Publications from the Women's Studies Librarian and Her Staff

Glass Ceiling (Jesudason/Rother-Harris, 1995)

Introduction

[This bibliography is number 71 in the series "Wisconsin Bibliographies in Women's Studies," published by the University of Wisconsin System Women's Studies Librarian's Office, 430 Memorial Library, 728 State Street, Madison, WI 53706.]

The Glass Ceiling Bibliography is divided into three sections: 1) Internet Resources 2) Books and Government Documents, and 3) Articles from magazines, newspapers, and academic journals. The Articles section is subdivided into these categories: General, Minorities, and specific fields such as Business, Colleges and Universities, Law, Police, Politics, Sports, and State and Federal Government. Coverage for articles in the Government category mainly begins in the 1990s, with an occasional addition from the 1980s. The length of the articles is mostly more than a single page, unless single page articles are editorials or deal with pros and cons of the issue.

Internet Resources

One can access glass ceiling information at these World Wide Web locations:

http://128.253.61.104/e_archive/glassceiling/library/e_archive/GlassCeiling/
This location maintained by the Cornell University School of Industrial and Labor Relations contains executive summaries and some full-length reports from the Glass Ceiling Commission. The documents are stored for retrieval in various formats explained at the Web site.

http://www.cyberwerks.com/dataline
DATALINE began in 1991 as a newsletter about the glass ceiling. The site includes information on cases and mentoring.

http://www.inform.umd.edu:8080/EdRes/Topic/WomensStudies/GenderIssues/GlassCeiling
This section of the Women's Studies Resource site maintained at the University of Maryland includes the Department of Labor's REPORT ON THE GLASS CEILING INITIATIVE,1991; PIPELINES OF PROGRESS: AN UPDATE ON THE GLASS CEILING REPORT, 1992; and A QUESTION OF EQUITY: WOMEN AND THE GLASS CEILING IN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: A REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT AND THE CONGRESS BY THE UNITED STATES MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD, 1992.

Books

Blum, Linda M. BETWEEN FEMINISM AND LABOR : THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE COMPARABLE WORTH MOVEMENT. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Cuneo, Carl J. PAY EQUITY : THE LABOUR-FEMINIST CHALLENGE. Toronto ; New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Currie, Janet. GENDER GAPS IN BENEFIT COVERAGE. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1993.

Davidson, Marilyn and Cary L. Cooper. SHATTERING THE GLASS CEILING : THE WOMAN MANAGER. London: Paul Chapman, 1992.

Feldman, Cathy, ed. THE MEN AT THE OFFICE : WORKING WOMEN TALK ABOUT WORKING WITH MEN. [Santa Barbara, CA]: Blue Point Books, 1993.

Fudge, Judy and Patricia McDermott, eds. JUST WAGES : A FEMINIST ASSESSMENT OF PAY EQUITY. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991.

Harriman, Ann. WOMEN/MEN/MANAGEMENT. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1985.

Kelly, Rita Mae. THE GENDERED ECONOMY : WORK, CAREERS, AND SUCCESS. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1991.

Larson, Arthur and Lex K. Larson. EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION. New York: M. Bender, 1975-1994.

Lindgren, J. Ralph and Nadine Taub. THE LAW OF SEX DISCRIMINATION. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1993.

McAllen, Jack. THE BOSS SHOULD BE A WOMAN : HOW TO MANAGE YOUR WAY TO THE TOP AND COMPROMISE NOTHING: HOW TO SUCCEED BECAUSE YOU ARE A WOMAN. Nevada City, CA: Blue Dolphin Press, 1993.

Morris, Anne E. and Susan M. Nott. WORKING WOMEN AND THE LAW: EQUALITY AND DISCRIMINATION IN THEORY AND PRACTICE. London; New York: Routledge, 1991.

Morrison, Ann M., Randall P. White, Ellen Van Velsor, and the Center for Creative Leadership. BREAKING THE GLASS CEILING: CAN WOMEN REACH THE TOP OF AMERICA'S LARGEST CORPORATIONS? Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1992.

Neumark, David. SEX DISCRIMINATION AND WOMENþS LABOR MARKET INTERRUPTIONS. Cambridge,MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1993.

Omilian, Susan M. and Jean P. Kamp. SEX-BASED EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION. Deerfield, IL: Callaghan, 1990.

Perlman, Richard and Maureen Pike. SEX DISCRIMINATION IN THE LABOUR MARKET : THE CASE FOR COMPARABLE WORTH. Manchester [England]; New York: Manchester University Press : Distributed exclusively in the USA and Canada by St. Martin's Press, 1994.

PIPELINES OF PROGRESS : AN UPDATE ON THE GLASS CEILING INITIATIVE. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Labor: For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., [1992]. (Also available on the Internet; see the Internet section above.)

A QUESTION OF EQUITY: WOMEN AND THE GLASS CEILING IN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: A REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT AND THE CONGRESS BY THE UNITED STATES MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD. Washington, DC: The Board, 1992. (Also available on the Internet; see the Internet section.)

A REPORT ON THE GLASS CEILING INITIATIVE. [Washington, D.C.?]: U.S. Department of Labor, 1991. (Also available on the Internet; see the Internet section.)

Scandura, Terri A. BREAKING THE GLASS CEILING IN THE 1990S. [Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Labor, Women's Bureau, 1992?].

Sekaran, Uma and Frederick T.L. Leong, eds. WOMANPOWER: MANAGING IN TIMES OF DEMOGRAPHIC TURBULENCE. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1992.

Tilly, Louise. INDUSTRIALIZATION AND GENDER INEQUALITY. Washington, D.C.: American Historical Association, 1993.

United states. Congress. House. Committee on small business. THE GLASS CEILING : HEARING BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON SMALL BUSINESS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, ONE HUNDRED THIRD CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION, WASHINGTON, DC, JUNE 24, 1993. Washington: U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs, Congressional Sales Office, 1993.

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Governmental Affairs. THE GLASS CEILING IN FEDERAL AGENCIES, A GAO SURVEY ON WOMEN AND MINORITIES IN FEDERAL AGENCIES : HEARINGS BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS, UNITED STATES SENATE, ONE HUNDRED SECOND CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION, MAY 16 AND OCTOBER 23, 1991. Washington: U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office, 1993.

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Labor and Human Resources. EMPLOYMENT NON-DISCRIMINATION ACT OF 1994: HEARING OF THE COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND HUMAN RESOURCES, UNITED STATES SENATE, ONE HUNDRED THIRD CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION, ON S. 2238 TO PROHIBIT EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION, JULY 29, 1994. Washington: U.S. G.P.O.: For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs, Congressional Sales Office, 1994.

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Labor and Human Resources. Subcommittee on Employment and Productivity. WOMEN AND THE WORKPLACE : THE GLASS CEILING: HEARING BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON EMPLOYMENT AND PRODUCTIVITY OF THE COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND HUMAN RESOURCES, UNITED STATES SENATE, ONE HUNDRED SECOND CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION, OCTOBER 23, 1991. Washington: U.S. G.P.O.: For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs, Congressional Sales Office, 1991.

Williams, Christine L. STILL A MAN'S WORLD: MEN WHO DO WOMEN'S WORK. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Wisconsin. Governor's Task Force on the Glass Ceiling Initiative. REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR'S TASK FORCE ON THE GLASS CEILING INITIATIVE / Tommy Thompson, Governor ; Carol Skornica, Chairperson. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Women's Council [distributor], 1993.

Yates, Michael. POWER ON THE JOB : THE LEGAL RIGHTS OF WORKING PEOPLE. Boston, MA: South End Press, 1994.

Articles


General
Adler, Marina A. "Gender differences in job autonomy: the consequences of occupational segregation and authority position." THE SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY 34, Aug '93, pp. 449-66.

Andiappen, P., M. Reavley, and S. Silver. "Discrimination against pregnant employees: an analysis of arbitration and human rights tribunal decisions in Canada." JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS 9, F '90, pp. 143-9.

Anonymous. "The Great Barrier Grief." TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT 46, Je '92, pp. 12-13.

Baldrige, Letitia. "When women move up to executive jobs." U.S. NEWS AND WORLD REPORT 88, Mar 24, '80, p. 67.

Beehr, Terry A. and Debra L. Juntunen. "Promotions and employees' perceived mobility channels; the effects of employee sex, employee group, and initial placement." HUMAN RELATIONS 43, May '90, pp. 455-72.

Blakenship, Kim M. "Bringing gender and race in: U.S. employment discrimination policy." GENDER & SOCIETY 7, Jun '93, pp. 204-26.

"Catalyst offers action plan to break the glass ceiling." HR FOCUS 71, Aug '94, p. 11.

Choudhury, Sharmila. "Reassessing the male-female wage differential: a fixed effects approach." SOUTHERN ECONOMIC JOURNAL 60, Oct '93, pp. 327-40.

Collins, Gail. "The year of the woman." LADIES' HOME JOURNAL 109, Nov '92, pp. 181-5.

Daiss, Dean. "Don't put 'mom' on your resume: a new twist on employee discrimination threatens to squeeze out mothers." PARENTS MAGAZINE 69, Jul '94, pp. 144-5.

Dell, Sherry. "A communication-based theory of the glass ceiling: rhetorical sensitivity and upward mobility within the technical organization." IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION 35, Dec '92, pp. 230-5.

Devereaux, Elizabeth. "Tannen's 'Don't Understand' comes to the workplace." PUBLISHER'S WEEKLY 241, My 30 '94, pp. 21-2.

DiPrete, Thomas A. and Whitman T. Soule. "Gender and promotion in segmented job ladder systems." AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW 53, F '88, pp. 26-40.

England, Paula and Bahar Norris. "Comparable worth: a new doctrine of sex discrimination." SOCIAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY 66, S '85, pp. 629-43.

"Face to Face." WORKING WOMAN 17, Mar '92, pp. 76-79+.

Fischer, Charles C. "Toward a more complete understanding of occupational sex discrimination." JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ISSUES 21, Mar '87, pp. 113-38.

Fishback, Price V. and Joseph V. Terza. "Are estimates of sex discrimination by employers robust?; the use of never-marrieds." ECONOMIC INQUIRY 27, Apr '89, pp. 271-85.

Glick, Peter, Cari Zion, and Cynthia Nelson. "What mediates sex discrimination in hiring decisions?" JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 55, Aug '88, pp. 178-86.

Graves, Laura and Gary N. Powell. "Effects of sex-based preferential selection and discrimination on job attitudes." HUMAN RELATIONS 47, F '94, pp. 133-57.

Guy, Mary Ellen. "Workplace productivity and gender issues." PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REVIEW 53, May 1993, pp. 279-282.

Hampton, Mary B. and John S. Heywood. "Do workers accurately perceive gender wage discrimination?" INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS REVIEW 47, O '93, pp. 36-49.

Harris, Lynn. "1993 hall of shame." WORKING WOMAN 18, Dec '93, pp. 64-5.

Hartman, Sandra J., Rodger W. Griffeth, and Michael D. Crino. "Gender-based influences: the promotion recommendation." SEX ROLES 25, S '91, pp. 285-300.

Heilman, Madeline E., Carlos J. Rivero, and Joan F. Brett. "Skirting the competence issue: effects of sex-based preferential selection on task choices of women and men." JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY 76, F '91, pp. 99-105.

Jackson, Donna. "Shattering the Glass Ceiling." NEW WOMAN 22, S '92, pp. 146-147.

Kaufman-Rosen, Leslie. "Holes in the glass ceiling theory." NEWSWEEK 125, Mar 27 '95, pp. 24-5.

Kilbourne, Barbara Stanek, et al. "Returns to skill, compensating differentials, and gender bias: effects of occupational characteristics on the wages of white women and men." THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY 100, Nov '94, pp. 689-719.

Kroeger, Brooke. "The road less rewarded." WORKING WOMAN 19, Jul '94, pp. 50-5.

Lewis, Debra J. "Just give us the money: a discussion of wage discrimination and pay equity." SIGNS 18, Aug '92, pp. 209-14.

Markham, William T., Charles M. Bonjean, and Judy Corder. "Gender, out-of-town travel, and occupational advancement." SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIAL RESEARCH 70, Jan '86, pp. 156-60.

Markham, William T. and Joseph H. Pleck. "Sex and willingness to move for occupational advancement: some national sample results." THE SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY 27, Spr '86, pp. 121-43.

Martin, Patricia Yancey, Dianne Harrison, and Diana Dinitto. "Advancement for women in hierarchical organizations: a multilevel analysis of problems and prospects." THE JOURNAL OF APPLIED BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE 19, '83, pp. 19-33.

"Mixed reflections of the glass ceiling." U.S. NEWS AND WORLD REPORT 115, Jl 12 '93, p. 14.

Morgan, Timothy C. "The stained-glass ceiling: women clergy struggle for legitimacy as they celebrate their call to pastoral ministry." CHRISTIANITY TODAY 38, May 16 '94, p. 52.

Morris, Michele. "The wage war against women." WORKING MOTHER 15, Je '92, pp. 60-3.

Nelson, Kristen. "Against all odds, women climb the ladders." BEST REVIEW (Life/Health Insurance Edition) 94, F '94, pp. 34-6+.

Neumark, David and Sanders Korenman. "Sources of bias in women's wage equations: results using sibling data." JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES 29, Spr '94, pp. 379-406.

Newport, Frank. "Americans now more likely to say women have it harder than men." THE GALLUP POLL MONTHLY 337, Oct '93, pp. 11+.

Olson, Craig A. and Brian E. Becker. "Sex discrimination in the promotion process." INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS REVIEW 36, Jul '83, pp. 624-41.

Pazy, Asya. "Sex-linked bias in promotion decisions: the role of candidate's career relevance and respondent's prior experience." PSYCHOLOGY OF WOMEN QUARTERLY 16, Jun '92, pp. 209-28.

Reed, Robert and Julie Dahlquist. "Do women prefer women's work?" APPLIED ECONOMICS 26, Dec '94, pp. 1133-44.

Rowlands, Penelope. "Rebel with a cause." WORKING WOMAN 18, Mr '93, pp. 52-5+.

Saltzman, Amy. "Trouble at the top." U.S. NEWS AND WORLD REPORT 110, Je 17 '91, pp. 40-2+.

Scandura, Terri. "Women can shatter job barriers." USA TODAY (Periodical) 122, My '94, pp. 68-9.

Seligman, Daniel. "Ceilingism: U.S. Glass Ceiling Commission report on women and minority barriers in executive management." FORTUNE 131, May 1 '95, pp. 142+.

"Shattering the glass ceiling." (Editorial) THE NEW YORK TIMES 144, Mar 17 '95, p. A14, A28.

Shockley-Zalabak, Pamela, Constance Courtney Staley, and Donald Dean Morley. "The female professional: perceived communication proficiencies as predictors of organizational advancement." HUMAN RELATIONS 41, Jul '88, pp. 553-67.

Snowden, Lynn. "My life as a man: discrimination against women in the work place." WORKING WOMAN 18, Aug '93, pp. 42-5.

Stuart, Peggy. "What does the glass ceiling cost you?" PERSONNEL JOURNAL 71, Nov '92, pp. 70-4+.

Williams, Christine L. "The Glass Escalator: Hidden Advantages for Men in the 'Female' Professions." SOCIAL PROBLEMS 39:3, Aug '92, pp. 253-267.

Zebrowitz, Leslie A., Daniel R. Tenenbaum, and Lori H. Goldstein. "The impact of job applicants' facial maturity, gender, and academic achievement on hiring recommendations." JOURNAL OF APPLIED SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 21, Apr '91, pp. 525-48.

Minorities

Adams, Bob. "The glass ceiling: are women and minorities blocked from the executive suite?" CQ RESEARCHER 3, Oct 29, '93, pp. 939-56.

"America's Asians: the glass ceiling." THE ECONOMIST 311, Jun 3 '89, pp. 23-4+.

Arias, Anna Maria. "Shattering the Glass Ceiling." HISPANIC N '91, p. 31.

Brown, Luther. "Affirmative-Action Watch." BLACK ENTERPRISE 21, N '90, p. 24.

Butler, Richard J. "Direct estimates of the demand for race and sex discrimination." SOUTHERN ECONOMIC JOURNAL 49, Apr '83, pp. 975-90.

Crossen, Cynthia. "Black on white: Jill Nelson breaks the silence about being a black woman in a white man's world - in the newsroom at The Washington Post." VOGUE 183, Aug '93, pp. 184-5.

Cunningham, Joy Pierson. "Fostering advancement for women and minorities." PUBLIC MANAGEMENT 74, Aug '92, pp. 20-5.

Del Valle, Christina. "Glass ceiling? What glass ceiling?" BUSINESS WEEK (Industrial/Technology Edition), Oct 24, 1994, p. 6.

Eberts, Randall W. and Joe A. Stone. "Male-female differences in promotions: EEO in public education." THE JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES 20, Fall '85, pp. 504-21.

Galagan, Patricia. "Leading diversity." TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 47, Apr 1993, pp. 38-43.

Gomez, Margarita. "A Place at the Table." HISPANIC 5, O '92, pp. 16-20.

Heery, William. "Corporate mentoring can break the glass ceiling." HR FOCUS 71, May '94, pp. 17-8.

Hilliard, Sheryl. "Smashing the Glass Ceiling." BLACK ENTERPRISE 21, Aug '90, pp. 99-108.

Kahn, Shulamit and Harriet Griesinger. "Female mobility and the returns to seniority: should EEO policy be concerned with promotion?" THE AMERICAN REVIEW 79, May '89, pp. 300-4.

Kaye, Steven D. "A new interest in cracking the ceiling: women and minorities are getting a fairer shake." U.S. NEWS AND WORLD REPORT 113, O 26 '92, pp. 80+.

Kazi-Ferrouillet, Kuumba. "Cracking Corning's Glass Ceiling." BLACK COLLEGIAN 22, Mar '92, pp. 56-61.

Kilborn, Peter T. "For many in work force, 'glass ceiling' still exists." THE NEW YORK TIMES, Mar 16, '95, pp. A22.

Kilborn, Peter T. "White males and management." THE NEW YORK TIMES, Mar 17, '95, pp. A14.

Kilborn, Peter T. "Women and minorities still face 'glass ceiling': white men's fears are barrier, report says. (US Government Glass Ceiling Commission Report, 'Good for business: making full use of the nation's human capital')" THE NEW YORK TIMES 144, Mar 16, '95, pp. A22, C22.

Kim, Suk and Gregory B. Lewis. "Asian Americans in the public service: success, diversity, and discrimination." PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REVIEW (Washington DC) 51, My/Je '94, pp. 285-90.

Lloyd, Fonda Marie, "Assault on Texaco's glass ceiling." BLACK ENTERPRISE 25, Aug '94, p. 19.

Lyons, Douglas C. "Corporate executives tell: 'How I broke through the glass ceiling." EBONY 48, Ja '93, pp. 102-4+.

Machado, Melinda and Berin D. Uriegas. "Side by side." HISPANIC 7, Sep 94', pp. 26-32.

Mickens, Ed. "Is there a lavender glass ceiling?" THE ADVOCATE 659, Jul 12 '94, pp. 49-50.

Miller, Stephen H. "Crashing the glass ceiling." JOURNAL OF ACCOUNTANCY 177, Ap '94, pp. 18-19.

Mink, Patsy T. and Phyllis Schlafly. "At issue: Should corporations and the federal government take stronger action to break the glass ceiling?" CO RESEARCHER 3, Oct 29, '93, p. 953.

Szafran, Robert F. "What kinds of firms hire and promote women and blacks?: a review of the literature." THE SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY 23, Spr '82, pp. 171-90.

Wiltz, Teresa. "Glass-Ceiling Survival" ESSENCE 22, May '91, pp. 35-37.

Business

Adams, Bob. "The glass ceiling: are women and minorities blocked from the executive suite?" CQ RESEARCHER 3, O 29 '93, pp. 939-59.

Ashenfelter, Orley and Timothy Hannan. "Sex discrimination and product market competition: the case of the banking industry." THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 101, F '86, pp. 149-73.

Bader, Eleanor J. "Trade unions still racist, sexist [in New York City]." NEW DIRECTIONS FOR WOMEN 19, Jul/Aug '90, pp. 1-2.

Barenholtz, Randi L. "The corporate dance: from waltz to tango to achieve women's equality at work." EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS TODAY 21, Sum '94, pp. 131-7.

Barnes-Bryant, Terrian. "Above the glass ceiling: women find success in franchising." FRANCHISING WORLD 26, Jan/Feb '94, pp. 20+.

Baron, Tracy Anbinder. "Keeping women out of the executive suite: the courts' failure to apply Title VII scrutiny to upper-level jobs." UNIVERSITY OD PENNSYLVANIA LAW REVIEW 143, Nov '94, pp. 267-320.

Bass, Bernard M. and Bruce J. Avolio. "Shatter the glass ceiling: women make better managers." HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 33, Win '94, pp. 519-60.

Brophy, Beth. "Why women execs stop before the top." U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT 101, Dec 29 '86-Jan 5'87, pp. 72-3.

Bykerk, Loree G. "Gender in insurance: organized interests and the displacement of conflicts." POLICY STUDIES JOURNAL 17, Wint '88/'89, pp. 261-75.

Cannings, Kathleen and Claude Montmarquette. "Managerial momentum: a simultaneous model of the career progress of male and female managers." INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS REVIEW 44, Jan '91, pp. 212-28.

Cannings, Kathy. "Managerial promotion: the effects of socialization, specialization, and gender." INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS REVIEW 42, Oct '88, pp. 77-88.

Caudron, Shari. "The concrete ceiling." INDUSTRY WEEK 243, Jl 4 '94, pp. 31-2+.

"Chipping away at the glass ceiling." NATION'S BUSINESS 78, My '91, pp. 20-1.

Colborn, Kate. "It's time to 'do the right thing': concerned groups chip away at the glass ceiling in efforts to diversify upper management." ELECTRICAL DESIGN NEWS 37, Jun 8 '92, pp. 21-22.

Cordtz, Dan. "The glass ceiling." FINANCIAL WORLD, Aug 16, '94, p. 64.

Devine, Theresa J. "Changes in wage-and-salary returns to skill and the recent rise in female self-employment." THE AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 84, May '94, pp. 108-113.

Dobrzynski, Judith H. "The 'glass ceiling' a barrier to the boardroom, too." BUSINESS WEEK 22 '93, p. 50.

Elkiss, Helen. "Training women for union office: breaking the glass ceiling." LABOR STUDIES JOURNAL 19, Sum '94, pp. 25-42.

Fisher, Anne B. "When will women get to the top?" FORTUNE 126, Sep 21 '92, 44-8+.

Fraser, Jill Andresky. "Women, power, and the new GE." WORKING WOMAN 17, D '92, pp. 58-61+.

Gabor, Andrea. "Cracking the glass ceiling in R&D." RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT 37, S/O '94, pp. 14-19.

Gaines, Mark. "Women stymied by a sharp salary gender gap." ADVERTISING AGE 65, Dec 5, '94, pp. S1-S2.

Galen, Michele. "White, male, and worried." BUSINESS WEEK 3356, Jan 31 '94, pp. 50-5.

Gallagher, Maggie. "Women." BUSINESS MONTH 136, O '90, pp. 42-43.

Garland, Susan B. "How to Keep Women Managers on the Corporate Ladder." BUSINESS WEEK Sept 2, '91, p.64.

Garland, Susan B. "Throwing stones at the 'glass ceiling'." BUSINESS WEEK Ag 19 '91, p. 29.

Glass, Celia. "A view of the glass ceiling." OFF OUR BACKS 21, May '91, pp. 12-13.

Granfield, Mary. "Why accounting doesn't add up." WORKING WOMAN 18, Jan '93, p. 16.

Hellwig, Basia. "Who Succeeds, Who Doesn't." WORKING WOMAN 16, N '91, pp. 108-10+.

Hemenway, Kathleen. "Human nature and the glass ceiling in industry." COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM 36, Jan '95, pp. 55-62.

Katz, David. "Sex discrimination in hiring: the influence of organizational climate and need for approval on decision making behavior." PSYCHOLOGY OF WOMEN QUARTERLY 11, Mar '87, pp. 11-20.

Kilborn, Peter T. "Should people with ceilings of glass throw stones?: Glass Ceiling Commission report on employment discrimination." THE NEW YORK TIMES 144, Mar '95, p. E2.

Laabs, Jennifer J. "The sticky floor beneath the glass ceiling." PERSONNEL JOURNAL 72, May 1993, pp. 35-39.

Landler, Mark; Schine, Eric; et al. "Through the Glass Ceiling." BUSINESS WEEK, Je 8 '92, pp. 78-83.

Lawlor, Julia. "Executive exodus: women managers leaving corporations." WORKING WOMAN 19, Nov '94, pp. 38-45.

Lyons, Douglas C. "Corporate executives tell: 'How I broke through the glass ceiling'." EBONY 48, Ja '93, pp. 102-4+.

Mahar, Maggie. "More women are calling the shots, but they're still making less than the guys." WORKING WOMAN 19, Jun 94', p. 18.

Mainiero, Lisa A. "On breaking the glass ceiling: the political seasoning of powerful women executives." ORGANIZATIONAL DYNAMICS 22, Spr '94, pp. 4-20.

Manegold, Catherine S. "Reich talks of 'glass ceiling' pervading the business world." NEW YORK TIMES (Late New York Edition), S 27 '94, pp. B9.

Miller, Annetta and Carolyn Friday. "Now: the brick wall; up against the glass ceiling, more women are quitting corporations to start their own firms." NEWSWEEK 120, Aug 24 '92, pp. 54-6.

Mize, Sue. "Shattering the Glass Ceiling." TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT JOURNAL 46, Ja '92, pp. 60-62.

Moskal, Brian S. "Glass ceiling, beware!" INDUSTRY WEEK 243, Ap 18 '94, pp. 13-14+.

Moskowitz, Milton and Carol Townsend. "100 best companies for working mothers." WORKING MOTHER 15, O '92, pp. 33-42+.

"NAFE launches corporate membership." EXECUTIVE FEMALE 17, Mr/Ap '94, pp. 47-52.

Peters, Shannon. "1994 catalyst awards announced." PERSONNEL JOURNAL 117, Apr '94, p pp. 16-9.

Picker, Ida. "Sister act." INSTITUTIONAL INVESTOR 28, My '94, pp. 106-8+.

Plake, Barbara S. and Virginia Murphy-Berman. "Access decisions by personnel directors: subtle forms of sex bias in hiring." PSYCHOLOGY OF WOMEN QUARTERLY 11, Jun '87, pp. 255-63.

Powell, Gary N. and Anthony D. Butterfield. "Investigating the glass ceiling phenomenon: an empirical study of actual promotions to top management." ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL 37, F '94, pp. 68-86.

Schonfeld, Erick. "A fissure in the glass ceiling." FORTUNE 130, S 5 '94, p. 15.

Shapiro, Joshua. "An unusual climb at Kodak wins her a place at the top." NEW YORK TIMES (Late New York Edition), Ja 30 '94, pp. 8 (Sec 3).

Sheinin, Rose. "Women as scientists: their rights and obligations." JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS 8, F/Mr '89, pp. 131-55.

Shellenbarger, Sue. "Sales offers women fairer pay, but bias lingers." WALL STREET JOURNAL (Eastern Edition) Ja 24 '95, pp.81+.

Solomon, Charlene Marmer. "Careers under glass." PERSONNEL JOURNAL 69, Ap 1990, pp. 96-105.

Stroh, Linda K., Jeanne M. Brett, and Anne H. Reilly. "All the right stuff: a comparison of female and male managers' career progression." JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY 77, Jun '92, pp. 251-60.

Stuart, Peggy and Kate Butler. "What does the glass ceiling cost you?" PERSONNEL JOURNAL 71, Nov '92, pp. 70-80.

Colleges and Universities

Ervin, Delbert, Barbara J. Thomas, and Mary Zey Ferrell. "Sex discrimination and rewards in a public comprehensive university." HUMAN RELATIONS 37, Dec '84, pp. 1005-28.

Etkowitz, Henry et al. "The paradox of critical mass for women in science: change in workplace structure needed to integrate women successfully in academic science departments." SCIENCE 266, Oct 7, '94, pp. 51-4.

Fisher, Bruce D., Steve Motowidlo, and Steve Werner. "Effects of gender and other factors on rank of law professors in colleges of business: evidence of a glass ceiling." JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS 12, O '93, pp. 771-8.

Gallant, Mary J. and Jay E. Cross. "Wayward puritans in the ivory tower: collective aspects of gender discrimination in academia." THE SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY 34, May '93, pp. 237-56.

Gibelman, Margaret and Philip H. Schervish. "The glass ceiling in social work: is it shatterproof?" AFFILIA 8, Win '93, pp. 442-5.

"Glass ceiling is real for women engineers." ENR (ENGINEERING NEWS RECORD) 229, Sep 14 '92, p. 27.

"Glass ceiling might as well be steel: barrier to women engineers from advancing to top positions." ENR 229, Sep 14 '92, p. 98.

Lawton, Millicent. "Schools' 'Glass Ceiling' Imperils Girls, Study Says." EDUCATION WEEK 11, F 12 '92, pp. 1-17.

Pederson, Diana. "Are you a woman or a historian?: a feminist guide to surviving the academic job market." ATLANTIS 18, Fall-Summ '92-'93, pp. 168-176.

Porter, Nancy. "Female faculty: realities and representations." WOMEN'S STUDIES QUARTERLY 22, Spr/Sum '94, p. 35-41.

Reid, Pamela Trotman. "Perceptions of sex discrimination among female university faculty and staff." PSYCHOLOGY OF WOMEN QUARTERLY 11, Mar '87, pp. 123-7.

Selvin, Paul. "Jenny Harrison finally gets tenure in math at Berkeley." SCIENCE 261, Jul 16 '93, p. 286.

"Sex discrimination in academe." THE JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ISSUES 41, Win '85, pp. 1-154.

Singell, Larry D. and Joe A. Stone. "Gender differences in Ph.D. economists' careers." CONTEMPORARY POLICY ISSUES 11, Oct '93, p. 95-106.

Tesch, Bonnie J. et al. "Promotion of women physicians in academic medicine: glass ceiling or sticky floor?" JAMA: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 273, Apr 5 '95, p. 1022-5.

Vetter, Betty. "Ferment: Yes-Progress: Maybe-Change: Slow." MOSAIC 23, Fall '92, pp. 34-41.

"Would Margaret Mead hit the (glass) ceiling?" TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 47, Aug '93, pp. 77+.

Law

Blumrosen, Alfred W. "Society in transition III: Justice O'Connor and destabilization of the Griggs principle of employment discrimination." WOMEN'S RIGHTS LAW REPORTER 14, Spr/Fall '92, pp. 315-33.

Bowden, Ellen M. "Closing the pay gap: redefining the Equal Pay Act's fourth affirmative defense." COLUMBIA JOURNAL OF LAW AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS 27, Win '94, pp. 225-267.

Burstein, Paul. "Attacking sex discrimination in the labor market: a study in law and politics." SOCIAL FORCES 67, Mar '89, pp. 641-65.

Cordes, Renee. "Breaking through the 'glass ceiling': women underrepresented as partners." TRIAL 28, F '92, pp. 11-12.

Laband, David N. and Bernard F. Lentz. "Is there sex discrimination in the legal profession?: further evidence on tangible and intangible margins." THE JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES 28, Spr '93, pp. 230-58.

Markowitz, Deborah L. "In pursuit of equality: one woman's work to change the law." WOMEN'S RIGHTS LAW REPORTER 14, Spr/Fall '92, pp. 335-59.

Quade, Vicki. "There is no sisterhood: non-white women lawyers say they're still at the bottom of the heap." HUMAN RIGHTS 22, Win '95, pp. 8-12.

Rosenberg, Janet, Harry Perlstadt, and William R.F. Phillips. "Now that we are here; discrimination, disparagement, and harassment at work and the experience of women lawyers." GENDER & SOCIETY 7, S'93, pp. 415-33.

Slind-Flor, Victoria. "Bashing the glass ceiling: a well developed social coscience.html keeps Guy T. Saperstein's office busy (Achievers: how a lucky 13 made it in the law)." THE NATIONAL LAW JOURNAL 17, Nov 7, '94, p. C13.

Spurr, Stephen J. and Glenn T. Sueyosji. "Turnover and promotion of lawyers: an inquiry into gender differences." THE JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES 29, Sum '94, pp. 813-42.

Wald, Patricia M. "Breaking the glass ceiling: will we ever rid the legal profession of 'the ugly residue of gender discrimination'?" Human Rights 16, Spr '89, pp. 40-3+.

Wald, Patricia M. "Women in the law: despite progress, much still needs to be done." Trial 24, N '88, p. 75+.

"Women in the law: the glass ceiling." ABA (AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION) JOURNAL, Jun '88, pp. 50-60+.

Medicine and Nursing

Anonymous. "Confronting medicine's glass ceiling (Editorial)." AMERICAN MEDICAL NEWS 36, Jul 26, '93, pp. 17+.

Cotton, Paul. "Women scientists explore more ways to smash through the 'glass ceiling': discrimination in medicine." JAMA, THE JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 268, Jul 8 '92, p. 173.

Holden, Constance. "Breaking the glass ceiling for $900,000." SCIENCE 263, Mar 25, '94, p. 1688.

Joel, Lucille A. "Maybe a pot watcher, but never an ostrich." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NURSING 94, Apr '94, p. 7.

Sherer, Jill L. "How thick is your glass ceiling?: the government wants to know." HOSPITALS & HEALTH NETWORKS 68, Nov 5 '94, pp. 74.

Police

Martin, Susan E. "'Outsider within' the station house: the impact of race and gender on black women police." SOCIAL PROBLEMS 41, Aug '94, p. 383-400.

Prince, John J. "A pilot study to select and prepare underpriveileged minorities and women for employment in law enforcement." JOURNAL OF POLICE SCIENCE AND ADMINISTRATION 10, S '82, pp. 350-6.

Politics

Clift, Eleanor. "Shards of the glass ceiling." NEWSWEEK 121, Feb 22, 1993, p. 30.

English, Deirdre. "Through the glass ceiling." MOTHER JONES 17, Nov/Dec '92, pp. 49-54.

Martin, Nina. "Who is she? other women bump up against the glass ceiling at work; Hillary did so in a far harder place -- her marriage." MOTHER JONES 18, N/D 1993, pp. 34-38+.

"The New Gang in California." THE ECONOMIST 322, F 29 '92, p. 32.

Simpson, Peggy. "How Lynn Martin's Career Will Affect Yours." WORKING WOMAN 16, O '91, pp. 86-89.

Sports

Abney, R. and D. Richey. "Barriers encountered by black female athletic administrators and coaches." JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, RECREATION, AND DANCE 62, Aug '91, pp. 19-21.

Berg, R. "On their own: minority women in sports leadership." ATHLETIC BUSINESS 16, May '92, p. 22-4, 26-8.

Blum, Debra E. "2 more coaches of women's teams go to court to press claims of sex discrimination." THE CHRONICLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION 40, Sep 1 '93, pp. A47-8.

Dessem, L. "Sex discrimination in coaching." HARVARD WOMEN'S LAW JOURNAL 3, Spr '80, pp. 97-118.

Hasbrook, C.A. "Female coaches: why the declining numbers and percentages?" JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, RECREATION, AND DANCE 59, Aug '88, pp. 59-63.

Hasbrook, C.A. et al. "Sex bias and the validity of believed differences between male and female interscholastic athletic coaches." RESEARCH QUARTERLY FOR EXERCISE AND SPORT 61, Sep '90, pp. 259-267.

Holman, M.G. and B.L. Parkhouse. "Trends in the selection of coaches for female athletes: a demographic inquiry." RESEARCH QUARTERLY FOR EXERCISE AND SPORT 52, Mar '81, pp. 9-18.

Kane, M. J. and J.M. Stangl. "Employment patterns of female coaches in men's athletics: tokenism and marginalization as reflections of occupational sex-segregation." JOURNAL OF SPORT AND SOCIAL ISSUES 15, Spr '91, pp. 21-41.

Knoppers, A. "Explaining male dominence and sex segregation in coaching: three approaches." QUEST 44, Aug '92, pp. 210-227.

Knoppers, A. "Men working: coaching as a male dominated and sex segregated occupation." ARENA REVIEW 12, Nov '88, pp. 69-80.

LeDrew, J.E. and C. Zimmerman. "Moving towards an acceptance of females in coaching." PHYSICAL EDUCATION 51, Late Win '94, pp. 6-14.

Ross, C.T. "Mississippi - woman coach wins sex discrimination suit against school board." SPORTS AND THE COURTS 10, '89, pp. 1-3.

Taylor, P. "No skirting this issue: it's time athletic directors considered top women coaches for men's college basketball jobs." SPORTS ILLUSTRATED 78, Apr 12 '93, p. 102.

"Women coaches: an endangered species?" ATHLETIC DIRECTOR & COACH, '84, pp. 1-2.

State and Federal Government

Anderson, Christopher. "NIH Aims at 'Glass Ceiling'." NATURE 356, Mar 5 '92, p. 6.

Baskerville, Dawn M. "Breaking through the glass ceiling." BLACK ENTERPRISE 22, Ag '91, pp.92-4+.

Bullard, Angela M. and Deil S. Wright. "Circumventing the glass ceiling: women executives in American state governments." PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REVIEW 53, May/Jun '93, pp. 189-202.

Culotta, Elizabeth. "Entrepreneurs say: 'It's better to be the boss'." SCIENCE 260, Ap 16 '93, p.406.

Garland, Susan B. "Can the feds bust through the 'glass ceiling'?" BUSINESS WEEK Apr 29 '91, p. 33.

Gompels, Susan. "Cracks in the glass ceiling." ACCOUNTANCY 114, O '94, p. 91.

Greever, Anne Gordon and Paige E. Hargroves. "U.S. inspectors look for glass ceilings: companies that contract with the government should be alert for a federal glass-ceiling audit targeting workplace discrimination." THE NATIONAL LAW JOURNAL 16, May 30 '94, p. B11.

Gunas, Peter J. III. "The Department of Labor's 'glass ceiling' initiative." EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS TODAY 17, Win '90/'91, pp. 277-80.

Kirshenbaum, Gayle. "U.N. expose: Inside the world's largest men's club." MS. 3, S '92, pp. 16-19.

Lewis, Gregory B. "Gender and promotions: promotion chances of white men and women in federal white-collar employment." THE JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCES 21, Sum '86, 406-19.

"Local Government's Glass Ceiling." AMERICAN CITY & COUNTY 107, F '92, p. 22.

Mink, Patsy T. and Phyllis Schlafly. "Should corporations and the federal government take stronger action to break the glass ceiling?" CQ RESEARCHER 3, Oct 29 '93, p. 953.

Naff, Katherine C. "Through the glass ceiling: prospects of the advancement of women in the federal civil service." PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REVIEW 54, Nov/Dec '94, pp. 507-14.

Nelson-Horlochler, Joani. "When She's the Man for the Top Job." INDUSTRY WEEK 239, N 5 '90, pp. 47-8.

Stanglin, Douglas. "The angry women of the CIA: discrimination and sexual harrassment are among the complaints made about the agency (Central Intelligence Agency)." U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT 118, Apr 10, '95, p. 47-9.

Stuart, Peggy. "What does the glass ceiling cost you?" PERSONNEL JOURNAL 71, N 1992, pp. 70-4+.

7quot;Ten years later, the glass ceiling gleams." NEWSWEEK 116, S 3 '90, p. 52.

Thompson, Anne. "Moving on, not up, in the video business." NEW TIMES YORK (Late New York Edition), Ap 3 '94, p. 23 (Sec 3).

Tunick, George. "Success: an insider's guide." EXECUTIVE FEMALE 17, Ja/F '94, p. 82.

Webb, Marilyn N. "Pushing through the top." WORKING WOMAN 17, Je '92, pp. 57-60.

Weiner, Tim. "The men in grey federal bureaucracy." NEW YORK TIMES (Late New York Edition), Ap 10 '94, p. 4 (Sec 4).