THE HISTORY OF WOMEN AND SCIENCE, HEALTH, AND TECHNOLOGY:
A BIBLIOGRAPHIC GUIDE TO THE PROFESSIONS AND THE DISCIPLINES

Reproduction (1816-2005)


ID: GLSHW-4.4.2
 
Reproduction (1816-2005)
 
The citations here cover the history of women's reproductive health and
childbearing, focusing especially on women's own experiences, and the history
of birth control measures and the birth control movement. DES treatment and its
menacing aftermath and involuntary sterilization are other topics covered. For
specifically technological aspects of reproduction, see the section
REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGY.
 
 1816     Acevedo, Zoila. "Abortion in Early America." WOMEN AND HEALTH 4
(1979): 159-167.
 
 1817     Anderton, Douglas L., and Bean, Lee L. "Birth Spacing and Fertility
Limitation: A Behavioral Analysis of a Nineteenth Century Frontier Population."
DEMOGRAPHY 22 (1985): 169-183.
 
 1818     Antler, Joyce, and Fox, Daniel M. "The Movement Toward a Safe
Maternity: Physician Accountablility in New York City, 1915-1940." BULLETIN OF
THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE 50, no.4 (Winter 1976): 569-595. Repr. in SICKNESS AND
HEALTH IN AMERICA, pp.490-506. Ed. by Judith Walzer Leavitt & Ronald L.
Numbers. 2nd ed. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.
 
 1819     Apfel, Roberta J., and Fisher, Susan M. TO DO NO HARM: DES AND THE
DILEMMA OF MODERN MEDICINE. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984.
 
 1820     Arms, Suzanne. IMMACULATE DECEPTION: A NEW LOOK AT WOMEN AND
CHILDBIRTH IN AMERICA. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1975.
 
 1821     Atkinson, Colin B., and Stoneman, William P. "`These Griping Greeffes
and Pinching Pange': Attitudes to Childbirth in Thomas Bentley's THE MONUMENT
OF MATRONES (1582)." SIXTEENTH CENTURY JOURNAL 21 (Summer 1990): 193-204.
 
 1822     Backhouse, Constance B. "The Celebrated Abortion Trial of Dr. Emily
Stower, Toronto, 1879." CANADIAN BULLETIN OF HISTORY/ BULLETIN CANADIEN
D'HISTOIRE DE LA MEDECINE 8 (1991): 159-187. "...one of the first doctors to be
tried for attempting to procure an abortion in nineteenth-century Canada..."
 
 1823     Banks, Joseph Ambrose, and Banks, Olive. FEMINISM AND FAMILY PLANNING
IN VICTORIAN ENGLAND. New York: Schocken Books, 1964.
 
 1824     Barkai, Ron. "A Medieval Hebrew Treatise on Obstetrics." MEDICAL
HISTORY 33 (January 1989): 96-119.
 
 1825     Bean, Lee L., Mineau, Geraldine P., and Anderton, Douglas L.
FERTILITY CHANGE ON THE AMERICAN FRONTIER: ADAPTATION AND INNOVATION. Berkeley:
University of California Press, 1990.
 
 1826     Bell, Susan E. "A New Model of Medical Technology Development: A Case
Study of DES." RESEARCH IN THE SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH CARE 4 (1986): 1-32.
 
 1827     Bichler, Joyce. DES DAUGHTERS: THE JOYCE BICHLER STORY. New York:
Avon, 1981.
 
 1828     Biller, Peter A. "Birth-Control in the West in the Thirteenth and
Early Fourteenth Centuries." PAST & PRESENT no.94 (February 1982): 3-26.
 
 1829     Biller, Peter A. "Childbirth in the Middle Ages." HISTORY TODAY 36
(August 1986): 42-49.
 
 1830     Bishop, Mary F. "The Early Birth Controllers of B.C." B.C. STUDIES 61
(Spring 1984): 64-84. British Columbia.
 
 1831     Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Renate. NOT OF WOMAN BORN: REPRESENTATION OF
CAESAREAN BIRTH IN MEDIEVAL AND RENAISSANCE CULTURE. Ithaca, NY: Cornell
University Press, 1990.
 
 1832     Bock, Gisela. "Racism and Sexism in Nazi Germany: Motherhood,
Compulsory Sterilization, and the State." SIGNS 8 (Spring 1983): 400-421.
 
 1833     Bogdan, Janet C. "Care or Cure? Childbirth Practices in 19th-Century
America." FEMINIST STUDIES 4 (1978): 92-99.
 
 1834     Bogdan, Janet C. "Childbirth in America, 1650-1990." In WOMEN,
HEALTH, AND MEDICINE IN AMERICA: A HISTORICAL HANDBOOK, ed. by Rima D. Apple,
pp.101-120. New York: Garland, 1990.
 
 1835     Bogdan, Janet C. "Losing Birth: The Erosion of Women's Control Over
and Knowledge About Birth, 1650-1900." In CHANGING EDUCATION: WOMEN AS RADICAL
AND CONSERVATORS, ed. by Joyce Antler and Sari Knopp Biklen, pp.83-101. Albany,
NY: State University of New York Press, 1990.
 
 1836     Borell, Merriley. "Biologists and the Promotion of Birth Control
Research, 1918-1938." JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF BIOLOGY 20, no.1 (Spring 1987):
51-87.
 
 1837     Borst, Charlotte G. "The Professionalization of Obstetrics:
Childbirth Becomes A Medical Specialty." In WOMEN, HEALTH, AND MEDICINE IN
AMERICA: A HISTORICAL HANDBOOK, ed. by Rima D. Apple, pp.197-216. New York:
Garland, 1990.
 1838     Brookes, Barbara. ABORTION IN ENGLAND, 1900-1967. New York: Croom
Helm, 1988.
 
 1839     Cates, Willard, Jr. "Abortion Attitudes of Black Women." WOMEN AND
HEALTH 2, no.3 (November-December 1979): 3-9.
 
 1840     Chandrasekhar, S. "A DIRTY, FILTHY BOOK": THE WRITINGS OF CHARLES
KNOWLTON AND ANNIE BESANT ON REPRODUCTIVE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIRTH CONTROL AND AN
ACCOUNT OF THE BRADLAUGH-BESANT TRIAL. Berkeley: University of California
Press, 1981. Includes the Bradlaugh-Besant edition of Knowlton's FRUITS OF
PHILOSOPHY, two of Besant's pamphlets on birth control, introductory essay,
bibliography.
 
 1841     (deleted)
 
 1842     Clarke, Adele E. "Controversy and the Development of Reproductive
Sciences." SOCIAL PROBLEMS 37 (February 1990): 18-37.
 
 1843     Cosslett, Tess. "Grantly Dick Read and Sheila Kitzinger: Towards a
Women-Centered Story of Childbirth." JOURNAL OF GENDER STUDIES 1 (1991): 29-43.
Analyzes Read's NATURAL CHILDBIRTH (1933) and Kitzinger's THE EXPERIENCE OF
CHILDBIRTH (1962).
 
 1844     Council on Scientific Affairs, American Medical Association. "Induced
Termination of Pregnancy Before and After Roe v. Wade: Trends in Mortality and
Morbidity of Women." JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 268 (1992):
3231-3239.
 
 1845     Crawford, Patricia. "The Construction and Experience of Maternity in
Seventeenth-Century England." In WOMEN AS MOTHERS IN PRE-INDUSTRIAL ENGLAND:
ESSAYS IN MEMORY OF DOROTHY McLAREN, ed. Valerie Fildes, pp.3-38. New York:
Routledge, 1990.
 
 1846     Cvornyek, Robert L., and Cvornyek, Dorothy L. "`I Know Something
Awful Is Going to Happen': Abortion in Early Twentieth Century Alabama."
SOUTHERN STUDIES 24 (Summer 1985): 229-232.
 
 1847     Davey, Claire. "Birth Control in Britain During the Interwar Years:
Evidence from the Stopes Correspondence." JOURNAL OF FAMILY HISTORY 13, no.3
(July 1988): 329-346.
 
 1848     Davis, Nanette J. FROM CRIME TO CHOICE: THE TRANSFORMATION OF
ABORTION IN AMERICA. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1985.
 
 1849     Dayton, Cornelia Hughes. "Taking the Trade: Abortion and Gender
Relations in an Eighteenth-Century New England Village." WILLIAM AND MARY
QUARTERLY 48 (January 1991): 19-49.
 
 1850     Delacy, Margaret. "Puerperal Fever in Eighteenth-Century Britain."
BULLETIN OF THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE 63 (Winter 1989): 521-556.
 
 1851     DelCastillo, Adelaida R. "Sterilization: An Overview." In MEXICAN
WOMEN IN THE UNITED STATES: STRUGGLES PAST AND PRESENT, ed. by Magdalena Mora
and Adelaide R. DelCastillo. Los Angeles: UCLA Chicano Studies Resources
Center, 1980.
 
 1852     Devitt, Neal. "The Transition From Home to Hospital Birth in the
United States, 1930-1960." BIRTH AND FAMILY JOURNAL 1, no.4 (Summer 1977):
45-58.
 
 1853     Djerassi, Carl. THE POLITICS OF CONTRACEPTION. New York: Norton,
1979.
 
 1854     Dobbie, B.M. Willmott. "An Attempt to Estimate the True Rate of
Maternal Mortality, Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries." MEDICAL HISTORY 26
(January 1982): 79-89.
 
 1855     Dodd, Dianne. "Women's Involvement in the Canadian Birth Control
Movement of the 1930s: The Hamilton Clinic." In DELIVERING MOTHERHOOD: MATERNAL
IDEOLOGIES AND PRACTICES IN THE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES, ed. by Katherine
Arnup, Andree Levesque, and Ruth Roach Pierson, pp.150-172. New York:
Routledge, 1990.
 
 1856     Drucker, Dan. ABORTION DECISIONS OF THE SUPREME COURT, 1973 THROUGH
1989: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW WITH HISTORICAL COMMENTARY. Jefferson, NC:
McFarland, 1990.
 
 1857     Dundes, Lauren. "The Evolution of Maternal Birthing Position."
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 77 (May 1987): 636-641.
 
 1858     Dutton, Diana B. "DES and the Elusive Goal of Drug Safety." In WORSE
THAN THE DISEASE: PITFALLS OF MEDICAL PROGRESS, pp.31-90. New York: Cambridge
University Press, 1988.
 
 1859     Dye, Nancy Schrom. "History of Childbirth in America." SIGNS 6, no.1
(Autumn 1980): 97-108. Review essay.
 
 1860     Dye, Nancy Schrom. "Modern Obstetrics and Working-Class Women: The
New York Midwifery Dispensary, 1890-1920." JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HISTORY 20 (Spring
1987): 549-564.
 
 1861     Eagan, Andrea Boroff. "200 Years of Childbirth." PARENTS 60 (December
1985): 174+.
 
 1862     Edwards, Margot, and Waldorf, Mary. RECLAIMING BIRTH: HISTORY AND
HEROINES OF AMERICAN CHILDBIRTH REFORM. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1984.
 
 1863     Fenichell, Stephen, and Charfoos, Lawrence S. DAUGHTERS AT RISK: A
PERSONAL D.E.S. HISTORY. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1981.
 
 1864     Fildes, Valerie, ed. WOMEN AS MOTHERS IN PRE-INDUSTRIAL ENGLAND:
ESSAYS IN MEMORY OF DOROTHY MCLAREN. New York: Routledge, 1990.
 
 1865     Fitzpatrick, Ellen F. "Childbirth and an Unwed Mother in Seventeenth-
Century New England." SIGNS 8 (1983): 744-749. Commentary on and text of a
seventeenth-century document.
 
 1866     Fox, Enid. "Powers of Life and Death: Aspects of Maternal Welfare in
England and Wales Between the Wars." MEDICAL HISTORY 35 (1991): 328-352.
 
 1867     Frankel, Barbara. CHILDBIRTH IN THE GHETTO: FOLK BELIEFS OF NEGRO
WOMEN IN A NORTH PHILADELPHIA HOSPITAL WARD. San Francisco: R & E Research
Associates, 1977.
 
 1868     French, Valerie. "Midwives and Maternity Care in the Greco-Roman
World." HELIOS 13, no.2 (Fall 1986): 69-84. In special issue, "Rescuing Creusa:
New Methodological Approaches to Women in Antiquity."
 
 1869     Fried, Marlene Gerber, ed. FROM ABORTION TO REPRODUCTIVE FREEDOM:
TRANSFORMING A MOVEMENT. Boston: South End Press, 1990.
 
 1870     Fuchs, Rachel G. POOR AND PREGNANT IN PARIS: STRATEGIES FOR SURVIVAL
IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992.
 
 1871     Fuchs, Rachel G., and Knepper, Paul E. "Women in the Paris Maternity
Hospital: Public Policy in the Nineteenth Century." SOCIAL SCIENCE HISTORY 13,
no.2 (1989): 187-209.
 
 1872     Furth, Charlotte. "Concepts of Pregnancy, Childbirth and Infancy in
Ch'ing Dynasty China." JOURNAL OF ASIAN STUDIES 46 (February 1987): 7-37.
 
 1873     Gelis, Jacques. HISTORY OF CHILDBIRTH: FERTILITY, PREGNANCY, AND
BIRTH IN EARLY MODERN EUROPE. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press, 1991.
 
 1874     Gillam, Richard, and Bernstein, Barton J. "Doing Harm: The DES
Tragedy and Modern American Medicine." PUBLIC HISTORIAN 9 (1987): 57-82.
 
 1875     Gordon, Linda. "The Long Struggle for Reproductive Rights." RADICAL
AMERICA 15, nos.1/2 (1981): 75-88.
 
 1876     Gordon, Linda. "The Politics of Birth Control, 1920-1940: The Impact
of Professionals." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH SERVICES 5, no.2 (1975):
253-277.
 
 1877     Gordon, Linda. "Voluntary Motherhood: The Beginnings of Feminist
Birth Control Ideas in the United States." FEMINIST STUDIES 1, no.3/4
(Winter/Spring 1973): 5-22. Repr. in WOMEN AND HEALTH IN AMERICA: HISTORICAL
READINGS, pp.104-116. Ed. by Judith Walzer Leavitt. Madison: University of
Wisconsin Press, 1984. Also repr. in CLIO'S CONSCIOUSNESS RAISED: NEW
PERSPECTIVES ON THE HISTORY OF WOMEN, pp.54-71. Ed. by Mary S. Hartman and Lois
Banner. New York: Harper & Row, 1974.
 
 1878     Gordon, Linda. "Who is Frightened of Reproductive Freedom for Women
and Why? Some Historical Answers." FRONTIERS: A JOURNAL OF WOMEN'S STUDIES 9,
no.1 (1986): 23-26.
 
 1879     Gordon, Linda. "Why Nineteenth-Century Feminists Did Not Support
`Birth Control' and Twentieth-Century Feminists Do." In RETHINKING THE FAMILY,
ed. by Barrie Thorne with Marilyn Yalom, pp.40-53. New York: Longman, 1982.
 
 1880     Gordon, Linda. WOMAN'S BODY, WOMAN'S RIGHT: A SOCIAL HISTORY OF BIRTH
CONTROL IN AMERICA. New York: Grossman, 1976; New York: Penguin, 1990. Rev. and
updated ed.
 
 1881     Green, Dorothy, and Murdock, Mary-Elizabeth, eds. THE MARGARET SANGER
CENTENNIAL CONFERENCE, NOVEMBER 13 & 14, 1979. Northampton, MA: The Sophia
Smith Collection, Smith College, 1982. Includes transcripts of presentations
and discussions by Linda Gordon, James Reed, and Elizabeth Fee, plus summaries
of other panels, on "the relationship between the history of the birth control
movement and the issues surrounding the controversies concerning contemporary
reproductive rights," with special attention paid to the role of Margaret
Sanger.
 
 1882     Green, Shirley. THE CURIOUS HISTORY OF CONTRACEPTION. London: Ebury
Press, 1971.
 
 1883     Greep, Roy O., and Koblinsky, Marjorie A. FRONTIERS IN REPRODUCTION
AND FERTILITY CONTROL. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1977. Thirty-nine essays, plus
eighteen historical summary charts.
 
 1884     Greep, Roy O., Koblinsky, Marjorie A., and Jaffee, Frederick S.
REPRODUCTION AND HUMAN WELFARE: A CHALLENGE TO RESEARCH: A REVIEW OF THE
REPRODUCTIVE SCIENCES AND CONTRACEPTIVE DEVELOPMENT. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,
1976.
 
 1885     Harding, Wendy. "Medieval Women's Unwritten Discourse in Motherhood:
A Reading of Two Fifteenth-Century Texts." WOMEN'S STUDIES 21, no.2 (1992):
197-209.
 
 1886     Harper, John Paull. "Be Fruitful and Multiply: Origins of Legal
Restrictions on Planned Parenthood in Nineteenth-Century America." In WOMEN IN
AMERICA: A HISTORY, ed. Carol R. Berkin and Mary Beth Norton, pp.245-269.
Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979.
 
 1887     Henderson, Andrea. "Doll Machines and Butcher-Shop Meat: Models of
Childbirth in the Early Stages of Industrial Capitalism." GENDERS 12 (1991):
100-119.
 
 1888     Hiddinga, Anja. "Obstetrical Research in the Netherlands in the
Nineteenth Century." MEDICAL HISTORY 31 (July 1987): 281-305.
 
 1889     Himes, Norman. MEDICAL HISTORY OF CONTRACEPTION. Baltimore, MD:
Williams and Wilkins, 1936; repr. New York: Schocken Books, 1970.
 
 1890     Hoffert, Sylvia D. PRIVATE MATTERS: AMERICAN ATTITUDES TOWARD
CHILDBEARING AND INFANT NURTURE IN THE URBAN NORTH, 1800-1860. Urbana, IL:
University of Illinois Press, 1988.
 
 1891     Holmes, Helen B., Hoskins, Betty B., and Gross, Michael, eds. BIRTH
CONTROL AND CONTROLLING BIRTH: WOMEN-CENTERED PERSPECTIVES. Clifton, NJ:
Humana, 1980.
 
 1892     Jarrell, R.H. "Native American Women and Forced Sterilization,
1973-1976." CADUCEUS 8, no.3 (Winter 1992): 45-58.
 
 1893     Joffe, Carole. "Portraits of Three `Physicians of Conscience':
Abortion Before Legalization in the United States." AMERICAN SEXUAL POLITICS:
SEX, GENDER, AND RACE SINCE THE CIVIL WAR, ed. by John C. Fout & Maura Shaw
Tantillo. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.
 
 1894     Jordan, Brigitte. BIRTH IN FOUR CULTURES. Montreal: Eden Press, 1978.
Covers the American hospital, Dutch and Swedish midwifery, Mayan midwifery, and
home births in Mexico.
 
 1895     Katz, Esther. "The History of Birth Control in the United States." In
HISTORY OF MEDICINE, ed. Rebecca Greene. New York: Haworth Press, 1988. Also
published as TRENDS IN HISTORY 4, no.2-3 (1988): 81-101.
 
 1896     Keown, John. ABORTION, DOCTORS AND THE LAW: SOME ASPECTS OF THE LEGAL
REGULATION OF ABORTION IN ENGLAND FROM 1863-1982. New York: Cambridge
University Press, 1988.
 
 1897     Kevles, Daniel J. IN THE NAME OF EUGENICS: GENETICS AND THE USES OF
HUMAN HEREDITY. New York: Knopf, 1985.
 
 1898     King, Charles R. "The New York Maternal Mortality Study: A Conflict
of Professionalization." BULLETIN OF THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE 65 (1991):
476-502.
 
 1899     King, Charles R. "The Woman's Experience of Childbirth on the Western
Frontier." JOURNAL OF THE WEST 29, no.1 (1990): 76-84. Frontier women created
their own support systems for pregnancy and childbirth.
 
 1900     Laderman, Carol C. WIVES AND MIDWIVES: CHILDBIRTH AND NUTRITION IN
RURAL MALAYSIA. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984. Ethnographic
and ecological perspectives; blood and dietary analyses; how ecology and
beliefs affect childbirth.
 
 1901     Larson, Edward J. "Belated Progress: The Enactment of Eugenic
Legislation in Georgia." JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE AND ALLIED SCIENCES
46 (1991): 44-64.
 
 1902     Leavitt, Judith Walzer. "Birthing and Anesthesia: The Debate over
Twilight Sleep." SIGNS 6, no.1 (Autumn 1980): 147-164. Repr. in WOMEN AND
HEALTH IN AMERICA: HISTORICAL READINGS, pp.175-184. Ed. by Judith Walzer
Leavitt. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984.
 
 1903     Leavitt, Judith Walzer. BROUGHT TO BED: CHILDBEARING IN AMERICA,
1750-1950. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
 
 1904     Leavitt, Judith Walzer. "The Growth of Medical Authority: Technology
and Morals in Turn-of-the-Century Obstetrics." MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY QUARTERLY
1, no.3 (1987): 230-255.
 
 1905     Leavitt, Judith Walzer. "The Medicalization of Childbirth in the
Twentieth Century." TRANSACTIONS AND STUDIES OF THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS OF
PHILADELPHIA Series 5, 11 (1989): 299-319.
 
 1906     Leavitt, Judith Walzer. "`Science' Enters the Birthing Room:
Obstetrics in America Since the Eighteenth Century." JOURNAL OF AMERICAN
HISTORY 70, no.2 (September 1983): 281-304. Repr. in SICKNESS AND HEALTH IN
AMERICA: READINGS IN THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE AND PUBLIC HEALTH, pp.81-97. Ed.
by Judith Walzer Leavitt & Ronald L. Numbers. 2nd ed. Madison: University of
Wisconsin Press, 1985.
 
 1907     Leavitt, Judith Walzer. "Under the Shadow of Maternity: American
Women's Responses to Death and Debility Fears in Nineteenth-Century
Childbirth." FEMINIST STUDIES 12 (Spring 1986): 129-154.
 
 1908     Levesque, Andree. "Deviants Anonymous: Single Mothers at the H pital
de la Misericorde in Montreal, 1929-1939." In DELIVERING MOTHERHOOD: MATERNAL
IDEOLOGIES AND PRACTICES IN THE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES, ed. by Katherine
Arnup, Andree Levesque, and Ruth Roach Pierson, pp.108-125. New York:
Routledge, 1990.
 
 1909     Lewis, Jan, and Lockridge, Kenneth A. "`Sally Has Been Sick':
Pregnancy and Family Limitation Among Virginia Gentry Women, 1780-1830."
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HISTORY 22 (Fall 1988): 5-20.
 
 1910     Lewis, Jane. "The Ideology and Politics of Birth Control in Inter-war
England." WOMEN'S STUDIES 2, no.1 (1979): 33-48.
 
 1911     Lewis, Judith Schneid. IN THE FAMILY WAY: CHILDBEARING IN THE BRITISH
ARISTOCRACY, 1760-1860. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1986.
 
 1912     Lockwood, Rose Ann. "Birth, Illness, and Death in 18th-Century New
England." JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HISTORY 12 (Fall 1978): 111-128.
 
 1913     Logue, Barbara J. "The Case for Birth Control Before 1850: Nantucket
Reexamined." JOURNAL OF INTERDISCIPLINARY HISTORY 15 (Winter 1985): 371-391.
 
 1914     MacPike, Loralee. "The New Woman, Childbearing, and the
Reconstruction of Gender, 1880-1900." NWSA JOURNAL 1 (Spring 1989): 368-397.
 
 1915     Marshall, R.K. "17th Century Midwifery: The Treatment of
Miscarriage." NURSING MIRROR 155, no.24 (December 15, 1982): 31-36.
 
 1916     Martin, Emily. THE WOMAN IN THE BODY: A CULTURAL ANALYSIS OF
REPRODUCTION. Boston: Beacon, 1987. See section two, "Science as a Cultural
System." Martin, an anthropologist, compares medical metaphors for
menstruation, childbirth, and menopause to women's own description of these
events.
 
 1917     Mathews, Joan J., and Zadak, Kathleen. "The Alternative Birth
Movement in the United States: History and Current Status." WOMEN & HEALTH 17
(1991): 39-57.
 
 1918     Mathews, Joan J., and Zadak, Kathleen. "The Alternative Birth
Movement in the United States: History and Current Status." WOMEN & HEALTH 17,
no.1 (1991): 39-56.
 
 1919     McFalls, Joseph A., and Masnick, George S. "Birth Control and the
Fertility of the U.S. Black Population, 1880 to 1980." JOURNAL OF FAMILY
HISTORY 6 (1981): 89-106.
 
 1920     McGregor, Deborah Kuhn. "`Childbirth-Travells' and `Spiritual
Estates': Anne Hutchinson and Colonial Boston, 1634-1638." CADUCEUS 5, no.4
(1989): 1-33.
 
 1921     McIntosh, Karyl. "Folk Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Pediatrics in
Utica, New York." NEW YORK FOLKLORE 4 (1978): 49-59.
 
 1922     McLaren, Angus, and McLaren, Arlene Tigar. THE BEDROOM AND THE STATE:
THE CHANGING PRACTICES AND POLITICS OF CONTRACEPTION AND ABORTION IN CANADA,
1880-1980. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1986.
 
 1923     McLaren, Angus. BIRTH CONTROL IN NINETEENTH CENTURY ENGLAND: A SOCIAL
AND INTELLECTUAL HISTORY. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1978.
 
 1924     McLaren, Angus, and McLaren, Arlene Tigar. "Discoveries and
Dissimulations: The Impact of Abortion Deaths on Maternal Mortality in British
Columbia." In DELIVERING MOTHERHOOD: MATERNAL IDEOLOGIES AND PRACTICES IN THE
19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES, ed. by Katherine Arnup, Andree Levesque, and Ruth
Roach Pierson, pp.126-149. New York: Routledge, 1990.
 
 1925     McLaren, Angus. A HISTORY OF CONTRACEPTION: FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE
PRESENT DAY. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell, 1990.
 
 1926     McLaren, Angus. "`Keep Your Seats and Face Facts': Western Canadian
Women's Discussion of Birth Control in the 1920s." CANADIAN BULLETIN OF MEDICAL
HISTORY/ BULLETIN CANADIEN D'HISTOIRE DE LA MEDECINE 8 (1991): 189-201.
 
 1927     McLaren, Angus. SEXUALITY AND SOCIAL ORDER: THE DEBATE OVER THE
FERTILITY OF WOMEN AND WORKERS IN FRANCE, 1770-1920. New York: Holmes & Meier,
1983.
 
 1928     McMillen, Sally G. MOTHERHOOD IN THE OLD SOUTH: PREGNANCY,
CHILDBIRTH, AND INFANT REARING. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University
Press, 1990.
 
 1929     Melcher, Mary. "Women's Matters: Birth Control, Prenatal Care, and
Childbirth in Rural Montana, 1910-1940." MONTANA, THE MAGAZINE OF WESTERN
HISTORY 41, no.2 (Spring 1991): 47-56.
 
 1930     Miller, Lawrence G. "Pain, Parturition, and the Profession: Twilight
Sleep in America." In HEALTH CARE IN AMERICA: ESSAYS IN SOCIAL HISTORY, ed. by
Susan Reverby & David Rosner, pp.19-44. Philadelphia: Temple University Press,
1979.
 
 1931     Milligan, B. Carol. "Nursing Care and Beliefs of Expectant Navajo
Women (Part 1)." AMERICAN INDIAN QUARTERLY 8, no.2 (1984): 83-101.
 
 1932     Mitford, Jessica. THE AMERICAN WAY OF BIRTH. New York: Dutton/William
Abrams, 1992.
 
 1933     Mohr, James C. ABORTION IN AMERICA: THE ORIGINS AND EVOLUTION OF
NATIONAL POLICY, 1800-1900. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
 
 1934     Mohr, James C. "Patterns of Abortion and the Response of American
Physicians, 1790-1930." In WOMEN AND HEALTH IN AMERICA: HISTORICAL READINGS,
ed. by Judith Walzer Leavitt, pp.117-123. Madison: University of Wisconsin
Press, 1984.
 
 1935     Morton, Marian J. AND SIN NO MORE: SOCIAL POLICY AND UNWED MOTHERS IN
CLEVELAND, 1855-1990. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1993.
 
 1936     Murphy, John M. "`To Create a Race of Thoroughbreds': Margaret Sanger
and `The Birth Control Review.'" WOMEN'S STUDIES IN COMMUNICATION 13 (1990):
23-45.
 
 1937     Murphy-Lawless, Jo. "The Silencing of Women in Childbirth or Let's
Hear It From Bartholomew and the Boys." WOMEN'S STUDIES INTERNATIONAL FORUM 11,
no.4 (1988): 293-298.
 
 1938     Nelson, Margaret K. "Working-Class Women, Middle-Class Women, and
Models of Childbirth." SOCIAL PROBLEMS 30 (1983): 284-297.
 
 1939     Neuman, R. "Working Class Birth Control in Wilhelmine Germany."
COMPARATIVE STUDIES IN SOCIETY AND HISTORY 20 (1978): 408-428.
 
 1940     Nicoll, Christine E., and Weisbord, Robert G. "The Early Years of the
Rhode Island Birth Control League." RHODE ISLAND HISTORY 45 (November 1986):
111-125.
 
 1941     Oakley, Ann. THE CAPTURED WOMB: A HISTORY OF THE MEDICAL CARE OF
PREGNANT WOMEN. New York: B. Blackwell, 1984.
 
 1942     Oppenheimer, Jo. "Childbirth in Ontario: The Transition from Home to
Hospital in the Early Twentieth Century." In DELIVERING MOTHERHOOD: MATERNAL
IDEOLOGIES AND PRACTICES IN THE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES, ed. by Katherine
Arnup, Andree Levesque, and Ruth Roach Pierson, pp.51-74. New York: Routledge,
1990.
 
 1943     Pereira-Pennisi, D. "Childbirth as Depicted in Eighteenth- and
Nineteenth-Century Fiction in Britain." HISTORY OF NURSING BULLETIN 2, no.1
(1988): 8-16.
 
 1944     Petchesky, Rosalind. "Antiabortion, Antifeminism, and the Rise of the
New Right." FEMINIST STUDIES 7 (1981): 206-246.
 
 1945     Poirier, Suzanne. "Women's Reproductive Health." In WOMEN, HEALTH,
AND MEDICINE IN AMERICA: A HISTORICAL HANDBOOK, ed. by Rima D. Apple,
pp.217-245. New York: Garland, 1990.
 
 1946     Pollock, Linda A. "Embarking on a Rough Passage: The Experience of
Pregnancy in Early-Modern Society." In WOMEN AS MOTHERS IN PRE-INDUSTRIAL
ENGLAND: ESSAYS IN MEMORY OF DOROTHY MCLAREN, ed. Valerie Fildes, pp.39-67. New
York: Routledge, 1990.
 
 1947     Porges, Robert F. "The Response of the New York Obstetrical Society
to the Report by the New York Academy of Medicine on Maternal Mortality,
1933-1934." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY 152 (July 15, 1985):
642-649.
 
 1948     Potts, Malcolm, Diggory, Peter, and Peel, John. ABORTION. Cambridge,
England: Cambridge University Press, 1977. Covers historical, sociological,
clinical, demographic, and ethical aspects.
 
 1949     Potts, Malcolm, and Wood, Clive, eds. NEW CONCEPTS IN CONTRACEPTION:
A GUIDE TO DEVELOPMENTS IN FAMILY PLANNING. Baltimore, MD: University Park
Press, 1972. Models for progress: United Kingdom, 1919-1959, and People's
Republic of China, 1957-1971, etc.
 
 1950     Powers, Marla N. "Menstruation and Reproduction: An Oglala Case."
SIGNS 6 (1980): 54-65.
 
 1951     Quiroga, Virginia A. Metaxas. POOR MOTHERS AND BABIES: A SOCIAL
HISTORY OF CHILDBIRTH AND CHILD CARE INSTITUTIONS IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY NEW
YORK CITY. New York: Garland, 1989.
 
 1952     Radcliffe, Walter. MILESTONES IN MIDWIFERY. Bristol, England: Wright,
1967.
 
 1953     Ramirez de Arellano, Annette B., and Seipp, Conrad. COLONIALISM,
CATHOLICISM, AND CONTRACEPTION: A HISTORY OF BIRTH CONTROL IN PUERTO RICO.
Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1983.
 
 1954     Ramusack, Barbara N. "Embattled Advocates: The Debate over Birth
Control in India, 1920-1940." JOURNAL OF WOMEN'S HISTORY 1 (Fall 1989): 34-64.
 
 1955     Ray, Joyce M. "American Physicians and Birth Control, 1936-1947."
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HISTORY 18 (Spring 1985): 399-411.
 
 1956     Reagan, Leslie J. "`About to Meet Her Maker': Women, Doctors, Dying
Declarations, and the State's Investigation of Abortion, Chicago, 1867-1940."
JOURNAL OF AMERICAN HISTORY 77 (March 1991): 1240-1264.
 
 1957     Reed, James. THE BIRTH CONTROL MOVEMENT AND AMERICAN SOCIETY: FROM
PRIVATE VICE TO PUBLIC VIRTUE. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983.
 
 1958     Reed, James. "Doctors, Birth Control, and Social Values, 1830-1970."
In THERAPEUTIC REVOLUTION: ESSAYS IN THE SOCIAL HISTORY OF HUMAN MEDICINE, ed.
by Morris J. Vogel & Charles E. Rosenberg, pp.109-134. Philadelphia: University
of Pennsylvania Press, 1979. Repr. in WOMAN AND HEALTH IN AMERICA: HISTORICAL
READINGS, pp.124-139. Ed. by Judith Walzer Leavitt. Madison: University of
Wisconsin Press, 1984.
 
 1959     Reed, James. FROM PRIVATE VICE TO PUBLIC VIRTUE: THE BIRTH CONTROL
MOVEMENT AND AMERICAN SOCIETY SINCE 1830. New York: Basic Books, 1978. Repr. as
THE BIRTH CONTROL MOVEMENT IN AMERICAN SOCIETY. Princeton, NJ: Princeton
University Press, 1983.
 
 1960     Reed, James. "Public Policy on Human Reproduction and the Historian."
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HISTORY 18 (Spring 1985): 383-398.
 
 1961     Reilly, Philip R. "Involuntary Sterilization in the United States: A
Surgical Solution." QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY 62 (1987): 153-170.
 
 1962     Reilly, Philip R. THE SURGICAL SOLUTION: A HISTORY OF INVOLUNTARY
STERILIZATION IN THE UNITED STATES. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University
Press, 1991.
 
 1963     Reynolds, Sian. "Who Wanted the Cr ches? Working Mothers and the
Birth-rate in France, 1900-1950." CONTINUITY AND CHANGE: A JOURNAL OF SOCIAL
STRUCTURE, LAW, AND DEMOGRAPHY IN PAST SOCIETIES 5 (1990). In the special
issue: LAW AND SOCIAL POLICY: RESPONSES TO FERTILITY DECLINE IN EUROPE,
1900-1950.
 
 1964     Riddle, John M. CONTRACEPTION AND ABORTION FROM THE ANCIENT WORLD TO
THE RENAISSANCE. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.
 
 1965     Riddle, John M. "Oral Contraceptives and Early-Term Abortifacients
During Classical Antiquity and the Middle Ages." PAST & PRESENT 132 (August
1991): 3-32.
 
 1966     Robertson, William H. AN ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF CONTRACEPTION: A
CONCISE ACCOUNT OF THE QUEST FOR FERTILITY CONTROL. Carnforth, England:
Parthenon, 1990.
 
 1967     Rodrique, Jessie M. "The Black Community and the Birth Control
Movement." In PASSION AND POWER: SEXUALITY IN HISTORY, ed. Kathy Peiss and
Christina Simmons. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989.
 
 1968     Rose, June. MARIE STOPES AND THE SEXUAL REVOLUTION. Boston, MA: Faber
and Faber, 1992.
 
 1969     Ross, Loretta J. "African-American Women and Abortion: A Neglected
History." JOURNAL OF HEALTH CARE FOR THE POOR AND UNDERSERVED 3 (1992):
274-284.
 
 1970     Rothman, Barbara Katz. IN LABOR: WOMEN AND POWER IN THE BIRTHPLACE.
New York: Norton, 1982. 1984 Penguin ed. published as GIVING BIRTH:
ALTERNATIVES IN CHILDBIRTH.
 
 1971     Sakokwenonkas. "Pregnancies and the Mohawk Tradition." CANADIAN WOMAN
STUDIES/ LES CAHIERS DE LA FEMME 10, nos.2/3 (Summer/Fall 1989): 115-116.
 
 1972     Sandelowski, Margarete. "Failures of Volition: Female Agency and
Infertility in Historical Perspectives." SIGNS 15 (Spring 1990): 475-499.
 
 1973     Sandelowski, Margarete. PAIN, PLEASURE AND AMERICAN CHILDBIRTH: FROM
THE TWILIGHT SLEEP TO THE READ METHOD, 1914-1960. Westport, CT: Greenwood
Press, 1984.
 
 1974     Sauer, R. "Attitudes Toward Abortion in America, 1800-1973."
POPULATION STUDIES 28, no.1 (March 1974): 53-67.
 
 1975     Savage, Wendy. "The Management of Obstetric Pain." In THE HISTORY OF
THE MANAGEMENT OF PAIN, FROM EARLY PRINCIPLES TO PRESENT PRACTICE, ed. Ronald
D. Mann. Carnforth, England: Parthenon, 1988.
 
 1976     Scholten, Catherine M. "`On the Importance of the Obstetric Art':
Changing Customs of Childbirth in America, 1760-1825." WILLIAM AND MARY
QUARTERLY 34 (1977): 426-445. Repr. in WOMEN AND HEALTH IN AMERICA: HISTORICAL
READINGS, pp.142-154. Ed. by Judith Walzer Leavitt. Madison: University of
Wisconsin Press, 1984.
 
 1977     Scholten, Catherine M. CHILDBEARING IN AMERICAN SOCIETY, 1650-1850.
New York: New York University Press, 1985.
 
 1978     Seaman, Barbara, and Seaman, Gideon. WOMEN AND THE CRISIS IN SEX
HORMONES. New York: Rawson Associates, 1977. Effects of hormone therapy;
history and economics; marketing; lack of research on male contraceptives.
 
 1979     Seligman, Stanley A. "The Lesser Pestilence: Non-Epidemic Puerperal
Fever." MEDICAL HISTORY 35 (1991): 89-102.
 
 1980     Shearer, Madeline H. "Maternity Patients' Movements in the United
States 1820-1985." In EFFECTIVE CARE IN PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, ed. Iain
Calmers, et al., pp.110-130. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
 
 1981     Silberman, Sara Lee. "Pioneering in Family-Centered Maternity and
Infant Care: Edith B. Jackson and the Yale Rooming-In Research Project."
BULLETIN OF THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE 64 (Summer 1990): 262-287.
 
 1982     Smith-Rosenberg, Carroll. "The Abortion Movement and the AMA,
1850-1880." In DISORDERLY CONDUCT: VISIONS OF GENDER IN VICTORIAN AMERICA,
pp.217-244. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
 
 1983     Soloway, Richard A. DEMOGRAPHY AND DEGENERATION: EUGENICS AND THE
DECLINING BIRTHRATE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY BRITAIN. North Carolina, 1990.
 
 1984     Spensky, Martine. "Producers of Legitimacy: Homes for Unmarried
Mothers in the 1950s." In REGULATING WOMANHOOD: HISTORICAL ESSAYS ON MARRIAGE,
MOTHERHOOD AND SEXUALITY, ed. by Carol Smart, pp.100-118. New York: Routledge,
1992.
 
 1985     Stowe, Steven M. "Obstetrics and the Work of Doctoring in the Mid-
Nineteenth-Century American South." BULLETIN OF THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE 64
(Winter 1990): 540-566.
 
 1986     Strong-Boag, Veronica, and McPherson, Kathryn. "The Confinement of
Women: Childbirth and Hospitalization in Vancouver, 1919-1939." In DELIVERING
MOTHERHOOD: MATERNAL IDEOLOGIES AND PRACTICES IN THE 19TH AND 20TH C


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Content of Bibliography last updated in 1993.
Format converted September 10, 1999.