment an Issue on the High-tech Frontier." 

MACWEEK (December 14, 1992): 20-21.  

 

Falk, Joyce Duncan.  "Humanities [databases]."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH

IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and

Judith Hudson, pp.7-72.  New York: Haworth Press, 1990. 

    Compares/contrasts sixteen databases in the humanities as to subject

content and indexing vocabulary related to women.

 

Falk, Joyce Duncan.  "The New Technology for Research in European

Women's History: `Online' Bibliographies."  SIGNS v.9, no.1 (Autumn

1983): 120-133.

    An introduction to primary and secondary sources for database

searching, query format, and possible databases to search.



FEMINIST COLLECTIONS: A QUARTERLY OF WOMEN'S STUDIES RESOURCES v.17,

no.2 (Winter 1996); special issue: "Information Technology and Women's

Studies: Reports from the Field," ed. Phyllis Holman Weisbard and Linda

Shult.  

 

Fey, Marion Harris.  "Freeing Voices: Literacy Through Computer

Conferencing and Feminist Collaboration."  Rochester, NY: Ph.D.

dissertation, University of Rochester, 1992.  399p.  

 

Freeman, Elisabeth and Susanne Hupfer.  "TAP: Tapping Internet

Resources for Women in Computing."  COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM v.38,

no.1 (January 1995): 44.  

 

Gibbons, Ann.  "Creative Solutions: Electronic Mentoring."  SCIENCE

v.255 (March 13, 1992): 1369.

    A brief look at an online network called Systers, developed to

connect young women computer scientists with mentors for career advice,

research help, and the like.  (Part of a special section on women

scientists.)

 

Glass, Betty J.  "Scenes from Academic Libraryland: Internetting Women:

A Guide for Non-Surfers."  WLW JOURNAL v.16, no.3 (Fall 1993): 11-13.

    Recommends introductory print materials about the Internet and lists

some email discussion groups and other resources such as the InforM

women's studies database.

 

Glazier, Mary.  "Internet Resources for Women's Studies."  C&RL NEWS

(March 1994): 139-141, 143. 

    Introduces electronic mail discussion groups, Usenet news groups,

online library catalogs, electronic texts, gopher sites, and other

Internet resources.  

 

Gossen, Eleanor A.  "Women in Nonbibliographic Databases."  WOMEN

ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE DATABASES, ed. Steven

D. Atkinson and Judith Hudson, pp.259-280.  New York: Haworth Press,

1990.  

 

Gregory, Sophfronia Scott.  "Heartbreak in Cyberspace."  TIME v.142

(July 19, 1993): 58. 

    Describes the repercussions surrounding the online romances carried

on by a male bulletin board subscriber.  When the three women

discovered each other, they announced the man's identity to the

network, setting off a lively debate on electronic etiquette.

 

Hafner, Katie.  "Adventures On-Line."  WORKING WOMAN v.20 (January

1995): 48-52+.  

 

Herring, Susan C.  "Politeness in Computer Culture: Why Women Thank and

Men Flame."  COMMUNICATING IN, THROUGH AND ACROSS CULTURES:

PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRD BERKELEY WOMEN AND LANGUAGE

CONFERENCE, ed. Mary Bucholtz et al.  Berkeley: Berkeley Women and Language Group,

forthcoming 1996. 



 

Herring, Susan C.  "Posting in a Different Voice: Gender and Ethics in 

Computer-Mediated Communication."  PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVES ON

COMPUTER-MEDIATED COMMUNICATION, ed. Charles Ess.  Albany, NY: SUNY,

forthcoming 1996.

 

Herring, Susan.  "Gender and Participation in Computer-Mediated

Linguistic Discourse."  1992.  13p.  Available from ERIC: ED 345552. 

    Paper from the Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America,

Philadelphia, PA, January 1992.

 

Herz, J.C.  "Pigs in (Cyber)Space."  GENTLEMEN'S QUARTERLY v.64

(October 1994): 156+.

    The author's experiences in the online environment.

 

Hildenbrand, Suzanne.  "Computerized Literature Searching and the New

Women's History."  WOMEN'S STUDIES QUARTERLY v.16, nos.1-2

(Spring/Summer 1988): 124-127. 

    While acknowledging the limitations of  online searching for women's

history topics, the author encourages use of  online databases and

offers tips on how and what to expect.



Hildenbrand, Suzanne.  "Electronic Graffiti or Scholar's Tool? A

Critical Evaluation of Selected Women's Lists on Internet."  WOMEN,

INFORMATION, AND THE FUTURE: COLLECTING AND SHARING RESOURCES

WORLDWIDE, ed. Eva Steiner Moseley, pp.215-223.  Fort Atkinson, WI:

Highsmith Press, 1995.  

 

Hudson, Judith and Kathleen A. Turek.  ELECTRONIC ACCESS TO RESEARCH ON

WOMEN: A SHORT GUIDE.  2nd ed. (version 2.5)  Albany, NY: Institute for

Research on Women, 1994.  50p.  $8.00 payable to Research Foundation

Research on Women, Publications, Social Science 341, 1400 Washington

Ave., Albany, NY 12222.

    A "female-friendly" introduction to electronic resources for/about

women, including electronic mail, discussion groups, anonymous ftp,

gophers, and more, plus a good listing of discussion groups, examples

of ftp, and a bibliography of other resources. (See online version in

"Electronic Resources" section.)

 

Hudson, Judith and Victoria A. Mills.  "Women in the National Online

Bibliographic Database."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S STUDIES

USING ONLINE DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and Judith Hudson,

pp.237-257.  New York: Haworth Press, 1990.  



"Information Services at Women's Institutions in Japan."  NWEC

NEWSLETTER v.9, no.2 (November 1992): 1-4. 

    Discusses the National Women's Education Centre (NWEC) project of

keeping an online database of women's resources available at the 700

women's institutions surveyed.

 

Ingall, Marjorie.  "Hi Girlz, See You in Cyberspace!"  SASSY v.6 (May

1993): 72-73. 

    One young woman's experience with the MindVox electronic bulletin

board service.

 

Irving, Richard and Mary Jane Brustman.  "Women's Issues and Online

Legal Research."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING

ONLINE DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and Judith Hudson, pp.123-153. 

New York: Haworth Press, 1990.  

 

Koch, Loretta P. and Barbara G. Preece.  "Table of Contents Services:

Retrieving Women's Studies Periodical Literature."  RQ v.35, no.1 (Fall

1995): 76-86.

    Compares three online tables of contents databases (Current Contents,

UnCover,and OCLC's ContentsFirst) as to completeness of coverage of

women's studies periodicals, using the print FEMINIST PERIODICALS: A

CURRENT LISTING OF CONTENTS (Office of the UW System Women's Studies

Librarian) as the standard. 



Kome, Penney.  "Virtual Sisterhood: Women on the Net."  HERIZONS v.9,

no.3 (Fall 1995): 15-17.

    Part of a special section that also includes: "My Favorite Mailing

Lists" by Kome and "An Introduction to Going On Line" (Patricia

Robertson).  

 

Kramarae, Cheris and H. Jeanie Taylor.  "Women and Men on Electronic

Networks: A Conversation or a Monologue?"  WOMEN, INFORMATION

TECHNOLOGY, AND SCHOLARSHIP, ed. H. Jeanie Taylor et al., pp.52-61. 

Urbana, IL: Women, Information Technology, and Scholarship Colloquium,

Center for Advanced Study, 1993.

 

Kramarae, Cheris and Jana Kramer.  "Net Gains, Net Losses."  THE

WOMEN'S REVIEW OF BOOKS v.12, no.5 (February 1995): 33-35. 

    A look at the legal implications of the rapidly developing Internet

for such issues as sexual harrassment, pornography, hate speech, and

limited information.

 

Lewin, Tamar.  "Dispute over Computer Messages: Free Speech or Sex

Harassment?"  NEW YORK TIMES (Late New York Edition), (Sept. 22, 1994):

A1+. 

    Three students at Santa Rosa Junior College in California received

settlements related to the two women being the subject of insulting

messages on a men-only bulletin board; the third student, a man,

reported the remarks to the women and experienced retaliation for his

actions.  See also "If Flames Singe, Who Is to Blame?" in NEW YORK

TIMES (Late New York Edition), Sept. 25, 1994, Sec. 4, p.3.

 

Light, Jennifer S.  "The Digital Landscape: New Space for Women?" 

GENDER, PLACE AND CULTURE v.2, no.2 (September 1995): 133-146. 

    While acknowledging that the impact of technology "is conditioned by

existing relationships," Light argues that "if women are willing to

become proactive users expressing a point of view about how they want

to interact with new technologies, then they can use technology for

empowerment" (pp.135-135).  



Miller, Connie.  "Lesbians Online."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S

STUDIES USING ONLINE DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and Judith

Hudson, pp.281-299.  New York: Haworth Press, 1990.  

 

Miller, Laura.  "Women and Children First: Gender and the Settling of

the Electronic Frontier."  RESISTING THE VIRTUAL LIFE: THE CULTURE AND

POLITICS OF INFORMATION, ed. James Brook and Iain A. Boal, pp.49-57. 

San Francisco: City Lights, 1995. 

    Questions the use of the frontier metaphor for the online world and

challenges the idea of "gender gap" on the Internet (and of gender

roles themselves in the real world).



Mooney, Susan C.  "Global Organizing: Technology and the Goals of

Women's Organizations."  WOMEN, INFORMATION, AND THE FUTURE: COLLECTING

AND SHARING RESOURCES WORLDWIDE, ed. Eva Steiner Moseley, pp.225-227. 

Fort Atkinson, WI: Highsmith Press, 1995.  



"Networking the E-mail Way."  THE TRIBUNE no.52 (November 1994): 37-40.



    Summary of "experiences, strategies, ideas, problems, issues" from

various online women looking toward the United Nations Fourth World

Conference on Women and NGO Forum, Beijing/Huairao, China, 1995.



"Outline of On-Line Information Retrieval Service (Information Centre

for Women's Education of NWEC)."  NWEC  NEWSLETTER v.8, no.1 (May

1994): 1-4. 

    Explains the online information retrieval system developed by Japan's

Information Centre for Women's Education and the types of databases

available.  

 

Parry, Linda E. and Robert R. Wharton.  "Networking in the Workplace:

The Role of Gender in Electronic Communications."  WOMEN AND

TECHNOLOGY, ed. Urs E. Gattiker, pp.65-91.  New York: Walter de

Gruyter, 1994.  (Technological innovation and human resources, v.4)  

 

Plant, Sadie.  ZEROES AND ONES: THE MATRIX OF WOMEN AND MACHINES.  New

York: Doubleday,  forthcoming 1996.  

 

Pritchard, Sarah M.  "Developing Criteria for Database Evaluation: The

Example of Women's Studies."  REFERENCE LIBRARIAN no.11 (Fall/Winter

1984): 247-261.

    Offers detailed guidelines for examining the coverage (scope,

timeliness, etc.), content, vocabulary/indexing, structure,

availability, and overall assessment of databases for use by women's

studies researchers.

 

Pritchard, Sarah M.  "Trends in Computer-based Resources for Women's

Studies."  FEMINIST TEACHER v.3, no.3 (Fall-Winter 1988): 8-13.  

 

Pryor, Judith and Ann Margaret Scholz.  "The Article You Want When You

Want It: An Introduction to Document Delivery Services."  FEMINIST

COLLECTIONS v.14, no.4 (Summer 1993): 11-14.

    Discusses the CARL UnCover system, OCLC's document delivery service,

and UMI's ProQuest, plus various library projects that involve

searching databases and delivering full-text documents.

 

Reeves, Cheryl.  "Women in Sport Online."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN

WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and

Judith Hudson, pp.369-383.  New York: Haworth Press, 1990.  

 

Resnick, Rosalind.  "E-Mail Goes Female."  LADIES HOME JOURNAL v.111,

no.5 (May 1, 1994): 100+.  

 

Resnick, Rosalind.  "High-tech Challenge: Attracting Women Readers to

Cyberspace."  AMERICAN JOURNALISM REVIEW v.16 (October 1994): 14-15. 

    Discussion of electronic publishing.

 

Shea, Virginia.  NETIQUETTE.  San Francisco: Albion Books, 1994.  160p.



    According to publicity, "establishes the do's and don'ts of

communicating online, from the Golden Rule to the art of the flame,

from the elements of electronic style to virtual romance."

 

Shult, Linda.  "Computer Talk."  FEMINIST COLLECTIONS v.13, no.1 (Fall

1991) - present. 

    An ongoing column in FEMINIST COLLECTIONS that lists new databases,

email discussion groups, electronic texts, Web sites, key email

address, and other computer resources of interest to women's studies

teachers/researchers.  Available online from v.17 no.1 (Fall 1995) at

URL: http://www.library.wisc.edu/libraries/WomensStudies/fcmain.htm

 

Sims-Wood, Janet and Frances C. Ziegler.  "Women of Color in Online

Databases."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE

DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and Judith Hudson, pp.301-313.  New

York: Haworth Press, 1990.  

 

Sinclair, Carla.  NET CHICK: A SMART-GIRL GUIDE TO THE WIRED WORLD. 

New York: Holt, 1996.  243p. index.

 

Smith, Judy and Ellen Balka.  "Chatting on a Feminist Computer

Network."  TECHNOLOGY AND WOMEN'S VOICES: KEEPING IN TOUCH, ed. Cheris

Kramarae, pp.82-97.  New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1988.

    Discusses both negative aspects of computers' effects on women

(displacement of jobs, deskilling, loss of control over work) and

empowering aspects of use of computers as information managers (time-

saving, lower cost compared to long-distance telephone, networking over

wide distances) and proposes a feminist computer network.



Span, Paula.  "The On-line Mystique."  THE WASHINGTON POST (Sunday,

Final Edition, WASHINGTON POST MAGAZINE), (February 27, 1994): W11+.



Spender, Dale.  "Electronic Scholarship: Perform or Perish?"  WOMEN,

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, AND SCHOLARSHIP, ed. H. Jeanie Taylor et al.,

pp.28-43.  Urbana, IL: Women, Information Technology, and Scholarship

Colloquium, Center for Advanced Study, 1993.

    Worried that "women's knowledge, scholarship, and ways of thinking

are threatened now more than at any other time" because that knowledge

exists "almost exclusively" in the endangered medium of print, Spender

discusses the implications of the electronic era for the preservation

and extension of feminism.

 

Stafford, Beth and Yvette Scheven.  "Women in Developing Countries

Online."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE

DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and Judith Hudson, pp.315-349.  New

York: Haworth Press, 1990. 

    Evaluates online and print search results and suggests a lengthy list

of possible search terms.



Sutherland, Kathryn.  "Challenging Assumptions: Women Writers and New

Technology."  THE POLITICS OF THE ELECTRONIC TEXT, ed. Warren Chernaik

et al., pp.53-65.  Oxford, England: Office for Humanities

Communication, Oxford University Computing Services, with the Center

for English Studies, University of London, 1993. 

    The director of Project Electra, an electronic resource on women

writers of 1785-1815, speculates on the values of computer technology

in reproducing/mak ing available otherwise "invisible" texts.



Takayoshi, Pamela.  "Building New Networks from the Old: Women's

Experiences with Electronic Communications."  COMPUTERS AND COMPOSITION

v.11, no.1 (1994): 21-35.  

 

Thomas, Susan Gregory.  "Women Rate the On-line Networks."  GLAMOUR

v.92 (August 1994): 96. 

    This brief piece is noteworthy because of the coverage it gives to

women's resources on the on-line computer services such as CompuServe,

America Online, and Women's WIRE.

 

Tufani, Luciana.  "The Lilith Information Network: Italian Feminism in

an International Context."  WOMEN, INFORMATION, AND THE FUTURE:

COLLECTING AND SHARING RESOURCES WORLDWIDE, ed. Eva Steiner Moseley,

pp.211-214.  Fort Atkinson, WI: Highsmith Press, 1995. 

    "The first Italian database that collects and provides information

specifically on what women write in Italy and abroad,..." the Lilith

network connects with other women's documentation centers in Europe,

and coordinators have developed an extensive "female thesaurus" for the

work of cataloging the materials included.

 

Valauskas, Edward.  "Gender and Boolean Searching."  ONLINE (May 1992):

88-89. 

    Looks at differences in the ways men and women use new technologies

and suggests that standards or agreed-upon rules to enhance

communication are "essentially feminine" and move us toward

"technologic diplomacy."  

 

Van Gelder, Lindsy.  "The Strange Case of the Electronic Lover."  MS.

v.14 (October 1985): 94-95+.  Also found in COMPUTERIZATION AND

CONTROVERSY: VALUE CONFLICTS AND SOCIAL CHOICES, ed. Rob Kling

(Academic Press, 1991).

    Relates the experiment of a male psychiatrist who impersonated a

young, disabled woman in an online network, developing intimate
 
friendships with several women who were appalled when they learned his

identity.

 

Via, Barbara J.  "Feminist Perspectives Through Cited Reference

Searching."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE

DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and Judith Hudson, pp.221-236.  New

York: Haworth Press, 1990.  

 

Walker, Geraldene, et al.  "Bibliometric Techniques Applied to Women's

Issues in Business Databases."  WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S

STUDIES USING ONLINE DATABASES, ed. Steven D. Atkinson and Judith

Hudson, pp.155-173.  New York: Haworth Press, 1990.  

 

Weinschenk, Andrea.  "Women in News and Popular Databases."  WOMEN

ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE DATABASES, ed. Steven

D. Atkinson and Judith Hudson, pp.205-219.  New York: Haworth Press,

1990.  

 

Weisbard, Phyllis Holman.  "Gophering Around in Women's Studies." 

FEMINIST COLLECTIONS v.15, no.2 (Winter 1994): 18-22. 

    Offers a general introduction to the gopher system of retrieving

information on the Internet; describes electronic resources available

from the University of Wisconsin Women's Studies Librarian's office and

the University of Maryland's women's studies gopher. (See also: "More

Gophering Around in Women's Studies...".)



Weisbard, Phyllis Holman.  "More Gophering Around in Women's

Studies...."  FEMINIST COLLECTIONS v.15, no.3 (Spring 1994): 17-22. 

    Lists a sampling of gophers of interest to women's studies

researchers, describes CARL UnCover resources, and the Veronica system

of searching the Internet for relevant resources. (See also "Gophering

Around in Women's Studies.")

 

Weisbard, Phyllis Holman.  "Web-ster Definitions: A Quick Introduction

to the World Wide Web and Women."  FEMINIST COLLECTIONS v.16, no.2

(Winter 1995): 26-28.

 

Wojahn, Patricia A.  "Computer-mediated Communication: The Great

Equalizer Between Men and Women?"  TECHNICAL COMMUNICATION v.41, no.4

(November 1, 1994): 747-752.  



WOMEN & PERFORMANCE, forthcoming special issue: "Sexuality and

Cyberspace," ed. Stacy Horn and Theresa Senft.

    The issue is to include a "Feminist Yellow Pages of Cyberspace,"

listing resources across the feminist community.

 

Zoe, Lucinda Rhea.  "Women's Studies: Curriculum Materials Online." 

WOMEN ONLINE: RESEARCH IN WOMEN'S STUDIES USING ONLINE DATABASES,

ed.

Steven D. Atkinson and Judith Hudson, pp.351-368.  New York: Haworth

Press, 1990.  

 

ELECTRONIC RESOURCES



    Here are some actual online resources on the topic of "Women and

Information Technology," only a sampling of what is available. 

Wherever possible, multiple points of access have been noted, including

print versions, gopher and Web sites, ftp addresses, and the like. 

Because this listing is necessarily outdated before it appears in

print, be advised that there will be additions/deletions/changes in

this listing on a regular basis.  Although a number of "article-type"

online resources appeared during the early 1990's, there has been much

less available lately, perhaps indicating that most discussions are

occurring on a more informal level within various email lists or via

personal email.  Note that World Wide Web browsers are case sensitive;

enter the addresses exactly as indicated.





Agre, Phil.  "The Gender Politics of `Exploring' the Net."  THE NETWORK

OBSERVER online serial] v.1, no.10 (October 1994).  10p.  URL:

http://weber.ucsd.edu/~pagre/tno/october-1994.html#net   

Almstrum, Vicki and panelists.  "Improving Mentoring for Women in

Computer Science Fields: Joint Panel for 1993 CSC & SIGCSE Technical

Symposium, Feb. 18, 1993."  1993.  URL: http://www.inform.umd.edu:8080/EdRes/Topic/

WomensStudies/Computing/Articles+ResearchPapers

    Vicki Almstrum moderates a panel of three (Paul Myers, Cindy Brown,

and Barbara Simons) talking about mentoring programs. Part of the 1993

CSCand SIGSCE Technical Symposium February 18, 1993; version posted is

March 30, 1993.  

 

THE ARACHNET ELECTRONIC JOURNAL ON VIRTUAL CULTURE online serial] v.2,

no.3 (July 26, 1994); special issue: "Gender Issues in Computer

Networking," ed. Leslie Regan Shade.  Available via

ftp://byrd.mu.wvnet.edu/pub/ejve/EUVCV2N3.PACKAGE or at URL:

gopher://gopher.cic.net and select "Electronic Serials"/"CIC E-journals

Collection" then look under alphabetic list for Electronic Journal on

Virtual Culture, v .2, no.3

    Includes: "The Accessibility of Computers to Organizations Serving

Women in the Province of Newfoundland" (Ellen Balka and Laurel

Doucette); "Guidelines for an Introduction to Networking: A Review of

the Literature" (Sally Jo Cunningham); "Weavers of Webs: A Portrait of

Young Women on the Net" (Nancy Kaplan and Eva Farrell); and "Cross-

Gender Communication in Cyberspace" (Gladys We). (See separate entries

for each, with URLs.)

 

Balka, Ellen and Laurel Doucette.  "The Accessibility of Computers to

Organizations Serving Women in the Province of Newfoundland:

Preliminary Study Results."  THE ARACHNET ELECTRONIC JOURNAL ON VIRTUAL

CULTURE online serial] v.2, no.3, July 26, 1994.  URL:

gopher://gopher.cic.net and select Electronic Serials/CIC E-journals

Collection and look under alphabetic list for Electronic Journal on

Virtual Culture v.2, no.3

 

Balka, Ellen.  "Women's Access to On-line Discussions About Feminism." 

(CPSR Internet Library)  ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATIONS/La Revue

Electronique de Communication online serial] v.3, no.1 (February

1993).  URL: http://www.cpsr.org/cpsr/gender/access.discuss.fem

    A history of feminist networks, bulletin boards, and discussion

lists.  

 

Broadhurst, Judith.  "Bridging the Gender Gap."  NETGUIDE online

serial] no.301 (January 1, 1996): 84.  4p.  URL:

http://techweb.cmp.com/net/issues/016issue/016gender.htm 

    Broadhurst explores why women, according to a recent survey, make up

only one-third of Internet users.

 

Bruckman, Amy S.  "Gender Swapping on the Internet."  1993.  URL:

http://www.inform.umd.edu:8080/EdRes/Topic/WomensStudies/Computing/A

rticles+ResearchPapers/gender-swapping

    Discussion of MUDs ("text-based multi-user virtual reality

environment" or "multi-user dungeon") and the gendered characters that

participants take on.  

 

Carlstead, Sara M.  "The Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in

Computing: One Student's Experience."  ACM CROSSROADS: THE

INTERNATIONAL ACM STUDENT JOURNAL no.1.1 (September 1994).  2p.  URL:

http://info.acm.org/crossroads/xrds1-1/hopper.html  

 

Carmichael, James V., Jr.  "It Only Hurts When I Flame: Civility Rights

vs. Civil Rights on the Information Highway."  1994.  From Association

of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) WSS/EBSS Meeting at American

Library Association meeting, Miami, Florida, June 27, 1994. URL:

http://www.inform.umd.edu:8080/EdRes/Topic/WomensStudies/Computing/

Articles +ResearchPapers/civility-rights-civil-rights

    Looks at the possibilities of "androgynous communication" within

cyberspace, and current gender inequity in communication.

 

Chaika, Melissa.  "Ethical Considerations in Gender-Oriented

Entertainment Technology."  ACM CROSSROADS: THE INTERNATIONAL ACM

STUDENT JOURNAL no.2.2 (November 1995).  3p. URL:

http://info.acm.org/crossroads/xrds2-2/gender.html  

 

CMU'S SCS WOMEN'S PAGE.  URL: http://www/.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/

org/women/www/home.html 

    This page from women at the Computer Science School at Carnegie

Mellon University includes pointers to many sources on women in

computer science found at other locations.

 

Cottrell, Janet.  "I'm a Stranger Here Myself: A Consideration of Women

in Computing."  Association for Computing Machinery,  1992.  URL:

http://www.cpsr.org/cpsr/gender/cottrell.stranger

    Explores the dropout rate of women computer science students, looks

at the assumptions about gender differences, gender bias in software,

and suggests ways to encourage women.

 

CPSR: WOMEN AND COMPUTING.  URL:

http://cpsr.org/dox/program/gender/gender.html 

    A listing of links to a number of "women and computing resources,"

including those at specific schools, plus selected papers on the topic. 



 

Cranor, Lorrie Faith.  "An Alternative Review of Doom 2."  ACM

CROSSROADS: THE INTERNATIONAL ACM STUDENT JOURNAL no.1.3 (February

1995).  2p.  URL: http://info.acm.org/crossroads/xrds1-3/games.html  

 

Cunningham, Sally Jo.  "Guidelines for an Introduction to Networking:

A Review of the Literature."  THE ARACHNET ELECTRONIC JOURNAL ON

VIRTUAL CULTURE online serial] v.2, no.3 (July 26, 1994).  URL:

gopher://gopher.cic.net and select Electronic serials/CIC E-journals

Collections, then look under the alphabetic list for Electronic Journal

on Virtual Culture, v.2, no.3.

 

DeBare, Ilana.  "Logged On or Left Out?"  THE SACRAMENTO BEE (January

1996).  URL: http://www.nando.net/sacbee/women/ 

    This substantial series includes articles on "Women in the Computer

Industry," "Profiles" (a look at four women in the computer business),

"Secretaries and Computers," "Women On-line," "Girls and Computing,"

"Girls and Video Games," and "Raising Computer-savvy Kids."



THE ELECTRONIC SALON: FEMINISM MEETS INFOTECH.  April 1992.  Collection

of papers delivered at the electronic conference in connection with the

11th Annual Gender Studies Symposium, Lewis and Clark College, April

1992.  Most papers are available at URL:

http://snyside.sunnyside.com/cpsr/gender/clark/

    Includes: "Computers and Their Bodies: Sex, War and Cyberspace"

(Deborah Heath); "Electronic Networks: Safe for Women?" (Cheris

Kramarae and Jeanie Taylor); and "Making Minds: Sexual and Reproductive

Metaphors in the Discourses of the Artificial Intelligence Movement"

(Sue Currry Jansen).



FEMINA: WOMEN & COMPUTERS.  URL: http://www.femina.com/femina/computers

    Offers links to a number of computer science and networking

resources.



GEEKGIRL.  1995- .  P.O. Box 759, Newtown NSW, 2042, Australia  URL:

http://www.next.com.au/spyfood/geekgirl 

    A "Webzine" from Australia, available both online and in print by

subscription.

 

Heath, Deborah.  "Computers and Their Bodies: Sex, War, and

Cyberspace."  1992.  20p. URL:

http://snyside.sunnyside.com/cpsr/gender/clark/Health.Deborah 

    Paper presented at The Electronic Salon: Feminism Meets Infotech in

connection with the 11th Annual Gender Studies Symposium held at Lewis

and Clark College, 1992.

 

Herring, Susan.  "Gender Differences in Computer-Mediated

Communication: Bringing Familiar Baggage to the New Frontier."  1994. 

URL: http://www.cpsr.org/cpsr/gender/herring.txt 

    Speech given at the American Library Association's convention in

Miami, Florida, June 27, 1994.

 

Hinkel, Susan R.  "Technology and Gender."  NEW TECH NEWS (March 1992). 

URL:gopher://milkyway.wils.wisc.edu (the Wisconsin Interlibary

Services gopher menu) and choose New Tech News/New Tech News/March

1992/Technology and Gender

 

Hudson, Judith and Kathleen A. Turek.  ELECTRONIC ACCESS TO RESEARCH ON

WOMEN: A SHORT GUIDE.  2nd ed. (version 2.5).  Albany, NY: Institute

for Research on Women, University at Albany,  1994.  (c/o Publications,

Social Sciences 341, University at Albany, 1400 Washington Ave.,

Albany, NY 12222)  52p.  URL:gopher://cscgoph2.ALBANY.EDU/ then select

Academic Departments, Women's Studies, Women's Studies Network

Resources, and * * Guide by Hudson and Turek.  Print version available

for $8, check payable to Research Foundation at SUNY, sent to address

above.

    Also available in print (see above), this guide offers "how-to" for

email, electronic discussion groups, ftp, gopher, World Wide Web, and

other uses of the Internet for women.

 

Hunt, Laura.  "Sources for Women's Studies/Feminist Information on the

Internet." 4th ed.  Spring 1995.  URL:

gopher://una.hh.lib.umich.edu:70/00/inetdirsstacks/women%3ahunt 

    Hunt's listing of Internet resources for women's studies includes the

basics of how to access gopher servers, library catalogs, email, free

networks, ftp, and the like, plus descriptions and access for the

numerous listserv discussion groups available for women.



Jansen, Sue Curry.  "Making Minds: Sexual and Reproductive Metaphors in

the Discourses of the Artificial Intelligence Movement."  URL:

http://snyside.sunnyside.com/cpsr/gender/clark/Jansen.Sue

    Paper presented for "The Electronic Salon: Feminism Meets Infotech,"

in connection with the 11th Annual Gender Studies Symposium at Lewis

and Clark College, April 1992.



Kaplan, Nancy and Eva Farrell.  "Weavers of Webs: A Portrait of Young

Women on the Net."  THE (ARACHNET) ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF VIRTUAL

CULTURE v.2, no.3 (July 26, 1994).  URL:gopher://gopher.cic.net then

select "Electronic serials/CIC E-journals Collection and look under the

alphabetical list for Electronic Journal on Virtual Culture, v.2, no.3

or use: ftp://byrd.mu.wrnet.edu/pub/ejvc/KAPLAN.V2N3

    Investigates a small group of young women, asking with whom and how

they interact via electronic links, and how they view their

communications and relationships on the Net.

 

Kramarae, Cheris and Jeanie Taylor.  "Electronic Networks: Safe for

Women?"  March 1992.  8p.  URL:

http://snyside.sunnyside.com/cpsr/gender/clark/Kramarae-Taylor 

    A paper produced for The Electronic Salon: Feminism Meets Infotech

in connection with the 11th Annual Gender Studies Symposium at Lewis

and Clark College, 1992.



"LA Times Roundtable on Women in Computing."  March - April 1994.  URL:

http://www.inform.umd.edu:8080/EdRes/Topic/WomensStudies/Computing/

Articles+ResearchPapers/la-times-roundtable

    Participants in this online dialogue include: Reva Basch (The Well),

Esther Dyson (computer analyst), Mary Flynn (from U.S. NEWS AND WORLD

REPORT), Karen Frankel, George Gilder (fellow at Discovery Institute,

Seattle), Wendy Kaminer (writer and public policy fellow at Radcliffe),

Robin Raskin (editor of PC MAGAZINE), and Jo Sanders (of the Gender

Equity Program at the City University of New York).

 

Lawley, Elizabeth Lane.  "Computers and the Communication of Gender." 

[1995.]  URL: http://www.itcs.com/elawley/gender.html 

    Includes the topics of "Technological Determinism," "Gender as a

Social Construction," and "Where Does the Future of Gender in a Virtual

World Lie?"  

 

Leveson, Nancy G.  "Educational Pipeline Issues for Women."  COMPUTING

RESEARCH NEWS (October 1990/January 1991).  URL:

http:/www.ai.mit.edu/people/ellens/Gender/pipeline.html

    Discusses the low enrollment and high dropout rates among women in

computer science.

 

McDonough, Jerome.  "Web-sters' Net-Work: Women in Information

Technology."  URL: http://lucien.berkeley.edu/women_in_it 

    A listing of resources useful for women in library and information

science, computer science, and information technology: bibliographies,

directories, useful Web pages, organizations, and more.

 

Michel, Kathleen.  "Gender Differences in Computer-mediated

Conversations."  8p.  URL:gopher://gopher.kidlink.org:70/00/arc/KIDPLAN.RESRCH00  

 

Mulvaney, Becky Michele.  "Gender Differences in Communication: An

Intercultural Experience."  1994.  URL: http://www.cpsr.org/gender/mulvaney.txt  

 

O'Hare, Sharon L. and Arnold S. Kahn.  "A Computer Bulletin Board in

Women's Studies Courses."  URL:http://www.inform.umd.edu/Educational_Resources/

AcademicResourcesByTopic/WomensStudies/Computing/Articles+ResearchPapers/

email+womensstudies. 

    Examines the postings on a computer bulletin board set up for an

introductory women's studies evening class team-taught in 1992.

 

Pearl, Amy, et al.  "Becoming A Computer Scientist: A Report by the ACM

Committee on the Status of Women in Computing Science."  COMMUNICATIONS

OF THE ACM v.33, no.11 (November 1990): 47-58.  URL:

http://cpsr.org/cpsr/gender/becoming.comp.sci  

 

PLEIADES NETWORKS: AN INTERNET RESOURCE FOR WOMEN.  URL: 

http://www.softaid.net/~pleiades/ 

    The network offers to "assist women in learning how to use the

Internet," help women's organizations/companies get onto the World Wide

Web, and "serve as a clearinghouse for information of interest to

women."

 

Resnick, Rosalind, ed.  "Women Online: Executive Summary."  Interactive

Publishing Alert,  1995.  URL: http://www.netcreations.com/ipa/women.htm 

    Sponsored by Apple Computer, this survey of some 300 women on various

online services concluded that women are more interested in

communication uses (email and bulletin boards) than software

downloading and shopping.  Full text edition also available ($495

online; $695 paper).



SEA CHANGE online serial].  URL: http://www.igc.apc.org/vsister/sea/one/index.html 

    Produced by the Virtual Sisterhood online list, the August 1995 issue

includes links to online groups worldwide, news from the Beijing World

Conference on Women about electronic organizing, and news of the VS Web

development team.  May be retrieved in English, French, or German.

Coordinator of the Virtual Sisterhood list is Barbara Ann O'Leary.



"Sex, Lies and Computer Networks: Playing Down Power and Violence in

Virtual Worlds."  January 20, 1994.  URL: http://www.inform.umd.edu:8080/EdRes/

Topic/WomensStudies/Computing/Articles+ResearchPapers/pornography+computing

    A summary by Janice Swan of a panel discussion including: Dr.

Caecilia Innreiter-Moser (member of Network Services at Johannes Kepler

University, Linz, Austria); Christoph Lechner (JKU Computer Center);

Bigga Rodeck (Hamburg University, Germany); Dr. Maria Bauer (Justice

Department, Vienna); Andreas Neubacher (student at JKU); and Dr. Marie-

Luise Angerer (University of Salzberg, Austria).  The discussion

concerns the University's decision in October 1993 to block use of four

online news groups that broadcast pornographic material.  

 

Shade, Leslie Regan.  "Gender Issues Bibliography."  March 1994.  URL:

http://www/cpsr.org/cpsr/gender/gender.biblio  

 

Shade, Leslie Regan.  "Gender Issues in Computer Networking."  1993. 

URL: http://www.cpse.org/cpsr/gender/leslie_regan_shade.txt 

    From a talk given at Community Networking: The International Free-Net

Conference, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada, August 17-19, 1993. 

Shade examines the participation of women in computer science, in

networking (most lists are predominantly male, and even feminist lists

often include a large percentage of men), social interaction on the

net, and the possibilities for enhancing women's experience with

cyberspace.  Another version is found in WOMEN, WORK, AND

COMPUTERIZATION: BREAKING OLD BOUNDARIES, BUILDING NEW FORMS, ed.

by Alison Adam (New York: Elsevier, 1994), pp.91-105.

 

Spertus, Ellen.  "Gender Benders."  URL:

http://www.ai.mit.edu/people/ellens/Gender/humor.html

    A brief collection of humorous incidents in the lives of women

computer professionals dealing with a world dominated by men.

 

Spertus, Ellen.  "Thoughts on Web Pages Listing Women."  May 22, 1995. 

URL: http://www.ai.mit.edu/people/ellens/Gender/webwomen.html 

    Discussion of several (men's)online listings of the Web pages of

women, in one case with photo ratings.

 

Spertus, Ellen.  "Why Are There So Few Female Computer Scientists?" 

MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, 1991.  (MIT Artificial

Intelligence Laboratory, technical report no.1315)  112p. Available in

Hypertext or Postscript at URL:

http://www.ai.mit.edu/people/ellens/Gender/why.html

    Spertus discusses societal pressures against being successful, how

male-dominated environments discourage women, the language

inequalities, some interventions that have failed, and some

recommendations for improving the situation.



Spertus, Ellen.  "Women and Computer Science."  URL:

http://www.ai.mit.edu/people/ellens/gender.html 

    Ellen Spertus' home page on WWW, includes links to a number of  online

documents at other gopher/Web sites, plus Spertus' own writing.

 

"Statistical Trends in Computer Science."  Computing Research

Association.  URL: http://cra.org/CSStats/Trends.html 

    Statistical information, taken from SCIENCE & ENGINEERING 1993

INDICATORS (National Science Board), on computer sciencedegree

production, women in computer science, and minorities in computer

science 1975-1991.

 

Strok, Dale.  "Women in AI."  IEEE EXPERT v.7, no.4 (August 1992). 

URL: http://www.cpsr.org/cpsr/gender/ieee.txt 

    An examination of the field of artificial intelligence research and

how women are faring.

 

"TAP References - Women in CS."  URL:

http://www.cs.yale.edu/HTML/YALE/CS/HyPlans/tap/cs-women-refs.html 

    An up-to-date bibliography on women in computer science, with some

cites retrievable as text files.

  

"TAP References - Women in Cyberspace."  URL:

http://www.cs.yale.edu/HTML/YALE/CS/ HyPlans/tap/cyber-women-refs.html 

    A bibliography on women and network computing.

 

"TAP: The Ada Project: Tapping Internet Resources for Women in

Computing."  URL:

http://www.cs.yale.edu/HTML/YALE/CS/HyPlans/tap/tap.html 

    Includes several bibliographies, calls for papers, employment

resources, fellowships and grant information, announcements, a "photo

gallery" of women in computing, and pointers to other Web sites,

gophers, etc.

  

Truong, Hoia-An, et al.  "Gender Issues in Online Communications."  In

conjunction with BAWit (Bay Area Women in Telecommunications), version

4.3,  1993.  URL: http://www.cpsr.org/cpsr/gender/bawit.cfp93

 

VIRTUAL SISTERHOOD.  URL: http://www.igc.apc.org/vsister/

    This "global women's electronic support network" is committed to

promoting feminist organizing through "electronic communications use

within the global women's movement."  The Web site includes a directory

of international women's electronic resources, information on a Web

development team to help those moving toward an online presence, and a

newsletter (see separate entry for SEA CHANGE).

 

Wagstaff, Kiri, comp.  "Women Undergrads in Computer Science."  URL:

http://wwwscience.html.unimelb.edu.au/cielle/women/wucs.html 

    Some current information on internships in industry, organizations,

email lists, conferences, and other resources of interest to women in

computer science.

 

We, Gladys.  "Cross-Gender Communication in Cyberspace."  THE ARACHNET

ELECTRONIC JOURNAL ON VIRTUAL CULTURE online serial] v.2, no.3 (July

26, 1994).  URL: http://www.cpsr.org/cpsr/gender/we_cross_gender or

ftp://byrd.mu.wvnet.edu/publejvc/WE.V2N3



WEBGRRLS.  URL: http://www.webgrrls.com/

    This "networking group for women interested in new media" includes

local chapters in addition to its electronic interface, hoping to help

women with job leads, instruction in using new technologies, mentoring,

and more.  

 

"Women and Information Technology: An Annotated Bibliography."  Urbana,

IL: Women, Information Technology, and Scholarship Colloquium, Center

for Advanced Study, University of Illinois-Champain/Urbana,  1996. 

URL: http://gertrude.art.uiuc.edu/wits/bibliography1.html 

    This broad-ranging bibliography, while frustrating to retrieve,

includes insightful annotations on works covering a variety of issues,

from "the impact of new technology on women's employment" to "feminist

assessments of technology, case studies of women's on-line databases

and networks," and "studies that document the gender gap in computer

use" (introduction).



WOMEN IN TECHNOLOGY DIRECTORY.  URL: http://www.sdsu.edu/wit

    A new but growing listing of women working in various information

technology fields.  Directory is alphabetical, entries including email

address, field, company/university, areas of expertise, projects, date

of entry, and more.

  

"Women Undergraduate Enrollment in Electrical Engineering and Computer

Science at MIT."  January 3, 1995.  URL:

http://www-swiss.ai.mit.edu/~hal/women-enrollment-comm/final-report.html

    A substantial report (a summary is also available) examining the

imbalance in male and female undergraduate enrollment in electrical

engineering/computer science at MIT, looking at possible causes, and

suggesting steps for addressing the imbalance.

 

"Women's Voices: Herstory Lesson: Fourteen Forums that Explore Social

and Personal Issues Affecting Women."  NETGUIDE online serial] no.203

(March 1, 1995): 136.  URL: http://techweb.cmp.com/net/cybergui/default2.html and 

enter the search term "herstory."


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