THE HISTORY OF WOMEN AND SCIENCE, HEALTH, AND TECHNOLOGY:
A BIBLIOGRAPHIC GUIDE TO THE PROFESSIONS AND THE DISCIPLINES

Chemistry (583-674)


ID: GLSHW-3.2
 
Chemistry (583-674)
 
Because women chemists contributed to many scientific fields, this section
overlaps with others. Some of the listings will also be found under HOME
ECONOMICS/DOMESTIC SCIENCE and NATURAL, BIOLOGICAL, AND LIFE SCIENCES in
particular. Besides the listings below, many short news items on the status of
women in chemistry have appeared over the years in CHEMICAL ENGINEERING NEWS.
 
REFERENCE
 
 583      Grinstein, Louise S., Rose, Rose K., and Rafailovich, Miriam H., eds.
WOMEN IN CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS: A BIOBIBLIOGRAPHIC SOURCEBOOK. Westport, CT:
Greenwood, 1993. Biographies of seventy-five chemists and physicists
accompanied by bibliographies of works by and about each.
 
GENERAL
 
 584      Adams, F. W. "Opportunities for Women as Research Bibliographers."
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 12 (January 1935): 581-583. Describes the
position of bibliographer in an industrial research organization, for which
"women are temperamentally well equipped."
 
 585      Chepelinsky, Ana Berta, et al. "Women in Chemistry: Part of the 51%
Minority." SCIENCE FOR THE PEOPLE 4, no.4 (July 1972): 4-8. Focuses on "the
mechanisms by which women are kept 'in their place' using chemistry as an
example." Repr. in SCIENCE AND LIBERATION, pp.257-266. Ed. by Rita Arditti, Pat
Brennan, and Steve Cavrak. Boston: South End Press, 1980.
 
 586      Cortelyou, Ethaline. "Counseling the Woman Chemistry Major." JOURNAL
OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 32 (April 1955): 196-197. Touts technical editing as a
career.
 
 587      Everett, K. G., and Deloach, W. S. "Chemistry Doctorates Awarded to
Women in the United States - A Historical Perspective." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL
EDUCATION 68, iss.7 (1991): 545-547.
 
 588      Farnsworth, Marie K. "Women in Chemistry: A Statistical Study."
INDUSTRIAL AND ENGINEERING CHEMISTY 3 (1925): 4.
 
 589      Foster, Mary Louise. "The Education of Spanish Women in Chemistry."
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 8, no.1 (January 1931): 30-34.
 
 590      French, Ethel L. "A Survey of the Training and Placement of Women
Chemistry Majors in Women's and Co-Educational Colleges." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL
EDUCATION 16 (December 1939): 574-577. Includes statistical tables.
 
 591      "The Future Role of Women in Science and the World." CHEMIST 57, no.1
(January 1980): 3-18. Twenty-three professional women share their views.
 
 592      Gramse, Erna L. "Women in Chemistry." CHEMIST 54, no.5 (1977): 14-15.
 
 593      Handler, Bonnie S., and Shmurak, Carole B. "Rigor, Resolve, Religion:
Mary Lyon and Science Education." TEACHING EDUCATION 3, no.2 (Winter/Spring
1991): 137-142. Lyon was the founder of Mount Holyoke College where she
established a chemistry department responsible for training many women
chemists.
 
 594      Hearsey, Evelyn. "The Woman Chemist in the Control Laboratory:
Training and Qualifications." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 16 (December 1939):
587. Brief statement about women's innate qualifications and training needs.
 
 595      Houlihan, Sherida, and Wotiz, John H. "Women in Chemistry Before
1900." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 52, no.6 (June 1975): 362-364.
Chronological account of key figures since antiquity.
 
 596      Hunter, Elizabeth. "Women as Patent Attorneys." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL
EDUCATION 16 (December 1939): 589-590. Suggests career pathways for working
with patents.
 
 597      Jones, Julie. "Women in Cereal Chemistry." FOODS WORLD 21, no.5 (May
1976): 206-208.
 
 598      Landis, W.S. "Women Chemists in Industry." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL
EDUCATION 16 (December 1939): 577-579. Discusses barriers to women's success in
industry -- primarily sex-typed upbringing and education, and women's own
"psychology."
 
 599      Lindee, M. Susan. "The American Career of Jane Marcet's CONVERSATIONS
ON CHEMISTRY, 1806-1853." ISIS 82 (March 1991): 8-23.
 
 600      Mason, Joan. "A Forty Years' War." CHEMISTRY IN BRITAIN 27 (1991):
233-238. On getting women admitted to the Chemical Society of London.
 
 601      Miller, Jane A. "Daughters of Isis: Women in Chemistry." 2YC
DISTILLATE 3, no.3 (1985): 1+.
 
 602      Miller, Jane A. "Women in Chemistry." In WOMEN OF SCIENCE: RIGHTING
THE RECORD, ed. by G. Kass-Simon & Patricia Farnes, pp.300-334. Bloomington,
IN: Indiana University Press, 1990.
 
 603      Nixon, Alan. "Changing Attitudes Toward Women in the Profession of
Chemistry." In EXPANDING THE ROLE OF THE WOMEN IN THE SCIENCES, ed. by Anne
Briscoe and Sheila Pfafflin, pp.146-172. (ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF
SCIENCES, 323; 1979.)
 
 604      Parrish, John B. "Women BS Graduates in Chemistry: A Survey of Career
Experience." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 42, no.4 (April 1965): 216-217.
Surveys women who graduated from eight Big Ten universities, 1958-1963.
 
 605      Parrish, John B. "Women PhDs in Chemistry: A Survey of Career Data."
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 41, no.9 (September 1964): 506-508. Statistical
study; pays special attention to dual role of chemist and mother.
 
 606      Rawls, Rebecca L., and Fox, Jeffrey L. "Women in Academic Chemistry
Find Rise to Full Status Difficult." CHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING NEWS 56, no.37
(September 11, 1978): 26-32, 36.
 
 607      Rayner-Canham, Geoffrey W., and Frenette, H. "Some French Women
Chemists." EDUCATION IN CHEMISTRY 22, no.6 (November 1985): 176-178. Briefly
treats Marie Meurdrac, Marie Lavoisier, Claudine Picardet, Albertine Necker de
Saussure, and Marguerite Perey.
 
 608      Roscher, Nina M., and Cavanaugh, Margaret A. "Academic Women Chemists
in the 20th Century: Past, Present, Projections." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION
64 (October 1987): 823-827. Discussion: 66 (May 1989): 447-448; Part II: 69
(November 1992): 870-873.
 
 609      Roscher, Nina M., and Ammons, Phillip L. "Early Women Chemists of the
Northeast." JOURNAL OF THE WASHINGTON ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 71, no.4 (December
1981): 177-182.
 
 610      Roscher, Nina M. "Women Chemists." CHEMTECH 6, no.12 (December 1976):
738-743. Profiles selected Garvan medalists.
 
 611      Sherman, H.C. "Training and Opportunities for Women in Chemistry."
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 16 (December 1939): 579-581. Brief overview,
emphasizing home economics, food chemistry, and nutrition as areas for women.
 
 612      Snell, Cornelia T. "Organic Analysis as a Tool for Women Chemists."
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 27 (March 1950): 138-141. Describes the
challenges in chemical analysis and why women excel at it.
 
 613      Snell, Cornelia T. "Women as Professional Chemists." JOURNAL OF
CHEMICAL EDUCATION 25 (August 1948): 450-453. Advises on college training,
fields of specialized work, opportun ities for advancement, and job hunting.
 
 614      Snell, Cornelia T. "Writing About Chemistry." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL
EDUCATION 16 (December 1939): 588. Opportunities for secretaries, editors, and
technical writers.
 
 615      Vetter, Betty M. "Women in Chemistry: Challenges of Finding, Keeping
a Job." CHEMIST 53, no.7 (1976): 4-6.
 
 616      Wallace, Earl K. "A Survey of Chemistry in Women's Colleges." JOURNAL
OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 14 (June 1937): 285. Includes tables and charts of
various aspects of chemistry curriculum in American women's colleges.
 
 617      Weirick, Elizabeth. "Experiences in Merchandise Control." JOURNAL OF
CHEMICAL EDUCATION 16 (December 1939): 585-587. Describes technical
laboratories at Sears, Roebuck & Co. and the career path of their female chief.
 
 618      Whitsitt, May L. "A Backward Glance Gives a Forward Look." JOURNAL OF
CHEMICAL EDUCATION 16 (December 1939): 590-594. Summary paper for 1939
Symposium on Training and Opportunities for Women in Chemistry. Documents
discrimination. See also other papers in the same issue.
 
 619      Wikoff, Helen L. "Occupations and Earnings of Women in Chemistry."
INDUSTRIAL AND ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY 25 (1933): 467-472.
 
 620      "Women in Chemistry." CHEMIST 52, no.7 (1976): 14-15.
 
 621      WOMEN IN CHEMISTRY: A STUDY OF PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES. New York:
Bureau of Vocational Information, 1922.
 
 622      "Women's Club Study Course in American Chemistry." JOURNAL OF
CHEMICAL EDUCATION 7 (Febraury 1930): 325-340. Syllabus for non-technical
chemistry course, with readings and assigned questions.
 
 623      Woodford, Lois W. "Trends in the Industrial Employment of Women
Chemists." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 22 (May 1945): 236-238. A look at
post-war opportunities.
 
 624      Worner, Ruby K. "Opportunites for Women Chemists in Washington."
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 16 (December 1939): 583-585. Surveys federal
employment.
 
 625      Zinberg, Dorothy. "The Past Decade for Women Scientists -- Win, Lose,
or Draw?" TRENDS IN BIOCHEMICAL SCIENCES 2, no.6 (1977): 123-126.
 
BIOGRAPHIES AND STUDIES OF INDIVIDUALS
 
NOTE: Biographies of Rachel Bodley, Dorothy Hahn, and Ellen Richards are
included in NOTABLE AMERICAN WOMEN, edited by Edward T. James et al. (3 vols.,
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971). NOTABLE AMERICAN WOMEN: THE MODERN
PERIOD, edited by Barbara Sicherman and Carol Hurd Green (Cambridge: Harvard
University Press, 1980) has entries for Emma Perry Carr and Mary Engle
Pennington. Twenty-four women are covered under "Chemists and Biochemists" in
WOMEN IN THE SCIENTIFIC SEARCH: AN AMERICAN BIO-BIBLIOGRAPHY, 1724-1979, by
Patricia Joan Siegel and Kay Thomas Finley (Metuchen: Scarecrow, 1985).
Obituaries and short biographical profiles of women chemists have appeared in
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING NEWS, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION, and other journals in
the field. Women are represented in AMERICAN CHEMISTS AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERS,
edited by Wyndham D. Miles (Washington: American Chemical Society, 1976). Works
on Marie Curie are listed in this section.
 
 626      Armstrong, Evan. "Jane Marcet and Her `Conversations on Chemistry'."
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 15, no.2 (February 1938): 53-57.
 
 627      Barr, E. Scott. "The Incredible Marie Curie and Her Family." PHYSICS
TEACHER 2 (1964): 251-259. Includes Irene Joliet-Curie.
 
 628      Bartow, Virginia. "Philosophical Studies by the Duchess of
Newcastle." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 34 (1957): 82.
 
 629      Bigland, Eileen. MADAME CURIE New York: Criterion Books, 1957.
 
 630      Bishop, Lloyd D., and Deloach, Will S. "Marie Meurdrac -- First Lady
of Chemistry." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 47 (1970): 448-449.
 
 631      Briscoe, Anne. "Diary of a Mad Feminist Chemist." INTERNATIONAL
JOURNAL OF WOMEN'S STUIDES 4, no.4 (September/October 1981): 420-430.
Autobiographical account, with background on the Association for Women in
Science.
 
 632      Briscoe, Anne. "Scientific Sexism: The World of Chemistry." In WOMEN
IN SCIENTIFIC AND ENGINEERING PROFESSIONS, ed. by Violet B. Haas & Carolyn
Perrucci, pp.147-159. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1984. Contains
autobiographical material.
 
 633      Brody, Judith. "Behind Every Great Scientist...Madame Lavoisier Was
Not Just the Wife of the Famous Chemist." NEW SCIENTIST 116 (December 24-31,
1987): 19-21.
 
 634      Brown, Sanborn C. COUNT RUMFORD, PHYSICIST EXTRAORDINARY. Garden
City, NY: Doubleday, 1962. See material on Marie Lavoisier, pp.138, 141-145,
150-152.
 
 635      Creese, Mary R.S., and Creese, Thomas M. "Laura Alberta Linton
(1853-1915): An American Chemist." BULLETIN FOR THE HISTORY OF CHEMISTRY 8
(1990): 15-18.
 
 636      Crellin, John K. "Mrs. Marcet's `Conversations on Chemistry'."
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 56 (1979): 459-460.
 
 637      Creese, Mary R.S. "British Women of the Nineteenth and Early
Twentieth Centuries Who Contributed to Research in the Chemical Sciences." THE
BRITISH JOURNAL FOR THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE 24 (September 1991): 275-305.
 
 638      Curie, Eve. MADAME CURIE. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1937. Classic
biography of Marie Curie, by her daughter. Repr. Jersey City, NJ: DaCapo, 1986.
 
 639      Davis, Kathleen A. "Katherine Blodgett and Thin Films." JOURNAL OF
CHEMICAL EDUCATION 61 (May 1984): 437-439.
 
 640      Derrick, M. Elizabeth. "Agnes Pockels, 1862-1935." JOURNAL OF
CHEMICAL EDUCATION 59 (1982): 1030.
 
 641      Duveen, Denis I. "Madame Lavoisier." CHYMIA: ANNUAL STUDIES IN THE
HISTORY OF CHEMISTRY 4 (1953): 13-29.
 
 642      Elder, Eleanor S. "Agnes Pockels: Indeed a Lady." CHEMISTRY 47, no.1
(1974): 10-12.
 
 643      Farago, Peter. "Interview with Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin." JOURNAL OF
CHEMICAL EDUCATION 54 (1977): 214-216. Biochemist, crystallographer, 1964
Nobelist.
 
 644      Giroud, Fran oise. MARIE CURIE: A LIFE. New York: Holmes & Meier,
1986. Translated by Lydia Davis.
 
 645      Gleiser, Molly. "The Garvan Women." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 62
(1985): 1065-1068.
 
 646      Hartwell, Anne. "Mary E. Pennington, Who Keeps Cold Storage Cold."
WOMAN'S JOURNAL 15, no.11 (November 1930): 11, 42-43. Interview with "America's
foremost woman chemist."
 
 647      Hoobler, Icie Gertrude Macy. BOUNDLESS HORIZONS: PORTRAIT OF A
PIONEER WOMAN SCIENTIST. Smithtown, NY: Exposition Press, 1982. A biochemist
concerned with nutrition.
 
 648      Hunt, Caroline L. THE LIFE OF ELLEN H. RICHARDS. Boston: Whitcomb &
Barrows, 1912. Repr. Washington: American Home Economics Association, 1958.
 
 649      Jennings, Bojan Hamlin. "The Professional Life of Emma Perry Carr."
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 63 (1986): 923-927.
 
 650      Julian, Maureen M. "Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin: Nobel Laureate."
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 59 (1982): 124.
 
 651      Julian, Maureen M. "Dorothy Wrinch and a Search for the Structure of
Proteins." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 61, no.10, (October 1984): 890-891.
 
 652      Julian, Maureen M. "Isabella L. Karle and a New Mathematical
Breakthrough in Crystallography." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 63 (1986):
66-67.
 
 653      Kampmeier, R. H. "Ann Stone Minot (1894-1980): Clinical Chemist and
Teacher." CLINICAL CHEMISTRY 32 (1986): 1602-1609.
 
 654      Kampmeier, R. H. "Ann Stone Minot: Vanderbilt Teacher and Clinical
Chemist, 1894-1980." NUTRITION HISTORY NOTES 24 (Fall 1985): 1-6.
 
 655      Meites, Samuel. "Willey Glover Denis (1879-1929), Pioneer Woman of
Clinical Chemistry." CLINICAL CHEMISTRY 31 (1985): 774-778.
 
 656      Noble, Deborah. "Marie Curie: Half-Life of a Legend." ANALYTICAL
CHEMISTRY 65 (February 15, 1993): 215A-219A.
 
 657      Okey, Ruth. "A Woman in Science: 1893-1973." THE JOURNAL OF NUTRITION
118 (December 1988): 1425-1431. Autobiographical article.
 
 658      Patai, Raphael. "Maria the Jewess: Founding Mother of Alchemy." AMBIX
29 (1982): 177-197.
 
 659      Pflaum, Rosalynd. GRAND OBSESSION: MADAME CURIE AND HER WORLD. New
York: Doubleday, 1989.
 
 660      Pramer, Stacey. "Mary Fieser: A Transitional Figure in the History of
Women." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 62 (1985): 186-191.
 
 661      Pycior, Helena M. "Marie Curie's `Anti-natural Path': Time Only for
Science and Family." In UNEASY CAREERS AND INTIMATE LIVES: WOMEN IN SCIENCE,
1789-1979, ed. Pnina G. Abir-Am and Dorinda Outram, pp.191-214. New Brunswick,
NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1987.
 
 662      Rae, Ian D. "Clara Taylor (1885-1940)." CHEMISTRY IN BRITAIN 27
(1991): 145-148.
 
 663      Rayner-Canham, Geoffrey W. "Two British Women Chemists." EDUCATION IN
CHEMISTRY 20 , no.4 (July 1983): 140-141. Treats Jane Marcet and Elizabeth
Fulhame, both active in the late-18th and early-19th centuries.
 
 664      Reid, Robert William. MARIE CURIE. New York: Saturday Review Press,
1974. Includes photographs.
 
 665      Roscher, Nina M., and Nguyen, Chinh K. "Helen M. Dyer: A Pioneer in
Cancer Research." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 63 (1986): 253-255.
 
 666      Rosen, George. "Ellen H. Richards (1824-1911): Sanitary Chemist and
Pioneer of Professional Equality for Women in Health Sciences." AMERICAN
JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 64 (1974): 312-323.
 
 667      Sayre, Anne. ROSALIND FRANKLIN AND DNA. New York: Norton, 1975.
 
 668      Shmurak, Carole B., and Handler, Bonnie S. "Castle of Science: Mount
Holyoke College and the Preparation of Women in Chemistry, 1837-1941." HISTORY
OF EDUCATION QUARTERLY 32, no.3 (Fall 1992): 315-342.
 
 669      Shmurak, Carole B., and Handler, Bonnie S. "Lydia Shattuck: `A Streak
of the Modern.'" TEACHING EDUCATION 3, no.2 (Winter-Spring 1991): 127-131.
Shattuck taught chemistry and botany at Mount Holyoke in the mid-nineteenth
century.
 
 670      Smeaton, William A. "Madame Lavoisier, P.S. and E.I. DuPont de
Nemours, and the Publication of Lavoisier's `Memoires de Chemie.'" AMBIX:
JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE HISTORY OF ALCHEMY AND CHEMISTRY 36 (1989):
22-30.
 
 671      Smeaton, William A. "Monsieur and Madame Lavoisier in 1798: The
Chemical Revolution and the French Revolution." AMBIX: JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY
FOR THE HISTORY OF ALCHEMY AND CHEMISTRY 36 (1989): 1-4.
 
 672      Tarbell, A.T., and Tarbell, D.S. "Helen Abbott Michael: Pioneer in
Plant Chemistry." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 59 (1982): 548.
 
 673      Weeks, Mary Elvira, and Dains, F.B. "Mrs. A.H. Lincoln Phelps and Her
Services to Chemical Education." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 14 (1937):
53-57.
 
 674      Weiner, Ruth. "Chemist and Eco-Freak." In SUCCESSFUL WOMEN IN THE
SCIENCES: AN ANALYSIS OF DETERMINANTS, ed. by Ruth B. Kundsin, pp.52-56.
(ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 208; 1973.) Repr. with title, WOMEN
AND SUCCESS: THE ANATOMY OF ACHIEVEMENT. New York: Morrow, 1974.


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Content of Bibliography last updated in 1993.
Format converted September 10, 1999.