THE HISTORY OF WOMEN AND SCIENCE, HEALTH, AND TECHNOLOGY:
A BIBLIOGRAPHIC GUIDE TO THE PROFESSIONS AND THE DISCIPLINES

Feminist Critiques of Science (420-502)


ID: GLSHW-2.6
 
Feminist Critiques of Science (420-502)
 
This section includes contemporary works critical of science and the attitude
of science towards women now and in the past. For additional references, see
the previous section, SCIENTIFIC VIEWS OF WOMEN.
 
 420      Arditti, Rita, Brennan, Pat, and Cavrak, Steve, eds. SCIENCE AND
LIBERATION. Boston: South End Press, 1980. See especially "Sociobiology, a
Pseudo-Scientific Synthesis" by Barbara Chasin, "Sterilization Abuse" by Helen
Rodriguez-Trias, "`Ladies' in the Lab" by Angela Corigliano Murphy, "Women in
Chemistry" by Ana Berta Chepelinsky et al., "Declaration: Equality for Women in
Science" by the Women's Group of Science for the People, and "Feminism and
Science" by Rita Arditti. Includes annotated bibliography.
 
 421      Behuniak-Long, Susan. "Radical Conceptions: Reproductive Technologies
and Feminist Theories." WOMEN & POLITICS 10, no.3 (1990): 39-64.
 
 422      Benjamin, Marina, ed. SCIENCE AND SENSIBILITY: GENDER AND SCIENTIFIC
ENQUIRY, 1780-1945. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell, 1991.
 
 423      Birke, Lynda. "`Life' as We Have Known It: Feminism and the Biology
of Gender." In SCIENCE AND SENSIBILITY: GENDER AND SCIENTIFIC ENQUIRY,
1780-1945, ed. by Marina Benjamin, pp.243-263. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell,
1991.
 
 424      Birke, Lynda. WOMEN, FEMINISM AND BIOLOGY: THE FEMINIST CHALLENGE.
New York: Methuen, 1986. Discusses biological determinist arguments, especially
in the areas of human development and the relationship of humankind to nature,
and explores the possibility of a "feminist science."
 
 425      Bleier, Ruth. "A Decade of Feminist Critiques in the Natural
Sciences: An Address." SIGNS 14 (1988): 182-195.
 
 426      Bleier, Ruth. "Science and Belief: A Polemic on Sex Differences
Research." THE IMPACT OF FEMINIST RESEARCH IN THE ACADEMY, ed. Christie
Farnham, pp.111-130. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.
 
 427      Bleier, Ruth. SCIENCE AND GENDER: A CRITICISM OF BIOLOGY AND ITS
THEORIES ON WOMEN. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon, 1984. A critical look at theories of
biological determinism, especially Wilsonian sociobiology.
 
 428      Bleier, Ruth, ed. FEMINIST APPROACHES TO SCIENCE. New York: Pergamon,
1986. Contents: "Science Seen Through a Feminist Prism" by Marion Namenwirth;
"Critiques of Modern Science: The Relationship of Feminism to Other Radical
Epistemologies" by Elizabeth Fee; "Beyond Masculinist Realities: A Feminist
Epistemology for the Sciences" by Hilary Rose; "Primatology is Politics by
Other Means" by Donna Haraway; "Empathy, Polyandry, and the Myth of the Coy
Female" by Sarah Blaffer Hrdy; "Sex Differences Research: Science or Belief?"
by Ruth Bleier; "The Relationship Between Women's Studies and Women in Science"
by Sue V. Rosser; "Taking Feminist Science to the Classroom" by Mariamne
Whatley; bibliography.
 
 429      Brighton Women and Science Group. ALICE THROUGH THE MICROSCOPE: THE
POWER OF SCIENCE OVER WOMEN'S LIVES. London: Virago, 1980. Three articles on
"Science and Women in Society," four on "Science and Women's Bodies," and three
on "Technological Control."
 
 430      Chesler, Phyllis. WOMEN AND MADNESS. Garden City, NY: Doubleday,
1972.
 
 431      Easlea, Brian. FATHERING THE UNTHINKABLE: MASCULINITY, SCIENTISTS AND
THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE. London: Pluto Press, 1983. A socio-historical reading of
scientific practice that looks closely at male/female imagery in the language
of prominent scientists. Focuses on nuclear weapons technology.
 
 432      Easlea, Brian. SCIENCE AND SEXUAL OPPRESSION: PATRIARCHY'S
CONFRONTATION WITH WOMAN AND NATURE. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1981. A
wide-ranging critique of the male culture of modern Western science, from the
sixteenth century to the present.
 
 433      Ehrenreich, Barbara, and English, Deirdre. COMPLAINTS AND DISORDERS:
THE SEXUAL POLITICS OF SICKNESS. Old Westbury, NY: Feminist Press, 1973.
 
 434      Fausto-Sterling, Anne. MYTHS OF GENDER: BIOLOGICAL THEORIES ABOUT
WOMEN AND MEN. New York: Basic Books, 1986. Chapters are devoted to
intelligence, genetics, hormones, and evolution. Copious footnotes.
 
 435      "Feminism as an Analytic Tool for the Study of Science." ACADEME
(September-October 1983): 15-21.
 
 436      Findlen, Paula. "Gender and the Scientific `Civilizing Process'."
JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF BIOLOGY 24 (1991): 331-338. Review essay.
 
 437      Gilligan, Carol. IN A DIFFERENT VOICE: PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY AND
WOMEN'S DEVELOPMENT. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982.
 
 438      Gordon, Linda. "Who is Frightened of Reproductive Freedom for Women
and Why? Some Historical Answers." FRONTIERS: A JOURNAL OF WOMEN'S STUDIES 9,
no.1 (1986): 23-26.
 
 439      Haraway, Donna. PRIMATE VISIONS: GENDER, RACE, AND NATURE IN THE
WORLD OF MODERN SCIENCE. New York: Routledge, 1989.
 
 440      Haraway, Donna. SIMIANS, CYBORGS, AND WOMEN: THE REINVENTION OF
NATURE. New York: Routledge, 1991. Essays on the link between these "creatures"
in the construction of scientific reality.
 
 441      Harding, Jan, ed. PERSPECTIVES ON GENDER AND SCIENCE. London: Falmer
Press, 1986. Papers from a 1985 British conference. Five grouped under "Gender
Matters" are theoretical.
 
 442      Harding, Sandra, and Hintikka, Merrill B., eds. DISCOVERING REALITY:
FEMINIST PERSPECTIVES ON EPISTEMOLOGY, METAPHYSICS, METHODOLOGY, AND PHILOSOPHY
OF SCIENCE. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1983. Sixteen papers, among them Lynda
Lange's "Woman Is Not a Rational Animal: On Aristotle's Biology of
Reproduction"; Ruth Hubbard's "Have Only Men Evolved?"; Kathryn Pyne Addelson's
"The Man of Professional Wisdom"; Evelyn Fox Keller's "Gender and Science"; and
Keller and Christine R. Grontkowski's "The Mind's Eye."
 
 443      Harding, Sandra. "Feminism and Theories of Scientific Knowledge."
WOMEN: A CULTURAL REVIEW 1, no.1 (April 1990): 87-98.
 
 444      Harding, Sandra. THE SCIENCE QUESTION IN FEMINISM. Ithaca: Cornell
University Press, 1986. Investigates feminist critiques of science and feminist
theories of knowledge. See especially chapter 1, "From the Woman Question in
Science to the Science Question in Feminism"; chapter 8, "`The Birth of Modern
Science' as a Text: Internalist and Externalist Stories"; and chapter 9,
"Problems with Post-Kuhnian Stories."
 
 445      Harding, Sandra, and O'Barr, Jean, eds. SEX AND SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. A selection of fifteen articles
from SIGNS, grouped in categories: "The Social Structure of Science," "Misuses
and Abuses of Science and Technology," "Bias in the Sciences," "Sexual Meanings
of Science," and "Epistemology and Metatheory."
 
 446      Harding, Sandra. WHOSE SCIENCE? WHOSE KNOWLEDGE? Ithaca, NY: Cornell
University Press, 1991.
 
 447      Harding, Sandra. "Women as Creators of Knowledge: New Environments."
AMERICAN BEHAVIORAL SCIENTIST 32, no.6 (July/August 1989): 700-707. Discusses
the history of women in science and contemporary issues.
 
 448      Harlow, Sioban D. "Function and Dysfunction: A Historical Critique of
the Literature on Menstruation and Work." In CULTURE, SOCIETY AND MENSTRUATION,
ed. Virginia Oleson and Nancy Fugate Wood, pp.39-50. Washington: Hemisphere,
1986.
 
 449      Herschberger, Ruth. ADAM'S RIB. New York: Pellegrini & Cudahy, 1948.
An early feminist classic exposing the bias of "male" biology. Repr. New York:
Harper & Row, 1970.
 
 450      Horning, Beth. "The Controversial Career of Evelyn Fox Keller."
TECHNOLOGY REVIEW 96 (January 1993): 58-68.
 
 451      Hrdy, Sarah Blaffer. "Sex Bias in Nature and in History: A Late 1980s
Reexaminiation of the `Biological Origins' Argument." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF
PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY supp.11 (1990): 25-37.
 
 452      Hrdy, Sarah Blaffer. THE WOMAN THAT NEVER EVOLVED. Cambridge: Harvard
University Press, 1981. Reviews evidence from primatology on such topics as sex
differences in body size; monogamy and polygyny; female dominance, competition,
and bonding; and the origins of female sexuality.
 
 453      Hubbard, Ruth, Henifin, Mary Sue, and Fried, Barbara, eds. BIOLOGICAL
WOMAN -- THE CONVENIENT MYTH. Cambridge: Schenkman, 1982. Rev. ed. of WOMEN
LOOK AT BIOLOGY LOOKING AT WOMEN, 1979. Twelve articles plus extensive
bibliography.
 
 454      Hubbard, Ruth. "The Emperor Doesn't Wear Any Clothes: The Impact of
Feminism on Biology." In MEN'S STUDIES MODIFIED, ed. Dale Spender, pp.213-235.
New York: Pergamon, 1981. Reviews feminist arguments against traditional theory
and method in biology, adding lengthier critiques of Darwinism and
sociobiology.
 
 455      Hubbard, Ruth, and Wald, Elijah. EXPLODING THE GENE MYTH. Boston:
Beacon, 1993.
 
 456      Hubbard, Ruth. "Have Only Men Evolved?" New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers
University Press, 1990. THE POLITICS OF WOMEN'S BIOLOGY, by Ruth Hubbard,
pp.87-106.
 
 457      Hubbard, Ruth. THE POLITICS OF WOMEN'S BIOLOGY. New Brunswick, NJ:
Rutgers University Press, 1990.
 
 458      Hudson, Gill. "Unfathering the Thinkable: Gender, Science and
Pacifism in the 1930s." In SCIENCE AND SENSIBILITY: GENDER AND SCIENTIFIC
ENQUIRY, 1780-1945, ed. by Marina Benjamin, pp.264-286. Cambridge, MA: Basil
Blackwell, 1991.
 
 459      Hunter, Dianne. "Hysteria, Psychoanlaysis, and Feminism: The Case of
Anna O." FEMINIST STUDIES 9, no.3 (1983): 464-488.
 
 460      Jacobus, Mary, Keller, Evelyn Fox, and Shuttleworth, Sally, eds.
BODY/POLITICS: WOMEN AND THE DISCOURSES OF SCIENCE. New York: Routledge, 1990.
 
 461      Jordanova, Ludmilla J. SEXUAL VISIONS: IMAGES OF GENDER IN SCIENCE
AND MEDICINE BETWEEN THE EIGHTEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES. Madison, WI:
University of Wisconsin Press, 1989.
 
 462      Keller, Evelyn Fox. "Feminism and Science." SIGNS 7, no.3 (Spring
1982): 589-602. Describes the range of feminist positions on science and their
liberating potential, with particular attention to psychoanalytic theory. Repr.
in FEMINIST THEORY: A CRITIQUE OF IDEOLOGY, pp.113-126. Ed. by Nannerl O.
Keohane, Michelle Z. Rosaldo, and Barbara C. Gelpi. Chicago: University of
Chicago Press, 1982. Also reprinted in SEX AND SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY, pp.233-246.
Ed. by Sandra Harding and Jean F. O'Barr. Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
1987.
 
 463      Keller, Evelyn Fox. "Feminist Critique of Science: A Forward or
Backward Move?" FUNDAMENTA SCIENTIAE 1, no. 3/4 (1980): 341-349. Clarifies both
the radical and the reactionary elements in the feminist critique of science.
 
 464      Keller, Evelyn Fox. REFLECTIONS ON SCIENCE AND GENDER. New Haven:
Yale University Press, 1985. See also excerpt, "Women and Basic Research:
Respecting the Unexpected," in TECHNOLOGY REVIEW 87, no.8 (November/December
1984): 44-47.
 
 465      Keller, Evelyn Fox. "Science and Gender: 1990." GREAT IDEAS TODAY
(1990): 68-93.
 
 466      Keller, Evelyn Fox. "Science and Power for What?" In NINETEEN EIGHTY-
FOUR: SCIENCE BETWEEN UTOPIA AND DYSTOPIA, ed. Everett Mendelsohn and Helga
Nowotny, pp.261-272. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1984. Analysis of Charlotte Perkins
Gilman's utopian novel HERLAND, originally published in 1915.
 
 467      Keller, Evelyn Fox. SECRETS OF LIFE, SECRETS OF DEATH: ESSAYS ON
SCIENCE AND CULTURE. New York: Routledge, 1992.
 
 468      Kirkup, Gill, and Keller, Laurie Smith, eds. INVENTING WOMEN:
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND GENDER. Cambridge, England: Polity Press/Open
University, 1992. Articles by Margaret Lowe Benston, Evelyn Fox Keller, Sandra
Harding, and others assessing gender issues in science and technology. Chiefly
contemporary.
 
 469      Kramarae, Cheris, and Spender, Dale, eds. THE KNOWLEDGE EXPLOSION:
GENERATIONS OF FEMINIST SCHOLARSHIP. New York: Teachers College Press, 1992.
Chapters reviewing the history of the impact of feminism on the disciplines
include: "Feminism and Medicine: Co-optation or Cooperation?" by Joan M.
Altekruse and Sue V. Rosser; "Physics and Mathematics, Reality and Language:
Dilemmas for Feminists," by Robyn Arianrhod; "Feminism and Engineering: The
Inroads," by H. Patricia Hynes; "The Impact of Feminism on the Natural
Sciences," by Marian Lowe; "Nursing and Feminism: Caring and Curing," by Joan
E. Mulligan; "Home Economics: Feminism in a Hestian Voice," by Patricia J.
Thompson; and "Do Mothers Invent? The Feminist Debate in the History of
Technology," by Autumn Stanley.
 
 470      Leavitt, Judith Walzer. "A Decade of Feminist Critiques in Natural
Sciences: An Address by Ruth Bleier." SIGNS 14, no.1 (Autumn, 1988): 182-195
 
 471      Lomperis, Linda, and Stanbury, Sarah, eds. FEMINIST APPROACHES TO THE
BODY IN MEDIEVAL LITERATURE. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania
Press, 1993.
 
 472      Lowe, Marian, and Hubbard, Ruth, eds. WOMAN'S NATURE: RATIONALIZATION
OF INEQUALITY. New York: Pergamon, 1983. Articles by five scientists and four
social scientists. Theoretical, not historical.
 
 473      Lowie, Robert H., and Hollingworth, Leta Stetter. "Science and
Feminism." SCIENTIFIC MONTHLY 2 (September 1916): 277-284. Reviews comparative
biological and psychological data on women and men to debunk "scientific"
arguments for limiting women's activities.
 
 474      Magner, Lois. "Women and the Scientific Idiom: Textual Episodes from
Wollstonecraft, Fuller, Gilman, and Firestone." SIGNS 4, no.1 (Autumn 1978):
61-80. Demonstrates how feminist theorists incorporated the scientific
paradigms of their times into their writings.
 
 475      Martin, Emily. "The Egg and the Sperm: How Science Has Constructed a
Romance Based on Stereotypical Male-Female Roles." SIGNS 16 (1991): 485-501.
 
 476      McGaw, Judith A. "No Passive Victims, No Separate Spheres: A Feminist
Perspective on Technology's History." In IN CONTEXT, ed. by S.H. Cutcliffe and
R.C. Post, pp.172-91. Cranbury, NJ: Lehigh University Press; Associated
University Presses, 1989.
 
 477      Merchant, Carolyn. "Ecological Revolutions: Nature, Gender, and
Science in New England." Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press,
1989.
 
 478      Morantz-Sanchez, Regina. "Feminist Theory and Historical Practice:
Rereading Elizabeth Blackwell." HISTORY AND THEORY 31, no.4 (1992): 51-69.
 
 479      Olson, Richard. "Historical Reflections on Feminist Critiques of
Science: The Scientific Background to Modern Feminism." HISTORY OF SCIENCE 28,
pt.2, no.80 (June 1990): 125-148.
 
 480      Poovey, Mary. UNEVEN DEVELOPMENTS: THE IDEOLOGICAL WORK OF GENDER IN
MID-VICTORIAN ENGLAND. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988. Feminist
criticism of the Victorian view of difference as sexual differences.
 
 481      Rose, Hilary. "Gendered Reflexions on the Laboratory in Medicine." In
THE LABORATORY REVOLUTION IN MEDICINE, ed. Andrew Cunningham and Perry
Williams, pp.304-323. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
 
 482      Rosenberg, Rosalind. "In Search of Woman's Nature, 1850-1920."
FEMINIST STUDIES 3, no.1/2 (Fall 1975): 141-153. How feminists such as
Antoinette Brown, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Helen Thompson used Darwinism
to justify their expanded spheres of activity.
 
 483      Rosser, Sue V. FEMINISM WITHIN THE SCIENCE AND HEALTH CARE
PROFESSIONS: OVERCOMING RESISTANCE. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon, 1988.
 
 484      Rothman, Barbara Katz. IN LABOR: WOMEN AND POWER IN THE BIRTHPLACE.
New York: Norton, 1982. 1984 Penguin ed. published as GIVING BIRTH:
ALTERNATIVES IN CHILDBIRTH
 
 485      Sapiro, Virginia, ed. WOMEN, BIOLOGY, AND PUBLIC POLICY. Newbury
Park, CA: Sage, 1985. Articles on sociobiology, women's health, and government
policy.
 
 486      Sayers, Janet. BIOLOGICAL POLITICS: FEMINIST AND ANTI-FEMINIST
PERSPECTIVES. New York: Methuen, 1982. Examines the historical and social roots
of biological explanations for sexual inequality, and posits a feminist middle
ground between biological essentialism and social constructionism.
 
 487      Schiebinger, Londa L. "Feminine Icons: the Face of Early Modern
Science." CRITICAL INQUIRY 14 (Summer 1988): 661-691.
 
 488      Schiebinger, Londa L. THE MIND HAS NO SEX?: WOMEN IN THE ORIGINS OF
MODERN SCIENCE. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989. Covers both the
history of women's contributions to the development of early modern science and
the interrelationship between their subsequent exclusion from science and the
growth of new "scientific" doctrines of gender differences.
 
 489      Schiebinger, Londa L. NATURE'S BODY: GENDER IN THE MAKING OF MODERN
SCIENCE. Boston, MA: Beacon, 1993.
 
 490      Searing, Susan. "Women and Science: Issues and Resources." Madison,
WI: Women's Studies Librarian's Office, 1991. Wisconsin Bibliographies in
Women's Studies Series. Updates frequently. 1992 and 1993 updates by Phyllis
Holman Weisbard.
 
 491      Shepherd, Linda J. LIFTING THE VEIL: THE FEMININE FACE OF SCIENCE.
Boston: Shambhala, 1993.
 
 492      SIGNS 4, no.1 (Autumn 1978); Special Issue: "Women, Science, and
Society." Partial contents: "Women and Evolution, Part II: Subsistence and
Social Organization Among Early Hominids," by Adrienne L. Zihlman; "Animal
Sociology and a Natural Economy of the Body Politic," Parts I and II, by Donna
Haraway; "Women in the Scientific Idiom: Textual Episodes from Wollstonecraft,
Fuller, Gilman, and Firestone," by Lois N. Magner; "In from the Periphery:
American Women in Science, 1830-1880," by Sally Gregory Kohlstedt; "Biology and
Equality: A Perspective on Sex Differences," by Helen H. Lambert; "Biology and
Sex Differences," by Marian Lowe; "Sexual Segregation in the Sciences: Some
Data and a Model," by Margaret W. Rossiter; "Phenomenon of the Seventies: The
Women's Caucuses," by Anne M. Briscoe; "Bias in Biological and Human Sciences:
Some Comments," by Ruth Bleier; plus review essays on science by Michele L.
Aldrich and on medicine by Dorothy Rosenthal Mandelbaum.
 
 493      Stark, Susanne. "Overcoming Butlerian Obstacles: May Sinclair and the
Problem of Biolgical Determinism." WOMEN'S STUDIES 21, no.3 (1992): 265-83.
 
 494      Steen, M. "Historical Perspectives on Women and Mental Illness and
Prevention of Depression in Women, Using a Feminist Framework." ISSUES IN
MENTAL HEALTH NURSING 12, no.4 (October-December 1991): 359-374.
 
 495      Stehelin, Liliane. "Sciences, Women, and Ideology." In THE
RADICALISATION OF SCIENCE: IDEOLOGY OF/IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES, ed. Hilary Rose
and Steven Rose, pp.76-89. London: Macmillan, 1976. Argues that the "production
code" of science is "fundamentally masculine." Draws on French psychoanalytic
and Marxist theory.
 
 496      Stepan, Nancy Leys. "Women and Natural Knowledge: The Role of Gender
in the Making of Modern Science." GENDER & HISTORY 2, no.3 (1990): 337-342.
Review essay on recent books by Schiebinger, Russet, and Jordanova.
 
 497      Tuana, Nancy. "The Weaker Seed: The Sexist Bias of Reproductive
Theory." HYPATIA 3, no.1 (Spring 1988): 35-59. Examines the history of
reproductive theory from Aristotle to the seventeenth century. Argues that the
adherence to a belief in the inferiority of the female creative principle
biased scientific perception of the nature of woman's role in human generation.
 
 498      Tuana, Nancy, ed. FEMINISM AND SCIENCE. Bloomington: Indiana
University Press, 1989. Originally published as special issues of HYPATIA: A
JOURNAL OF FEMINIST PHILOSOPHY 2, no.3 (Fall 1987) and 3, no.1 (Spring 1988).
CONTENTS I: Sue V. Rosser, "Feminist Scholarship in the Sciences: Where Are We
Now and When Can We Expect a Theoretical Breakthrough?" ; Sandra Harding, "The
Method Question" ; Evelyn Fox Keller, "The Gender/Science System; or Is Sex to
Gender as Nature is to Science?" ; Helen E. Longino, "Can There Be a Feminist
Science?" ; Luce Irigaray, "Is the Subject of Science Sexed?" ; Ruth Ginzburg,
"Uncovering Gynocentric Science" ; Linda Alcoff, "Justifying Feminist Social
Science" ; Lisa Heldke, "John Dewey and Evelyn Fox Keller: A Shared
Epistemological Tradition." CONTENTS II: Ruth Hubbard, "Science, Facts, and
Feminism;" Elizabeth Potter, "Modeling the Gender Politics in Science;" Nancy
Tuana, "The Weaker Seed: The Sexist Bias of Reproductive Theory;" Biology and
Gender Study Group, "The Importance of Feminist Critique for Contemporary Cell
Biology;" Jacquelyn N. Zita, "The Premenstrual Syndrome: Dis-Easing the Female
Cycle;" Judith Genova, "Women and the Mismeasure of Thought;" Hilary Rose,
"Dreaming the Future;" Barbara Imber and Nancy Tuana, "Feminist Perspectives on
Science;" Jacquelyn N. Zita, "Review Essay/A Critical Analysis of Sandra
Harding's THE SCIENCE QUESTION IN FEMINISM."
 
 499      Wajcman, Judy. "Feminism Confronts Technology." University Park, PA:
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1991.
 
 500      Walsh, Mary Roth. "The Rediscovery of the Need for a Feminist Medical
Education." HARVARD EDUCATION REVIEW 49 (1979): 447-466.
 
 501      "Women Look at Science: Man the Hunter; Why Science is a Woman;
Discovery Naked Truth." WOMEN: A CULTURAL REVIEW 1, no.1 (April 1990): 99-104.
Excerpts from three books.
 
 502      Wylie, A., et al. "Philosophical Feminism: A Bibliographic Guide to
Critiques of Science." RESOURCES FOR FEMINIST RESEARCH/ DOCUMENTATION SUR LA
RECHERCHE FEMINISTE 19, no.2 (1990): 2-38.


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Content of Bibliography last updated in 1993.
Format converted September 10, 1999.