ID: GLSHW-2.3 Reference: Biographies (53-82) This section features bibliographies of biographical works, collective biographies, and biographical dictionaries. Additional citations will be found in the appropriate sections by major field of endeavor. Additional resources: Kali Herman's WOMEN IN PARTICULAR: AN INDEX TO AMERICAN WOMEN (Phoenix: Oryx, 1984) serves as an index to biographical information on women found in 54 biographical dictionaries, encyclopedias, and other reference sources. Relevant field and career indexes are "Domestic Science and Home Economics," "Medicine and Life Sciences," and "Physics, Mathematics, and Earth Sciences." BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX, ISIS CURRENT BIBLIOGRAPHY and its cumulations, and the BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE are some of the other resources pointing to further biographical writings. Obituaries for women scientists and health professionals can be found in specialized journals and newsletters, general periodicals such as SCIENCE and NATURE, and local and national newspapers (many retrievable on-line in full-text). Alumnae magazines, especially from women's colleges, often feature biographical articles on past and present faculty and students in the sciences. BIBLIOGRAPHIES OF BIOGRAPHIES 53 Barr, E. Scott. AN INDEX TO BIOGRAPHICAL FRAGMENTS IN UNSPECIFIED SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS. University, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1973. Alphabetic index to biographical material in 19th and early 20th century issues of AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY (London), NATURE, POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, and SCIENCE. Some women are among the listings. 54 Herzenberg, Caroline L. WOMEN SCIENTISTS FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE PRESENT: AN INDEX. West Cornwall, CT: Locust Hill Press, 1986. An alphabetical guide to biographical entries on some 2,500 women scientists in approximately 130 standard works. A very useful index identifies scientists by their fields. 55 Hoyrup, Else. WOMEN IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND MEDICINE: A BIBLIOGRAPHY. Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde University Library, 1987. International scope. References to biographies are alphabetical by name. 56 Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey. WOMEN IN SCIENCE: ANTIQUITY THROUGH THE NINETEENTH CENTURY: A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY WITH ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1986. Nearly 200 short biographical accounts, arranged alphabetically, plus a general bibliography and historical introduction, both arranged chronologically. 57 Siegel, Patricia Joan, and Finley, Kay Thomas. WOMEN IN THE SCIENTIFIC SEARCH: AN AMERICAN BIO-BIBLIOGRAPHY, 1724-1979. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1985. Organized by scientific discipline. Provides biographical sketches and brief bibliographies for some 250 women. COLLECTIVE BIOGRAPHIES AND BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARIES 58 Arnold, Lois Barber. FOUR LIVES IN SCIENCE: WOMEN'S EDUCATION IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. New York: Schocken Books, 1984. "Educational biographies" of naturalist Maria Martin Bachman (1796-1863), science educator Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps (1793-1884), home economist Louisa C. Allen Gregory (1848-1920), and geologist Florence Bascom (1862-1945). 59 Bertsch, Sharon M. Grayne. NOBEL PRIZE WOMEN IN SCIENCE: THEIR LIVES, STRUGGLES, AND MOMENTOUS DISCOVERIES. Secaucus, NJ: Carol, 1992. Also published New York: Birch Lane Press, 1993. 60 BLACK WOMEN IN AMERICA: AN HISTORICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA, ed. Darlene Clark Hine. Brooklyn, NY: Carlson, 1993. 2 v. To find relevant biographical essays, use the biographical index under: mathematicians (7 listed), nurses (19), physicians (39), psychiatrist (1), and scientists (3). See also the topical essays "midwives," "physicians, nineteenth century," "physicians, twentieth century," "science," and "mathematics." 61 Gacs, Ute, et al., eds. WOMEN ANTHROPOLOGISTS: A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. New York: Greenwood, 1988. 62 Golemba, Beverly E. LESSER-KNOWN WOMEN: A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1992. The "Index by Profession and Accomplishment," pp.327-340, lists 9 women astronomers, 1 dentist, 5 inventors, 8 mathematicians, 5 midwives, 21 nurses, 39 physicians, and 41 scientists from 1600 to the present. 63 Kass-Simon, G., and Farnes, Patricia, eds., and Nash, Deborah, assoc. ed. WOMEN OF SCIENCE: RIGHTING THE RECORD. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1990. Articles on such areas as: geography, astronomy, math, engineering, physics, biology, medical sciences, chemistry, and crystallography. 64 Kosheleva, Inna. WOMEN IN SCIENCE. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1983. Biographies of Russian women scientists. 65 McGrayne, Sharon Bertsch. NOBEL PRIZE WOMEN IN SCIENCE: THEIR LIVES, STRUGGLES AND MOMENTOUS DISCOVERIES. New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1993. 66 Noble, Iris. CONTEMPORARY WOMEN SCIENTISTS OF AMERICA. New York: Messner, 1979. 67 NOTABLE AMERICAN WOMEN, 1607-1950: A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY, ed. Edward T. James, Janet Wilson James, and Paul S. Boyer. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971. 3 vols. "Classified List of Selected Biographies" covers botanists and horticulturists, geographers and geologists, health reform advocates, home economists, inventors, mathematicians, naturalists, nurses, physicians. 68 NOTABLE AMERICAN WOMEN: THE MODERN PERIOD, ed. Barbara Sicherman, et al. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1980. Supplements the three-volume set of NOTABLE AMERICAN WOMEN [see James entry]. 69 NOTABLE BLACK AMERICAN WOMEN, ed. Jessie Carney Smith. Detroit: Gale Research, 1992. Five hundred biographical entries of historical and contemporary women including: astronaut Mae C. Jemison; biologist Jewell Plummer Cobb; chemist Eslanda Goode Robeson; health administrator Effie O'Neal Ellis; midwife Biddy Mason; neurosurgeon Alexa Canady; pharmacists Amanda Gray Hilyer; Mollie Moon; and Ella P. Stewart; physicist Shirley Ann Jackson; surgeon Dorothy Brown; several nurses, nurse administrators, physicians and others. 70 NOTABLE HISPANIC AMERICAN WOMEN, ed. Diane Telgen, and Jim Kamp. Detroit: Gale Research, 1993. Biographical dictionary of historical and contemporary women including: astronaut Ellen Ochoa; healer Teresa Urrea; scientists Paulette Atencio; Clarissa Pinkola Est s; Romy Ledesma; and Adriana C. Ocampo; and several medical/health care workers and physicians. 71 O'Hern, Elizabeth M. PROFILES OF PIONEER WOMEN SCIENTISTS. Washington: Acropolis Books, 1985. Biographies of twenty women, mostly microbiologists. 72 Opfell, Olga S. THE LADY LAUREATES: WOMEN WHO HAVE WON THE NOBEL PRIZE. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1986. 2nd ed. Includes biographical sketches of seven Nobelists in the sciences. 73 Read, Phyllis J., and Witlieb, Bernard L. THE BOOK OF WOMEN'S FIRSTS: BREAK-THROUGH ACHIEVEMENTS OF ALMOST 1000 AMERICAN WOMEN. New York: Random House, 1992. For breakthroughs of women in science, health, and technology, use the subject index under "Agriculture and home economics," "Medicine," and "Science and technology" (with many sub-headings). 74 Reed, Elizabeth W. AMERICAN WOMEN IN SCIENCE BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR. Minneapolis, MN: Published by author, 1992. 400 Church St. S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455. 75 Rudolph, Emanuel D. "Women Who Studied Plants in the Pre-Twentieth Century United States and Canada." TAXON 39, no.2 (May 1990): 151-205. 76 Sammons, Vivian Ovelton. BLACKS IN SCIENCE AND MEDICINE. New York: Hemisphere, 1990. A biographical compendium of historical and living Black scientists and physicians. Although "women" are not indexed, the index does note those who were first in their fields, such as the first Black female Ph.D. in physics and the first elected to the American College of Surgeons. 77 Schacher, Susan. HYPATIA'S SISTERS: BIOGRAPHIES OF WOMEN SCIENTISTS. Seattle, WA: Feminists Northwest, 1976. 78 Uglow, Jennifer S., ed. THE CONTINUUM DICTIONARY OF WOMEN'S BIOGRAPHY. New York: Continuum, 1989. rev. ed. Frances Hinton served as Assistant Editor for Science, Mathematics and Medicine for the first edition, called THE INTERNATIONAL DICTIONARY OF WOMEN'S BIOGRAPHY. In "Subject Index," see A.3.2, "Health care: medicine, nursing, birth control, psychoanalysis," and B.1.2, "Mathematics, pure sciences, medicine." 79 WOMEN IN SCIENCE. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health, 1988. Prepared by the NIH Advisory Committee on Women's Health Issues. 80 Wupperman, Alice. "Women in `American Men of Science': a Tabular Study From the Sixth Edition." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION 18 (March 1941): 120-121. Statistics on the fields and occupations of 800 women (2.9% of the total entries) in the 6th edition of AMS, 1938. 81 Yost, Edna. AMERICAN WOMEN OF SCIENCE. Philadelphia, PA: Frederick A. Stokes Co., 1943; Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, 1955. Rev. ed. Biographies of Ellen H. Richards (home economist), Annie Jump Cannon (astronomer), Alice Hamilton (industrial toxicologist), Florence Rena Sabin (medical researcher), Mary Engle Pennington (refrigeration expert), Lillian Moller Gilbreth (management engineer), Libbie Henrietta Hyman (zoologist), Wanda K. Farr (botanist), Hazel K. Stiebeling (nutritionist), Florence B. Seibert (chemist), Katharine Burr Blodgett (physicist), and Margaret Mead (anthropologist). 82 Yost, Edna. WOMEN OF MODERN SCIENCE. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1959: repr. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1984. Biographies of Gerty Theresa Cori (biochemist), Lise Meitner (physicist), Helen Sawyer Hogg (astronomer), Elizabeth Shull Russell (geneticist), Rachel Fuller Brown (biochemist), Chien Shiung Wu (nuclear physicist), Edith Hinkley Quimby (physicist), Jocelyn Crane (zoologist), Florence van Straten (meteorologist), Gladys Anderson Emerson (biochemist), and Dorothea Rudnick (embryologist).
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Content of Bibliography last updated in 1993.
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