THE HISTORY OF WOMEN AND SCIENCE, HEALTH, AND TECHNOLOGY:
A BIBLIOGRAPHIC GUIDE TO THE PROFESSIONS AND THE DISCIPLINES

Natural, Biological and Life Sciences (850-1006)


ID: GLSHW-3.5
 
Natural, Biological and Life Sciences (850-1006)
 
This section covers the traditional natural sciences, particularly botany, and
such newer fields as microbiology, environmental science, and genetics.
Primatology, veterinary science, and experimental psychology are some of the
special fields covered here, along with the role of women in the conservation
movement or as observers of nature.
 
GENERAL
 
 850      Ainley, Marianne G. "The Involvement of Women in the American
Ornithologists' Union." In A CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS'
UNION, 1883-1983, ed. K.B. Sterling and M.G. Ainley. Washington: 1987.
 
 851      Ainley, Marianne G. "Last in the Field? Canadian Women Natural
Scientists, 1815-1965." In DESPITE THE ODDS: ESSAYS ON CANADIAN WOMEN AND
SCIENCE, ed. by Marianne Gosztonyi Ainley, pp.25-62. Montreal: Vehicule Press,
1990.
 
 852      Allen, David E. "The Women Members of the Botanical Society of
London, 1836-56." BRITISH JOURNAL FOR THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE 13 (1980):
240-254.
 
 853      Baker, Gladys. "Women in the United States Department of
Agriculture." AGRICULTURAL HISTORY 50 (1976): 190-201.
 
 854      Bennett, Jennifer. LILIES OF THE HEARTH: THE HISTORICAL RELATIONSHIP
BETWEEN WOMEN & PLANTS. Camden East, Ont.: Camden House, 1991.
 
 855      Brouwer, Christien. "Nature in Terms of Femininity: The Case of
Nineteenth Century Plant Geography." COMMUNICATION & COGNITION 21 (1988):
129-132.
 
 856      Burrage, Hilary F. "Women University Teachers of Natural Science,
1971-72: An Empirical Study." SOCIAL STUDIES OF SCIENCE 13, no.1 (February
1983): 147-160."
 
 857      Burstyn, Joan N. "Early Women in Education: The Role of the Anderson
School of Natural History." JOURNAL OF EDUCATION 159, no.3 (August 1977):
50-64.
 
 858      Churchill, Frederick. "Sex and the Single Organism." STUDIES IN THE
HISTORY OF BIOLOGY 3 (1979): 139-177.
 
 859      Davies, Katherine. "Historical Associations: Women and the Natural
World." WOMEN AND ENVIRONMENTS 9, no.2 (Spring 1987): 4-6.
 
 860      FOREST & CONSERVATION HISTORY 34, no.1 (January 1990); Special Issue:
"Special Issue on Women's Roles in Conservation History."
 
 861      Furumoto, Laurel, and Scarborough, Elizabeth. "Placing Women in the
History of Psychology: The First American Women Psychologists." In RE-PLACING
WOMEN IN PSYCHOLOGY: READINGS TOWARD A MORE INCLUSIVE HISTORY, ed. Janis S.
Bohan, pp.87-99. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 1992.
 
 862      Griffin, Susan. WOMAN AND NATURE: THE ROARING INSIDE HER. New York:
Harper & Row, 1978. Exploration of Western patriarchal attitudes toward the
natural world and toward women, who are perceived as closer to nature than are
men.
 
 863      Haraway, Donna. PRIMATE VISIONS: GENDER, RACE, AND NATURE IN THE
WORLD OF MODERN SCIENCE. New York: Routledge, 1989.
 
 864      Haraway, Donna. "Signs of Dominance." STUDIES IN THE HISTORY OF
BIOLOGY 5 (1981): 129-219.
 
 865      Herrick, John B. "Veterinarians All." JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN
VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 201 (August 15, 1992): 554.
 
 866      Holmes, F. W., and Heybroek, H. M. DUTCH ELM DISEASE; THE EARLY
PAPERS: SELECTED WORKS OF SEVEN DUTCH WOMEN PHYTOPATHOLOGISTS. St. Paul, MN:
American Phytopathological Society, 1990.
 
 867      James, C. "Women in the Forest Service: The Early Years." FOREST
SERVICE HISTORY LINE (Spring 1990): 7-11. Repr. in JOURNAL OF FORESTRY 89, no.3
(1991): 14-17.
 
 868      Kahle, Jane Butler. "Women Biologists: A View and a Vision."
BIOSCIENCE 35, no.4 (April 1985): 230-234.
 
 869      Kashket, Eva R., et al. "Status of Women Microbiologists." SCIENCE
183, no.4124 (8 February 1974): 488-494.
 
 870      Kass-Simon, G. "Biology Is Destiny." In WOMEN OF SCIENCE: RIGHTING
THE RECORD, ed. by G. Kass-Simon & Patricia Farnes, pp.215-267. Bloomington,
IN: Indiana University Press, 1990.
 
 871      Lowe, Marian. "The Impact of Feminism on the Natural Sciences." In
THE KNOWLEDGE EXPLOSION: GENERATIONS OF FEMINIST SCHOLARSHIP, ed. Cheris
Kramarae & Dale Spender, pp.161-171. New York: Teachers College Press, 1992.
Reviews the impact of feminism on science in general and on the natural
sciences in particular since the late 1960s.
 
 872      Merchant, Carolyn. "Earthcare: Women and the Environmental Movement."
ENVIRONMENT 23 (1981): 8-40
 
 873      Merchant, Carolyn. ECOLOGICAL REVOLUTIONS: NATURE, GENDER, AND
SCIENCE IN NEW ENGLAND. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1989.
 
 874      Merchant, Carolyn. "Gender and Environmental History." THE JOURNAL OF
AMERICAN HISTORY 76 (March 1990): 1117-1121.
 
 875      Merchant, Carolyn. "Women of the Progressive Conservation Movement:
1900-1916." ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW 8, no.1 (Spring 1984): 57-86. Part of a
special interdisciplinary issue on "Women and Environmental History."
 
 876      Morawski, Jill G., and Agronick, Gail. "A Restive Legacy: The History
of Feminist Work in Experimental and Cognitive Psychology." PSYCHOLOGY OF WOMEN
QUARTERLY 15 (December 1991): 567-579.
 
 877      Norwood, Vera L. MADE FROM THIS EARTH: AMERICAN WOMEN AND NATURE.
Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1993. Contributions of
American women botanists, biologists, conservationists, ornithologists and
others to the study of nature from the 19th century to the present.
 
 878      O'Hern, Elizabeth M. "Women in Biological Sciences." In EXPANDING THE
ROLE OF WOMEN IN THE SCIENCES, ed. by Anne M. Briscoe & Sheila Pfafflin,
pp.110-124. (ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, 323; 1979.) Statistics
from the 1960s and 70s.
 
 879      Peterson, Abby, and Merchant, Carolyn. "`Peace With the Earth': Women
and the Environmental Movement in Sweden." WOMEN'S STUDIES INTERNATIONAL FORUM
9, no.5/6 (1986): 465-479.
 
 880      Primack, Richard B., and O'Leary, Virginia. "Cumulative Disadvantages
in the Careers of Women Ecologists." BIOSCIENCE 43 (March 1993): 158-165.
 
 881      Ranney, S.A.G. "Women and the History of American Conservation."
WOMEN IN NATURAL RESOURCES 11, no.3: 44-50.
 
 882      Rose, Hilary. "Hand, Brain, and Heart: A Feminist Epistemology for
the Natural Sciences." SIGNS 9, no.1 (Autumn 1983): 73-90. Assesses the
achievements of the radical critique of science and argues for a feminist
theoretical analysis grounded in the sexual division of manual, mental, and
reproductive labor. Repr. in SEX AND SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY, ed. by Sandra Harding
and Jean F. O'Barr, pp.265-282.
 
 883      Rose, Hilary, and Rose, Steven, eds. IDEOLOGY OF/IN THE NATURAL
SCIENCES. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1980.
 
 884      Rudolph, Emanuel D. "How It Developed That Botany Was the Science
Thought Most Suitable for Victorian Young Ladies." CHILDREN'S LITERATURE 2
(1973): 92-97.
 
 885      Rudolph, Emanuel D. "Women in Nineteenth Century American Botany: A
Generally Unrecognized Constituency." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 69, no.8
(September 1982): 1346-1355. Surveys women's contributions to botany, citing
many names and statistics.
 
 886      Rudolph, Emanuel D. "Women Who Studied Plants in the Pre-Twentieth
Century United States and Canada." TAXON 39, no.2 (May 1990): 151-205.
 
 887      Shteir, Ann B. "Botany in the Breakfast Room: Women and Early
Nineteenth-Century British Plant Study." In UNEASY CAREERS AND INTIMATE LIVES:
WOMEN IN SCIENCE, 1789-1979, ed. Pnina G. Abir-Am and Dorinda Outram, pp.31-43.
New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1987.
 
 888      Shteir, Ann B. "Linnaeus's Daughters: Women and British Botany." In
WOMEN AND THE STRUCTURE OF SOCIETY: SELECTED RESEARCH FROM THE FIFTH BERKSHIRE
CONFERENCE ON THE HISTORY OF WOMEN, ed. by Barbara J. Harris & JoAnn K.
McNamara, pp.67-73. Durham: Duke University Press, 1984. Surveys the 18th and
19th centuries.
 
 889      Shteir, Ann B. "Women and Plants: A Fruitful Topic." ATLANTIS 6, no.2
(Spring 1981): 114-122.
 
 890      Spanier, Bonnie. "Gender and Ideology in Science: A Study of
Molecular Biology." NWSA JOURNAL 3, no.2 (1991): 167-198.
 
 891      Stevens, Gwendolyn, and Gardner, Sheldon. THE WOMEN OF PSYCHOLOGY.
Cambridge, MA: Schenkman, 1982. 2 vol.
 
 892      Vetter, Betty M. "Women in the Natural Sciences." SIGNS 1, no.3, pt.1
(Spring 1976): 713-720. Assesses status of women scientists in the mid-1970s.
 
BIOGRAPHIES AND STUDIES OF INDIVIDUALS
 
NOTE: In the index to NOTABLE AMERICAN WOMEN, edited by Edward T. James, et al.
(3 vols., Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971), see "Biologists,"
"Botanists and Horticulturalists," and "Naturalists." In NOTABLE AMERICAN
WOMEN: THE MODERN PERIOD, edited by Barbara Sicherman and Carol Hurd Green
(Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1980), see "Biology," "Botany,"
"Conservation," "Medicine-Researchers" (for microbiologists and biochemists),
and "Nutrition" (especially biochemists). WOMEN IN THE SCIENTIFIC SEARCH: AN
AMERICAN BIO-BIBLIOGRAPHY, 1724-1979, by Patricia Joan Siegel and Kay Thomas
Finley (Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1985) employs numerous categories for this
general area. Brief obituaries of women botanists (e.g., Clara Cummings, Annie
Morrill Smith, E.M. Dunham, Caroline Haynes, Annie Lorenz, Elizabeth G.
Britton) may be found in the BULLETIN OF THE TORREY BOTANICAL CLUB, THE
BRYOLOGIST, JOURNAL OF THE NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN, SCIENCE, and RHODORA.
 
 893      Abir-Am, Pnina G. "Synergy or Clash: Disciplinary and Marital
Strategies in the Career of Mathematical Biologist Dorothy Wrinch." In UNEASY
CAREERS AND INTIMATE LIVES: WOMEN IN SCIENCE, 1789-1979, ed. Pnina G. Abir-Am
and Dorinda Outram, pp.239-280. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press,
1987.
 
 894      Ainley, Marianne G. "Field Work and Family: North American Women
Ornithologists, 1900-1950." In UNEASY CAREERS AND INTIMATE LIVES: WOMEN IN
SCIENCE, 1789-1979, ed. Pnina G. Abir-Am and Dorinda Outram, pp.60-76. New
Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1987.
 
 895      "Aleen Cust: First Woman Veterinary Surgeon." VETERINARY RECORD 115
(December 22-29, 1984): 639.
 
 896      Allen, David E. "The First Woman Pteridologist." BRITISH
PTERIDOLOGICAL SOCIETY BULLETIN 1, no.6 (1978): 247-249.
 
 897      Allen, David E., and Lousley, Dorothy W. "Some Letters to Margaret
Stovin (1756?-1846), Botanist of Chesterfield." NATURALIST 104 (1979): 155-163.
 
 898      Allen, Nessy. "Australian Women in Science: Two Unorthodox Careers."
WOMEN'S STUDIES INTERNATIONAL FORUM 15, nos. 5/6 (1992): 551-562. Examines the
careers of animal geneticist Helen Newton Turner and marine biologist Isobel
Bennett.
 
 899      Arber, Agnes. "Ethel Sargant." NEW PHYTOLOGIST 18 (March/April 1919):
120-128.
 
 900      Arber, Muriel A. "A List of Published Works of Agnes Arber, E.A.N.
Arber and Ethel Sargant." JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE BIBLIOGRAPHY OF
NATURAL HISTORY 4, no.7 (1968): 370-384. See also supplementary listing by
Rudolf Schmid and Muriel A. Arber, with "Biographical Notes" by William T.
Stern. JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE BIBLIOGRAPHY OF NATURAL HISTORY 8, no.2
(1977): 180-183.
 
 901      Baldwin, Richard S. THE FUNGUS FIGHTERS: TWO WOMEN SCIENTISTS AND
THEIR DISCOVERY. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981. Microbiology,
mycology. Biographies of Rachel Brown and Elizabeth Lee Hazen.
 
 902      Barnhart, John Hendley. "The Published Work of Elizabeth Gertrude
Britton." BULLETIN OF THE TORREY BOTANICAL CLUB 62, no.1 (January 1935): 1-17.
An exhaustive bibliography of the writings of Britton (1858-1934), a leading
specialist in mosses, ferns, and flowering plants.
 
 903      Bartow, Virginia. "Philosophical Studies by the Duchess of
Newcastle." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 34 (1957): 82.
 
 904      Benson, Maxine. MARTHA MAXWELL, ROCKY MOUNTAIN NATURALIST. Lincoln:
University of Nebraska Press, 1986. Biography of Maxwell (1831-1881), a woman
pioneer in natural history, taxidermy, and museology.
 
 905      Bischoff, Charles. THE HARD ROAD: THE LIFE STORY OF AMALIE DIETRICH,
NATURALIST, 1821-1891. London: Hopkinson, 1931.
 
 906      Blaydes, Sophia B. "Nature Is a Woman: The Duchess of Newcastle and
17th-Century Philosophy." In MAN, GOD, AND NATURE IN THE ENLIGHTENMENT, ed.
Donald C. Mell et al., pp.51-64. East Lansing, MI: Colleagues Press, 1988. On
natural philosopher Margaret Cavendish.
 
 907      Bolzau, Emma Lydia. ALMIRA HART LINCOLN PHELPS: HER LIFE AND WORK.
Lancaster, PA: Science Press, 1936. Phelps (1793-1884) was a science textbook
author and writer on botany, chemistry, and natural history.
 
 908      Bonta, Marcia Myers. WOMEN IN THE FIELD: AMERICA'S PIONEERING WOMEN
NATURALISTS. College Station, TX: Texas A & M University, 1991.
 
 909      Bowman, Lindsey E. "Rachel Carson: The Genesis of SILENT SPRING."
MICHIGAN ACADEMICIAN: PAPERS OF THE MICHIGAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCE, ARTS, AND
LETTERS 19 (1987): 373-380.
 
 910      Brightwen, Eliza Elder. ELIZA BRIGHTWEN, THE LIFE AND THOUGHTS OF A
NATURALIST. London: Leipsic, T.F. Unwin, 1909. Also available in microfilm as
number 5698 of the History of Women collection (Woodbridge, CT: Research
Publications, 1977.)
 
 911      Brooks, Paul. THE HOUSE OF LIFE: RACHEL CARSON AT WORK. Boston: 1972;
Boston: G.K. Hall, 1989. Biography of a leading U.S. ecologist.
 
 912      Bryant, Jennifer. MARJORY STONEMAN DOUGLAS: VOICE OF THE EVERGLADES.
Frederick, MD: Twenty-First Century Books, 1992.
 
 913      Carr, Florence H. HELEN BLACKBURN HOOVER: SCIENTIST, NATURALIST,
WRITER. Roseville, MN: F.H. Carr, 1990.
 
 914      Clark, Eugenie. LADY AND THE SHARKS. Sarasota, NY: Mote Marine Lab,
1991. Autobiography of an ichthyologist, reprinted from a 1969 edition.
 
 915      Clarke, Robert. ELLEN SWALLOW: THE WOMAN WHO FOUNDED ECOLOGY.
Chicago: Follett, 1973.
 
 916      Clarke, Robert. "The Woman Who Founded Ecology: Ellen Swallow
Richards." AWIS MAGAZINE 21, no.3 (May/June 1992): 14-15.
 
 917      Cleevely, R.J., Tripp, R.P., and Howell, Y. "Mrs. Elizabeth Grey
(1831-1924): A Passion for Fossils." BULLETIN OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM (NATURAL
HISTORY): HISTORICAL SERIES 17, no.2 (1989): 167-258.
 
 918      Cori, Carl F. "The Call of Science." ANNUAL REVIEW OF BIOCHEMISTRY 38
(1969): 1-20. Carl F. Cori's autobiography, containing much information on
Gerty T. Cori.
 
 919      Desmond, Ray. DICTIONARY OF BRITISH AND IRISH BOTANISTS AND
HORTICULTURISTS: INCLUDING PLANT COLLECTORS AND BOTANICAL ARTISTS. London:
Taylor & Francis, 1977. Many women noted, with brief biographical sketches and
areas of interest.
 
 920      Douglas, Marjory Stoneman with John Rothchild. MARJORY STONEMAN
DOUGLAS: VOICE OF THE RIVER. Englewood, FL: Pineapple Press, 1987.
 
 921      Drum, Sue, and Whitely, H. Ellen. WOMEN IN VETERINARY MEDICINE:
PROFILES OF SUCCESS. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 1991.
 
 922      Eifert, Virginia S. "Jane Colden, First Woman Botanist." In TALL
TREES AND FAR HORIZONS: ADVENTURES AND DISCOVERIES OF EARLY BOTANISTS IN
AMERICA, pp.49-62. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1965.
 
 923      Estey, Ralph. "Margaret Newton: Distinguished Canadian Scientist." In
DESPITE THE ODDS: ESSAYS ON CANADIAN WOMEN AND SCIENCE, ed. by Marianne
Gosztonyi Ainley, pp.236-247. Montreal: Vehicule Press; Buffalo, NY: U.S.
Distributor, University of Toronto Press, 1990.
 
 924      Evert, Ray F. "Katherine Esau." PLANT SCIENCE BULLETIN 31, no.5
(1985): 33-37.
 
 925      Fedoroff, Nina, and Botstein, David, eds. THE DYNAMIC GENOME: BARBARA
McCLINTOCK'S IDEAS IN THE CENTURY OF GENETICS. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold
Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 1992.
 
 926      Fink, Augusta. I-MARY: A BIOGRAPHY OF MARY AUSTIN. Tucson, AZ:
University of Arizona Press, 1983.
 
 927      Ford, Charlotte A. "Eliza Frances Andrews, Practical Botanist,
1840-1931." GEORGIA HISTORY QUARTERLY 70 (Spring 1986): 63-80.
 
 928      Fromer, Julie. JANE GOODALL: LIVING WITH THE CHIMPS. Frederick, MD:
Twenty-First Century Books, 1992.
 
 929      Fryer, G. "Sidnie Milana Manton, 4 May 1902 - 2 January 1979."
BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY 26 (1980): 327-356.
Zoologist.
 
 930      Furumoto, Laurel. "Joining Separate Spheres: Christine Ladd-Franklin,
Woman Scientist (1847-1930)." AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGIST 47, no.2 (February 1992):
175-182. An experimental psychologist who devised a theory of color vision.
 
 931      Fussell, G. E. "Some Lady Botanists of the Nineteenth Century, 4:
Elizabeth and Sarah Mary Fitton." GARDENERS' CHRONICLE 130 (1951): 179-181.
 
 932      Gage, Loretta, and Gage, Nancy. IF WISHES WERE HORSES: THE EDUCATION
OF A VETERINARIAN. New York: St. Martin's, 1992.
 
 933      Garfield, Eugene. "A Tribute to Miriam Rothschild: Entomologist
Extraordinaire." CURRENT CONTENTS (April 1984): 3-15.
 
 934      Gartner, Carol B. RACHEL CARSON. New York: Ungar, 1983.
 
 935      Gillett, Margaret. "Carrie Derick (1862-1941) and the Chair of Botany
at McGill." In DESPITE THE ODDS: ESSAYS ON CANADIAN WOMEN AND SCIENCE, ed. by
Marianne Gosztonyi Ainley, pp.74-87. Montreal: Vehicule Press, 1990.
 
 936      Gilpatrick, Naomi. "The Secret Life of Beatrix Potter." NATURAL
HISTORY 81, no.8 (October 1972): 38-41, 88-97. Potter, famous as the author and
illustrator of PETER RABBIT and other children's books, was a botanist thwarted
by discrimination against women.
 
 937      Gladstone, Valerie. "Marjory Stoneman Douglas." MS. 17
(January/February 1989): 68-71. Everglades preservationist.
 
 938      Goodall, Jane. THROUGH THE WINDOW: MY THIRTY YEARS WITH THE
CHIMPANZEES OF GOMBE. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1990.
 
 939      Haddock, Sally. THE MAKING OF A WOMAN VET. New York: Simon and
Schuster, 1985.
 
 940      Hall, Ruth. PASSIONATE CRUSADER: THE LIFE OF MARIE STOPES. New York:
Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1977.
 
 941      Harvey, Joy. "`Strangers to Each Other': Male and Female
Relationships in the Life and Work of Cl mence Royer." In UNEASY CAREERS AND
INTIMATE LIVES: WOMEN IN SCIENCE, 1789-1979, ed. Pnina G. Abir-Am and Dorinda
Outram, pp.147-171. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1987.
 
 942      Hayter-Hames, Jane. MADAME DRAGONFLY: THE LIFE AND TIMES OF CYNTHIA
LONGFIELD. Edinburgh: Pentland Press, 1991.
 
 943      Hollingsworth, Buckner. HER GARDEN WAS HER DELIGHT. New York:
Macmillan, 1962. Includes treatments of Jane Colden, pp.23-24, and Alice
Eastwood, pp.126-138.
 
 944      Houssay, B. A. "Carl F. and Gerty T. Cori." BIOCHIMICA AND BIOPHYSICA
ACTA 20 (1956): 11-16.
 
 945      Howe, Marshall A. "Elizabeth Gertrude Britton." JOURNAL OF THE NEW
YORK BOTANICAL GARDENS 35 (May 1934): 97-104.
 
 946      Hynes, H. Patricia. "Catalysts of the American Environmental
Movement: Profiles of Ellen Swallow, Lois Gibbs, and Rachel Carson." WOMAN OF
POWER no.9 (Spring 1988): 37-41, 78-80. Revised version of article appearing
WOMEN'S STUDIES INTERNATIONAL FORUM 8, no.4 (1985): 291-298.
 
 947      Hynes, H. Patricia. THE RECURRING SILENT SPRING. New York: Pergamon
Press, 1989.
 
 948      Kaufman, Polly Welts. "Challenging Tradition: Pioneer Women
Naturalists in the National Park Service." FOREST & CONSERVATION HISTORY 34,
no.1 (January 1990): 4-16.
 
 949      Keenan, Katherine. "Lilian Vaughan Morgan (1870-1952): Her Life and
Work." AMERICAN ZOOLOGIST 23 (1983): 867-876.
 
 950      Keller, Evelyn Fox. A FEELING FOR THE ORGANISM: THE LIFE & TIMES OF
BARBARA MCCLINTOCK. San Francisco: Freeman, 1983. Study of Barbara McClintock,
plant geneticist.
 
 951      Keller, Evelyn Fox. "One Woman and Her Theory." NEW SCIENTIST 111
(July 3, 1986): 46-50. On biologist Lynn Margulis.
 
 952      Kerling, L.C.P. et al. "Johanna Westerdijk: Pioneer Leader in Plant
Pathology." ANNUAL REVIEW OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY 24 (1986): 33-41.
 
 953      Kevles, Bettyann. WATCHING THE WILD APES: THE PRIMATE STUDIES OF
GOODALL, FOSSEY, AND GALDIKAS. New York: Dutton, 1976.
 
 954      Kitching, Jessie. "Two Women Botanists of Yosemite National Park."
NATURE STUDY 42, no.1/2 (October 1988): 6-8. On Mary Tresidder and Della Taylor
Moss.
 
 955      Kleineberger-Nobel, Emmy. MEMOIRS London: Academic Press, 1980.
Bacteriologist.
 
 956      Kofalk, Harriet. NO WOMAN TENDERFOOT: FLORENCE MERRIAM BAILEY,
PIONEER NATURALIST. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1989.
Bailey (b.1863) observed birds.
 
 957      Lang, Anton. "Elisabeth Schiemann: Life and Career of a Woman
Scientist in Berlin." In BOTANY IN BERLIN, ed. Hildemar Scholz, pp.17-28.
Berlin: Botanische Garten und Botanischen Museum Berlin-Dahlem, 1987.
 
 958      Loftus, Maryann F., Roane, Curtis W., and Roane, Martha K. "Muriel J.
O'Brien, 1915-1985 (obituary)." PHYTOPATHOLOGY 82 (April 1992): 379.
 
 959      Lurie, Alison. "Beatrix Potter: More Than Just Peter Rabbit." MS.
(September 1977): 42-45.
 
 960      "Margaret Cavendish: Natural Philosopher." In A HISTORY OF WOMEN
PHILOSOPHERS: 1600-1900, ed. by Mary Ellen Waithe, vol.3, pp.1-20. Dordrecht:
Kluwer Academic, 1991. Also repr. in WOMEN AND PHILOSOPHY, special issue of
DOCUMENTATION SUR LA RECHERCHE FEMINISTE 16 (1987): 60-61.
 
 961      McBeath, Lida W. "Eloise Gerry: A Woman of Forest Science." JOURNAL
OF FOREST HISTORY 22, no.3 (1978): 128-135.
 
 962      McCay, Mary A. RACHEL CARSON. New York: Twayne, 1993.
 
 963      Montgomery, Sy. WALKING WITH THE GREAT APES: JANE GOODALL, DIAN
FOSSEY, BIRUTE GALDIKAS. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin/Davison, 1991.
 
 964      Morell, Virginia. "Called `Trimates,' Three Bold Women Shaped Their
Field." SCIENCE 260 (April 16, 1993): 420-425. On Jane Goodall, Dian Fossey,
and Birute Galdikas. This article is part of a thematic section "Women in
Science '93: Gender and the Culture of Science."
 
 965      Needham, James G. "The Lengthened Shadow of a Man and His Wife."
SCIENTIFIC MONTHLY 62 (February 1946): 140-150; (March 1946): 219-232. Two-part
article covers John Henry Comstock and Anna Comstock's roles in developing the
Department of Entomology at Cornell.
 
 966      Norwood, Vera L. "The Nature of Knowing: Rachel Carson and the
American Environment." SIGNS 12, no.4 (Summer 1987): 740-760.
 
 967      Ochoa, Severo, and Kalckar, Herman M. "Gerty T. Cori, Biochemist."
SCIENCE 128, no.3314 (4 July 1958): 16-17.
 
 968      Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey. "The `New Look' Women and the Expansion of
American Zoology: Nettie Maria Stevens (1861-1912) and Alice Middleton Boring
(1883-1955)." In THE EXPANSION OF AMERICAN BIOLOGY, ed. Keith R. Benson et al.,
pp.52-79. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1991.
 
 969      Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey, and Choquette, Clifford J. "Nettie Maria
Stevens (1861-1912): Her Life and Contributions to Cytogenetics." PROCEEDINGS
OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY 125 (1981): 292-311.
 
 970      Paton, Lucy Allen. ELIZABETH CARY AGASSIZ: A BIOGRAPHY. Boston:
Houghton Mifflin, 1919.
 
 971      Pendergrass, Lee F. "Dispelling Myths: Women's Contributions to the
Forest Service in California." FOREST & CONSERVATION HISTORY 34, no.1 (January
1990): 17-25.
 
 972      Pincetl, Stephanie S. "The Peculiar Legacy of Progressivism: Claire
Dedrick's Encounter with Forest Practices Regulation in California." FOREST &
CONSERVATION HISTORY 34, no.1 (January 1990): 26-34.
 
 973      Randall, John. "Emmeline Jean Hanson, 14 November 1919 - 10 August
1973." BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY 21 (1975): 313-344.
Zoologist who specialized in muscle research.
 
 974      Remington, Jeanne E. "Katharine Jeannette Bush: Peabody's Mysterious
Zoologist." DISCOVERY 12 (1977): 3-8.
 
 975      Rose, June. MARIE STOPES AND THE SEXUAL REVOLUTION. Boston, MA: Faber
and Faber, 1992.
 
 976      Rudolph, Emanuel D. "Almira Lincoln Phelps (1793-1884) and the Spread
of Botany in 19th Century America." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 71 (1984):
1161-1167.
 
 977      Russell, Frederick. "Sheina Macalister Marshall, 20 April 1896 - 7
April 1977." BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY 24 (1978):
369-389. Marine biologist.
 
 978      Sarasohn, Lisa. "A Science Turned Upside Down: Feminism and the
Natural Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish." HUNTINGTON LIBRARY QUARTERLY 47,
no.4 (1984): 289-307.
 
 979      Sayre, Anne. ROSALIND FRANKLIN AND DNA. New York: Norton, 1975.
 
 980      Scarborough, Elizabeth. "Mrs. Ricord and Psychology for Women, Circa
1840." AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGIST 47 (February 1992): 274-280. On Elizabeth Stryker
Ricord, instructor at the Geneva Female Seminary, who wrote the first
comprenhesive textbook of what was to become the field of psychology.
 
 981      Scarborough, Elizabeth, and Furumoto, Laurel. UNTOLD LIVES: THE FIRST
GENERATION OF AMERICAN WOMEN PSYCHOLOGISTS. New York: Columbia University
Press, 1987.
 
 982      Schiebinger, Londa. "Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle:
Natural Philosopher (1617-1673)." RFR 16, no.3 (September 1987): 60-61.
 
 983      Schmid, Rudolf. "Annotated Bibliography of Works By and About Emily
Lovira Gregory (1841-1897)." BULLETIN OF THE TORREY BOTANICAL CLUB 114 (1987):
319-324.
 
 984      Schmid, Rudolf. "Edith R. Saunders and Floral Anatomy: Bibliography
and Index to Families She Studied." BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 74
(1977): 179-187.
 
 985      Scott, Robert C. "Adventures of the Bumming Botanists: From the Diary
of Nelle Stevenson, 1907." ESSAYS AND MONOGRAPHS IN COLORADO HISTORY 5 (1987):
67-77.
 
 986      Setchell, William Albert. "Townshend Stith Brandegee and Mary
Katherine (Layne) (Curran) Brandegee." UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PUBLICATIONS IN
BOTANY 13 (1924/27): 154-178. Memorial to a husband-and-wife botanist team,
with bibliographies of their works.
 
 987      Shmurak, Carole B., and Handler, Bonnie S. "Castle of Science: Mount
Holyoke College and the Preparation of Women in Chemistry, 1837-1941." HISTORY
OF EDUCATION QUARTERLY 32, no.3 (Fall 1992): 315-342.
 
 988      Shmurak, Carole B., and Handler, Bonnie S. "Lydia Shattuck: `A Streak
of the Modern.'" TEACHING EDUCATION 3, no.2 (Winter-Spring 1991): 127-131.
Shattuck taught chemistry and botany at Mount Holyoke in the mid-nineteenth
century.
 
 989      Shteir, Ann B. "Botanical Dialogues: Maria Jacson and Women's Popular
Science Writing in England." EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY STUDIES 23 (Spring 1990):
301-317.
 
 990      Shteir, Ann B. "Priscilla Wakefield's Natural History Books." In FROM
LINNEAUS TO DARWIN: COMMENTARIES ON THE HISTORY OF BIOLOGY AND GEOLOGY, ed. by
Alwyne Wheeler et al., pp.29-36. London: Society for the Study of Natural
History, 1985.
 
 991      Slack, Nancy G. "Nineteenth-Century American Women Botanists: Wives,
Widows, and Work." In UNEASY CAREERS AND INTIMATE LIVES: WOMEN IN SCIENCE,
1789-1979, ed. Pnina G. Abir-Am and Dorinda Outram, pp.77-103. New Brunswick,
NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1987.
 
 992      Smith, Beatrice Scheer. "Hannah English Williams: America's First
Woman Natural History Collector." SOUTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 87 (April
1986): 83-92.
 
 993      Smith, Beatrice Scheer. "Jane Colden (1724-1766) and Her Botanic
Manuscript." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 75 (July 1988): 1090-1096.
 
 994      Smith, Beatrice Scheer. "Maria L. Owen, Nineteenth-Century Nantucket
Botanist." RHODORA, JOURNAL OF THE NEW ENGLAND BOTANICAL CLUB 89, no.858
(1987).
 
 995      Stearn, William T. "Maria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717) as a Botanical
Artist." TAXON 31 (1982): 529-534.
 
 996      Sterling, Philip. SEA AND EARTH: THE LIFE OF RACHEL CARSON. New York:
Crowell, 1970.
 
 997      Stuckey, Ronald L. "E. Lucy Braun (1889-1971), Outstanding Botanist
and Conservationist: A Biographical Sketch, with Bibliography." THE MICHIGAN
BOTANIST 12 (March 1973): 83-106.
 
 998      Stuckey, Ronald L. WOMEN BOTANISTS OF OHIO: BORN BEFORE 1900: WITH
REFERENCE CALENDARS FROM 1776 TO 2028. Columbus, OH: RLS Creations, 1992.
 
 999      Thomas, H. Hamshaw. "Agnes Arber, 1879-1960." BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF
FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY 6 (November 1960): 1-11. Includes bibliography.
 
 1000     von Baeyer, Edwinna. "Isabella Preston, 1881-1964: An Explorer of the
Horticultural Frontier." In DESPITE THE ODDS: ESSAYS ON CANADIAN WOMEN AND
SCIENCE, ed. by Marianne Gosztonyi Ainley, pp.220-235. Montreal: Vehicule
Press; Buffalo, NY: U.S. distributor, University of Toronto Press, 1990.
 
 1001     Wallace, Robert, ed. ELEANOR ORMEROD, LL.D., ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGIST:
AUTOBIOGRAPHY AND CORRESPONDENCE. New York: Dutton, 1904.
 
 1002     Warner, Deborah J. GRACEANNA LEWIS: SCIENTIFIC AND HUMANITARIAN.
Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1979. Lewis (1821-1912) specialized
in ornithology and natural history.
 
 1003     Weisstein, Naomi. "`How Can a Little Girl Like You Teach a Great Big
Class of Men?' The Chairman Said, and Other Adventures of a Woman in Science."
In WORKING IT OUT: 23 WOMEN WRITERS, ARTISTS, SCIENTISTS AND SCHOLARS TALK
ABOUT THEIR LIVES AND WORK, ed. Sara Ruddick & Pamela Daniels, pp.241-250. New
York: Pantheon, 1977. From an experimental psychologist.
 
 1004     Wilson, Carol Green. ALICE EASTWOOD'S WONDERLAND: THE ADVENTURES OF A
BOTANIST. San Francisco: California Academy of Science, 1955.
 
 1005     Wood, Sharon E. "Althea Sherman and the Birds of Prairie and
Dooryard: A Scientist's Witness to Change." PALIMPSEST 70 (Winter 1989):
164-185.
 
 1006     Wystrach, V. P. "Anna Blackburne (1726-1793) - A Neglected Patron of
Natural History." JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE BIBLIOGRAPHY OF NATURAL
HISTORY 8, no.2 (1977): 148-168. Includes many quotations from primary sources.


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Content of Bibliography last updated in 1993.
Format converted September 10, 1999.