THE HISTORY OF WOMEN AND SCIENCE, HEALTH, AND TECHNOLOGY:
A BIBLIOGRAPHIC GUIDE TO THE PROFESSIONS AND THE DISCIPLINES

General and Multidisciplinary Works, A - K (83-142)


ID: GLSHW-2.4.1
 
General and Multidisciplinary Works, A - K (83-142)
 
This section covers general works on gender issues in the history of women in
science. It further addresses career issues for women scientists -- educational
barriers and opportunities, entry into scientific and technical professions,
status issues, and statistics. Some contemporary studies are included that bear
out historical trends. Additional works on these themes appear in the sections
on particular branches of the sciences.
 
 83       Abir-Am, Penina G., and Outram, Dorinda, eds. UNEASY CAREERS AND
INTIMATE LIVES: WOMEN IN SCIENCE, 1787-1979. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers
University Press, 1987. Articles by an international group of historians on a
wide range of European and American women scientists. Individual contributions
appear in this bibliography by subject.
 
 84       Alexander, Wendy. FIRST LADIES OF MEDICINE: THE ORIGINS, EDUCATION
AND DESTINATION OF EARLY WOMEN MEDICAL GRADUATES OF GLASGOW UNIVERSITY.
Glasgow, UK: University of Glasgow, Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine,
1987.
 
 85       Alic, Margaret. HYPATIA'S HERITAGE: A HISTORY OF WOMEN IN SCIENCE
FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE LATE NINTEENTH CENTURY. Boston: Beacon Press, 1986.
Chronological treatment. Bibliography, pp.210-224, covers both primary and
secondary sources.
 
 86       Alsop, Gulielma Fell. HISTORY OF THE WOMAN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE,
PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, 1850-1950. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1950. For most
of the century, this was the only medical school in which women could be full
professors of physiology and chairs of the department.
 
 87       Bachtold, Louise M., and Warner, Emmy G. "Personality Characteristics
of Women Scientists." PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS 31, no.2 (October 1972): 391-396.
 
 88       Barlow, William, and Powell, David O. "Homeopathy and Sexual
Equality: The Controversy over Coeducation at Cincinnati's Pulte Medical
College, 1873-1879." OHIO HISTORY 90 (Spring 1981): 101-113.
 
 89       Behringer, Marjorie Perrin. "Women's Role and Status in the Sciences:
An Historical Perspective." In WOMEN IN SCIENCE: A REPORT FROM THE FIELD, ed.
by Jane Butler Kahle, pp.4-26. Philadelphia, PA: Falmer, 1985. Review of the
literature, with statistical tables and bibliography.
 
 90       Benditt, John, ed. SCIENCE 255 (March 13, 1992); Special Issue:
"Women in Science." Contains articles on mentoring and career issues for women
scientists.
 
 91       Benjamin, Marina. "Elbow Room: Women Writers on Science, 1790-1840."
In SCIENCE AND SENSIBILITY: GENDER AND SCIENTIFIC ENQUIRY, 1780-1945, ed. by
Marina Benjamin, pp.27-59. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell, 1991.
 
 92       Benjamin, Marina, ed. SCIENCE AND SENSIBILITY: GENDER AND SCIENTIFIC
ENQUIRY, 1780-1945. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell, 1991.
 
 93       Blake, Catriona. THE CHARGE OF THE PARASOLS: WOMEN'S ENTRY TO THE
MEDICAL PROFESSION. London: Women's Press, 1991. Set within the context of
nineteenth century feminism in Britain, the book describes how, under the
leadership of Elizabeth Garrett (London) and Sophia Jex-Blake (Edinburgh),
women won a space in which to train and practice medicine.
 
 94       Bonner, Thomas Neville. TO THE ENDS OF THE EARTH: WOMEN'S SEARCH FOR
EDUCATION IN MEDICINE. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.
 
 95       Briscoe, Anne, and Pfafflin, Sheila, eds. EXPANDING THE ROLE OF WOMEN
IN THE SCIENCES. New York: New York Academy of Sciences, 1979. New York Academy
of Sciences ANNALS, 323.
 
 96       Brumberg, Joan Jacobs, and Tomes, Nancy. "Women in the Professions: A
Research Agenda for American Historians." REVIEWS IN AMERICAN HISTORY 10
(1982): 275-296. Includes discussion of women physicians and identifies key
books and articles published in the 1970's.
 
 97       Brush, Stephen G. THE HISTORY OF MODERN SCIENCE: A GUIDE TO THE
SECOND SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION, 1800-1950. Ames, IA: University of Iowa Press,
1988. See section 6.7, "Women in Science."
 
 98       Brush, Stephen G. "Women in Science and Engineering." AMERICAN
SCIENTIST 79, no.5 (1991): 404-419.
 
 99       Burstyn, Joan N. "Women in American Science." ACTES DU XIe CONGRESS
INTERNATIONAL D'HISTOIRE DES SCIENCES, 1965 2 (1967): 316-319. Speculates on
reasons for low numbers of women in the sciences in the U.S. in the 1960s.
 
 100      Byrne, Eileen M. WOMEN IN SCIENCE: THE SNARK SYNDROME. London: Falmer
Press, 1991.
 
 101      Chaff, Sandra L. "Images of Female Medical Students at the Turn of
the Century." In SEX AND SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY, ed. Sandra Harding and Jean F.
O'Barr. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.
 
 102      Chu, Clara, and Macdonald, Bertrum. "The Public Record: An Analysis
of Women's Contributions to Canadian Science and Technology Before the First
World War." In DESPITE THE ODDS: ESSAYS ON CANADIAN WOMEN AND SCIENCE, ed. by
Marianne Gosztonyi Ainley, pp.63-73. Montreal: Vehicule Press, 1990.
 
 103      Cole, Jonathan R. FAIR SCIENCE: WOMEN IN THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY.
New York: Free Press, 1979. An empirical study of women's status as scientists.
Includes numerous statistical tables. For critical reviews, see Karen Oppenheim
Mason, "Sex and Status in Science," SCIENCE 208, no.4441 (18 April 1980):
277-278; and Margaret Rossiter, "Fair Enough?" ISIS 72, no.261 (March 1981):
99-103.
 
 104      Cole, Jonathan R., and Zuckerman, Harriet. "Marriage, Motherhood, and
Research Performance in Science." SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN 256, no.2 (February
1987): 119-125. Examines the publication rates of women scientists from 1930 to
the 1980s.
 
 105      Cole, Jonathan R. "Women in Science." AMERICAN SCIENTIST 69, no.4
(July-August 1981): 385-391. Touching on women's marginalization in science
historically, Cole analyzes evidence of inequality in the present. See his book
(above) for a longer treatment of these themes.
 
 106      The Committee on the Education and Employment of Women in Science and
Engineering, Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel, National Research
Council. CLIMBING THE LADDER: AN UPDATE ON THE STATUS OF DOCTORAL WOMEN
SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1983.
Updates earlier report, CLIMBING THE ACADEMIC LADDER: DOCTORAL WOMEN SCIENTISTS
IN ACADEME, National Academy of Sciences, 1979. Provides copious statistics on
education and employment.
 
 107      Dembski, Peter E. Paul. "Jenny Kidd Trout and the Founding of the
Women's Medical Colleges at Kingston and Toronto." ONTARIO HISTORY 77
(September 1985): 183-206.
 
 108      Dickie, Ruth S. TIME OF TRANSITION, WOMEN IN SCIENCE: HISTORY OF
SIGMA DELTA EPSILON-GRADUATE WOMEN IN SCIENCE, INCORPORATED, 1979-1986
SUPPLEMENT. Ithaca, NY: Sigma Delta Epsilon-Graduate Women in Science, 1988.
 
 109      Eshiwani, G. S. "Women's Access to Higher Education in Kenya: A Study
of Opportunities and Attainment in Science and Mathematics Education." JOURNAL
OF EASTERN AFRICAN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 15 (1985): 91-110. Time period
1964-1980.
 
 110      Evans, Sara M. BORN FOR LIBERTY: A HISTORY OF WOMEN IN AMERICA. New
York: Free Press; London: Collier Macmillan, 1989. This general history
provides contextual information on many issues relevant to science, health, and
technology. See "birth control," "family planning," "home economists,"
"housework, effect of new technology on," "medical education for women,"
"motherhood," "science," "sexuality," and other topics in the subject index.
 
 111      Fausto-Sterling, Anne. "Women and Science." WOMEN'S STUDIES
INTERNATIONAL QUARTERLY 4, no.1 (1981): 41-50. Explores two questions: why are
there not more women scientists? What would scientific inquiry and subject
matter consist of if there were equal numbers of women and men scientists?
 
 112      Ferry, Georgina, and Moore, Jane. "True Confessions of Women in
Science." NEW SCIENTIST 95, no.1312 (1 July 1982): 27-30. Summarizes some 500
responses to an article on the position of women in science and technology at
that time (see NEW SCIENTIST 95, (1 April 1982).).
 
 113      Fox, Robert, and Guagnini, Anna. "Classical Values and Useful
Knowledge: The Problem of Access to Technical Careers in Modern Europe."
DAEDELUS 116, no.4 (Fall 1987): 153-171. A study of the problem of gender and
scientific education in England and France from the late 19th-century up to
World War I.
 
 114      Gardiner, Linda. "Women in Science." In FRENCH WOMEN AND THE AGE OF
ENLIGHTENMENT, ed. S.I. Spencer, pp.181-193. Bloomington, IN: Indiana
University Press, 1985.
 
 115      Glazer, Penina Migdal, and Slater, Miriam. UNEQUAL COLLEAGUES: THE
ENTRANCE OF WOMEN INTO THE PROFESSIONS, 1890-1940. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers
University Press, 1987. See in particular chap. 3, "Motherhood and Medicine,"
about Dorothy Reed Mendenhall and Anne Walter Fern; and chap. 4, "The Promise
of New Opportunities in Science," about Florence R. Sabin and Alice Hamilton.
 
 116      Gornick, Vivian. WOMEN IN SCIENCE: 100 JOURNEYS INTO THE TERRITORY.
New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990. Rev. ed. A journalistic account of
contemporary women scientists.
 
 117      Haas, Violet B., and Perrucci, Carolyn C., eds. WOMEN IN SCIENTIFIC
AND ENGINEERING PROFESSIONS. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1981.
Papers from a 1981 conference on Women in the Professions: Science, Social
Science, Engineering.
 
 118      Hafter, Daryl M. "International Conference on the Role of Women in
the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in the 19th and 20th centuries
-- Veszprem, Hungary, August 15-19, 1983. TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE 26, no.2
(April 1985): 262-267. Summaries of 15 papers presented at the conference.
 
 119      Hall, Diana Long. "Academics, Bluestockings, and Biologists: Women at
the University of Chicago, 1892-1932." In EXPANDING THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN THE
SCIENCES, ed. by Anne Briscoe and Sheila Pfafflin, pp.300-320. New York: New
York Academy of Sciences, 1979. Chronicles the survival and success of women
scientists in the face of discrimination during the University of Chicago's
first four decades.
 
 120      Hanaford, Phebe A. DAUGHTERS OF AMERICA, OR WOMEN OF THE CENTURY.
Augusta, ME: True, 1882. See chap.9, "Women Scientists."
 
 121      Handler, Bonnie S., and Shmurak, Carole B. "Rigor, Resolve, Religion:
Mary Lyon and Science Education." TEACHING EDUCATION 3, no.2 (Winter/Spring
1991): 137-142. Lyon was the founder of Mount Holyoke College where she
established a chemistry department responsible for training many women
chemists.
 
 122      Harding, Jan, ed. PERSPECTIVES ON GENDER AND SCIENCE. London: Falmer
Press, 1986. Papers from a 1985 British conference. Six grouped under "How It
Is With Women" address women's roles in science.
 
 123      Harris, Barbara J. BEYOND HER SPHERE: WOMEN AND THE PROFESSIONS IN
AMERICAN HISTORY. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1978. Traces women's education and
employment in the professions from Colonial times to 1975. Extensive notes and
bibliography.
 
 124      Herzenberg, Caroline L. "The Participation of Women in Science During
Antiquity and the Middle Ages." INTERDISCIPLINARY SCIENCE REVIEWS 15, no.4
(1990): 294-297.
 
 125      Herzenberg, Caroline L. "Women in Science During Antiquity and the
Middle Ages." JOURNAL OF COLLEGE SCIENCE TEACHING 17 (1987): 124-127. Reprinted
in WOMEN, Volume 3, ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues
Resource Series, 1988.
 
 126      Herzenberg, Caroline L., Meschel, Susan V., and Altena, James A.
"Women in the Science and Technology of Antiquity." CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE FIFTH
INTERNATIONAL GASAT CONFERENCE v.1 (1989): 44-51.
 
 127      Herzenberg, Caroline L., and Howes, Ruth Hege. "Women of the
Manhattan Project." TECHNOLOGY REVIEW (in press).
 
 128      Herzenberg, Caroline L., Meschel, Susan V., and Altena, James A.
"Women Scientists and Physicians of Antiquity and the Middle Ages." JOURNAL OF
CHEMICAL EDUCATION 68 (February 1991): 101-105.
 
 129      Hine, Darlene Clark. "From Hospital to College: Black Nurse Leaders
and the Rise of Collegiate Nursing Schools." JOURNAL OF NEGRO EDUCATION 51
(Summer 1982): 222-237.
 
 130      Hoeflin, Ruth M. HISTORY OF A COLLEGE FROM WOMAN'S COURSE TO HOME
ECONOMICS TO HUMAN ECOLOGY: 1873-1988 KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY. Manhattan, KS:
College of Human Ecology, Kansas State University, 1988.
 
 131      Hornig, Lilli S. "Women in Science and Engineering: Why So Few?"
TECHNOLOGY REVIEW 87, no.8 (November/December 1984): 31-41. Documents barriers
to women, especially in higher education.
 
 132      Howes, Ruth Hege, and Herzenberg, Caroline L. "Women in Weapons
Development: The Manhattan Project." In WOMEN AND THE USE OF MILITARY FORCE,
ed. Ruth Hege Howes and Michael R. Stevenson, pp.95-110. Boulder, CO: Lynne
Riener, 1993.
 
 133      INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENCE EDUCATION 9, no.3 (1987): Special
Issue on science education for women. Includes "The Most Difficult Career:
Women's History of Science" by Dorinda Outram.
 
 134      INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WOMEN'S STUDIES 4, no.4 (September/October
1981); Special Issue: "Women and Science." Contents: "Women and Science" by
Connie Stark-Adamec; "Women and Science: A Critique of Biological Theories" by
Meredith M. Kimball; "The Rearing of Women for Science, Engineering, and
Technology" by Rose Sheinin; "Science Subject Choice and Achievement of Females
in Canadian High Schools" by Joan Pinner Scott; "Cooperation and Competition in
Science" by Marian Lowe; "Women and Science: Fitting Men to Think About Nature"
by Hilde Hein; "Is Feminism a Threat to Scientific Objectivity" by Elizabeth
Fee; "Is there a Feminist Biology" by Madeleine J. Goodman and Lenn Evan
Goodman; "Women and Science: Two Cultures or One?" by Evelyn Fox Keller; "Diary
of a Mad Feminist Chemist" by Anne M. Briscoe; "The Status of Women in Canadian
Psychology: A Case Study of Women in Science" by Elinor W. Ames; and "Practical
Tips for Coping with the Problems of Being a Seventeen-Career Person" by Connie
Stark-Adamec.
 
 135      Johnson, Thomas Cary, Jr. SCIENTIFIC INTERESTS IN THE OLD SOUTH. New
York: Appleton-Century, 1936; repr. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 1973.
Chap. 4, "Sweet Southern Girls," discusses the presence of science in
antebellum girls' schools and in magazines oriented toward women.
 
 136      JOURNAL OF WOMEN'S HISTORY GUIDE TO PERIODICAL LITERATURE, comp.
Gayle V. Fischer. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1992. See section
on "Professional Career Choices," pp.345-356.
 
 137      Kien, Jenny, and Cassidy, David. "The History of Women in Science: A
Seminar at the University of Regensburg, FRG." WOMEN'S STUDIES INTERNATIONAL
FORUM 7, no.4 (1984): 313-317.
 
 138      Koblitz, Ann Hibner. "Science, Women, and Revolution in Russia."
SCIENCE FOR THE PEOPLE 14, no.4 (July/August 1982): 14-18, 34-37. Historical
analysis of Russian women scientists in the late 1880s.
 
 139      Koblitz, Ann Hibner. "Science, Women, and the Russian Intelligentsia:
The Generation of the 1860s." ISIS 79 (June 1988): 208-226.
 
 140      Kohlstedt, Sally Gregory. "In from the Periphery: American Women in
Science, 1830-1880." SIGNS 4, no.1 (Autumn 1978): 81-96. Traces three
generations of American women in science: the "independents" of the early 19th
century, the educators and popularizers of the mid-19th century, and those who
had to choose between science as a profession or an avocation after the Civil
War.
 
 141      Krishnaraj, Maithreyi. "The Status of Women in Science in India."
JOURNAL OF HIGHER EDUCATION 5 (Spring 1980): 381-393.
 
 142      Kundsin, Ruth B., ed. "Successful Women in the Sciences: An Analysis
of Determinants." ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 208 (15 March
1973). In part I, twelve scientists from varied fields share their life
experiences. The remaining parts present conference papers on family,
education, economic factors, and other determinants of successful scientific
careers. Repr. with title WOMEN AND SUCCESS: THE ANATOMY OF ACHIEVEMENT. New
York: Morrow, 1974.


Return to Top

Return to The History of Women and Science, Health, and Technology: Table of Contents

Return to Wisconsin Women's Studies Librarian's Homepage


This page is maintained by the

University of Wisconsin System Women's Studies Librarian
430 Memorial Library, 728 State Street, Madison, WI 53706
(608) 263-5754
Email wiswsl at (replace with "@") library.wisc.edu


Content of Bibliography last updated in 1993.
Format converted September 10, 1999.